Explain how achievement motivation can affect sports participation. </li></li></ul><li>Motivation. Previous session.<br />Lets go for a run. <br />Why I hear you ask! <br />Because I want you to. <br />Why do you not want to go?<br />Ok: Lets go for a run, this time. <br />If you win you can finish this session after the 10minute run.<br />However, if you come last you will be made to stay till the end of the session. <br />How many of you wanted to go for the first run?<br />What does this tell you?<br />
Views <br />Trait centred <br />Some people have personal attributes that predispose them to success and high levels of motivation. <br /><ul><li>Personality
Goals of individual </li></ul>Situation centred <br />People may feel that the situation you find yourself in has a big impact on your motivation levels. <br /><ul><li>You may what you do CV workouts but your not motivated to take part in competitive sports. </li></li></ul><li>Achievement motivation. <br /><ul><li>Atkinson (1964) saw achievement motivation as an aspect of personality.
This is a personality factor that describes our persistence to keep striving for success.
It allows for people to persists even when they meet obstacles and even failure.
This is a valuable quality for a sports person, which is why it is studied in sports psychology. </li></li></ul><li>Discuss<br />Imagine you are in the last five minutes of the semi-final in which the score is 1-1. You have just won a penalty kick, the coach asks you if you want to take it.<br />You know you have a 50-50 chance of scoring. <br />What would you do?<br />
Achievement motivation. <br />If you was to say ‘no thanks’ <br />This shows that your behaviour is driven by the ‘need to avoid failure’ (Naf).<br />If you was to stand-up take the kick,<br />This shows that your behaviour is driven by the‘need to achieve’ (Nach). <br />
Achievement motivation theory. This is a concept of personality that looks at how competitive we are.<br />Need to achieve (Nach)<br />Enjoy competition, take risk, welcome a challenge, enjoy feedback on their performance, try harder after failure. <br />This is a person that works hard to beat their own personal best. <br />Need to avoid failure (naf)<br />Avoid challenges, take the easy option, take no responsibility for their performance and give up when success is not achieved .<br />This is a tennis player that gives up after a few losing a few games <br />Proposed by Atkinson in 1964. <br />
Atkinson’s Achievement motivation (approach to competition). <br />Coaches want their athlete to be at point A. This shows a high degree of competitiveness combined with low need to avoid failure. <br />A<br />
Achievement motivation and performance. <br />If the probability of success is high, it tends to weaken the ‘need to achieve’. <br />The reward for success is low;<br />If the probability of success is low and failure is likely, it tends to weaken the ‘need to avoid failure’.<br />The reward for success is high.<br />FA cup – non-league V’s Premiership team.<br /> NL = Motivated to achieve.<br /> PT = Motivated to avoid failure. <br />V’s<br />
Next session <br />Effects of motivation on sports performance.<br />