Motivation and sports performance newPresentation Transcript
Motivation and sports performance. Session 6 Views and theories
Aims and Objectives Aim:
Describe how achievement motivation can effect some participation.
Identify the views of motivation.
Describe Achievement motivation.
Explain how achievement motivation can affect sports participation.
Motivation. Previous session. Lets go for a run. Why I hear you ask! Because I want you to. Why do you not want to go? Ok: Lets go for a run, this time. If you win you can finish this session after the 10minute run. However, if you come last you will be made to stay till the end of the session. How many of you wanted to go for the first run? What does this tell you?
Views Trait centred Some people have personal attributes that predispose them to success and high levels of motivation.
Goals of individual
Situation centred People may feel that the situation you find yourself in has a big impact on your motivation levels.
You may what you do CV workouts but your not motivated to take part in competitive sports.
Atkinson (1964) saw achievement motivation as an aspect of personality.
This is a personality factor that describes our persistence to keep striving for success.
It allows for people to persists even when they meet obstacles and even failure.
This is a valuable quality for a sports person, which is why it is studied in sports psychology.
Discuss Imagine you are in the last five minutes of the semi-final in which the score is 1-1. You have just won a penalty kick, the coach asks you if you want to take it. You know you have a 50-50 chance of scoring. What would you do?
Achievement motivation. If you was to say ‘no thanks’ This shows that your behaviour is driven by the ‘need to avoid failure’ (Naf). If you was to stand-up take the kick, This shows that your behaviour is driven by the‘need to achieve’ (Nach).
Achievement motivation theory. This is a concept of personality that looks at how competitive we are. Need to achieve (Nach) Enjoy competition, take risk, welcome a challenge, enjoy feedback on their performance, try harder after failure. This is a person that works hard to beat their own personal best. Need to avoid failure (naf) Avoid challenges, take the easy option, take no responsibility for their performance and give up when success is not achieved . This is a tennis player that gives up after a few losing a few games Proposed by Atkinson in 1964.
Atkinson’s Achievement motivation (approach to competition). Coaches want their athlete to be at point A. This shows a high degree of competitiveness combined with low need to avoid failure. A
Achievement motivation and performance. If the probability of success is high, it tends to weaken the ‘need to achieve’. The reward for success is low; If the probability of success is low and failure is likely, it tends to weaken the ‘need to avoid failure’. The reward for success is high. FA cup – non-league V’s Premiership team. NL = Motivated to achieve. PT = Motivated to avoid failure. V’s
Next session Effects of motivation on sports performance.