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Trademarks in Cyberspace: Domain name disputes, cybersquatting and internet issues
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Trademarks in Cyberspace: Domain name disputes, cybersquatting and internet issues

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This is a presentation recently presented to the Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis regarding domain names and other trademark related internet topics. It covers the basic system for …

This is a presentation recently presented to the Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis regarding domain names and other trademark related internet topics. It covers the basic system for registering domain names, domain name dispute resolution and domain name portfolio management. It also touches on other current intellectual property topics such as keyword advertising, social media and the coming new top level domains.

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. Domain Name Disputes, Cybersquatting & Internet Issues May 5, 2009 The Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis
  • 2. How The Domain Name System Works
    • ICANN – Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
    • ICANN-Accredited Registries
    • ICANN-Accredited Registrars
    • Domain Name Registrants
  • 3. WHOIS Records
  • 4. Types of Domains
    • Generic Top Level Domains – gTLDs
      • .aero .asia .biz
      • .cat .coop .info
      • .jobs .mobi .museum
      • .name .pro .tel
      • .travel
  • 5. Types of Domains
    • Country-Code Top Level Domains – ccTLDs
      • Generally, TLDs with two (2) letters
        • Examples: .us .cn .mx . .jp .uk
        • Over 250 ccTDLs
        • May be additional tiers within the ccTLDs
          • .com.au; .edu.au
          • .co.uk; .ltd.uk
        • May require local presence for registration
  • 6. Trademarks v. Domain Names
    • Trademark Infringement Issues
      • Cybersquatting/Typosquatting
      • How is the domain name used? What is the posted content?
      • Domain Name Watch Services Available
  • 7. Domain Name Disputes
    • UDRP - Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy
      • Administrative process through ICANN-approved service providers (currently four).
        • National Arbitration Forum
        • WIPO
        • Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre
        • The Czech Arbitration Court
      • UDRP process is available for all gTLDs and some ccTLDs (57)
  • 8. Domain Name Disputes
    • UDRP - What does a complainant have to prove?
      • The conflicting domain name is identical or confusingly similar to the trademark or service mark owned by the complainant.
      • The respondent does not have any rights or legitimate interests in the domain name.
      • The domain name was registered and is being used in bad faith.
  • 9. Domain Name Disputes
    • UDRP - What remedies are available?
      • Transfer of the domain name to the complainant.
      • Cancellation of the domain name.
      • No monetary damages available.
  • 10. Domain Name Disputes
    • UDRP – What are the costs?
      • Depends on the number of domain names in a complaint.
      • Depends on the number of panelists deciding the complaint.
      • General Budget: ~US $5,000 per complaint (one domain name, one panelist)
  • 11. Domain Name Disputes
    • ACPA - Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act
      • Civil action in federal court.
      • Added to the Lanham Act in 1999.
      • Personal or in rem jurisdiction.
  • 12. Domain Name Disputes
    • ACPA - What does a plaintiff have to prove?
      • Defendant registers, uses or traffics in a domain name that is identical to, confusingly similar to or dilutive of the Plaintiff’s mark.
      • Defendant has a bad faith intent to profit from the mark.
  • 13. Domain Name Disputes
    • ACPA - What remedies are available?
      • Cancellation or transfer of the domain name
      • Actual damages and defendant’s profits, OR
      • Statutory damages from $1000 to $100,000 per domain name
  • 14. Domain Name Strategies
    • Determine Objectives
    • Adopt Company-Wide Policies & Procedures
    • Consolidate Ownership, Control of and Access to Domain Names
  • 15. Domain Name Strategies
    • gTLDs or ccTLDs or Both
    • Policing and Enforcement
  • 16. HOT TOPICS
    • Keyword Advertising
    • Social Media Issues
    • New gTLDs
    • Registrar Misbehavior
  • 17. Domain Name Disputes, Cybersquatting & Internet Issues May 5, 2009 The Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis