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Cohesion.(2)
 

Cohesion.(2)

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    Cohesion.(2) Cohesion.(2) Presentation Transcript

    • PSYCHOLOGY FOR SPORTSPERFORMANCE.Cohesion.
    • Aim & Objectives. Aim: By the end of this session student will  Explain how cohesion can affect sports performance and how the coach can create effective team climate. Objectives: By the end of this session students will  Define group cohesion.  Describe task and social cohesion.  Explain how the coaches role in creating a effect team climate.
    • Cohesion. ‘the total number of forces which act on members to remain in the group.’ (Festinger et al, 1950) These forces will tend to cover to areas:  The attractiveness of the group to the individual members.  The extent in which the member are willing to work together to achieve their goals. What are the positives to being a member of a team? Are there any disadvantages?
    • Task: Place the following team sports in order depending upon the level ofinteraction (Cohesion) needed to be successful. Rowing (Eights)  Bobsleigh (Fours) Golf team  Cycling team Volleyball  4 x 100m relay team Synchronised  Cricket swimming team (Batting/fielding) Tennis doubles  Curling.
    • Cohesion Athletes other report that cohesion is a form of satisfaction in their lives. However, it has been argued that cohesive teams are not always the most successful. Therefore, it has suggested that cohesion has two distinct aspects. Task cohesion & social cohesion. It is often said that task cohesion comes first.  This is the degree to which members work together and are committed to achieve common goals, such as winning a match.
    • Cohesion. If the team is showing task cohesion frequently then social cohesion will follow.  Is the degree to which group members like each other and get on well, trust and support each other. However, history has shown many examples where individuals have no interpersonal attraction and are still successful.
    • Discussion. In pairs discuss which if any is more important for sporting success. From this discussion write down your overall answer.
    • Cohesion. In summary, cohesion is important in successful teams, and that task cohesion is more important than social cohesion. The definition that can be used to explain cohesion as a whole is  ‘a dynamic process which is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its goals and objections. (Weinburg and Gould, (1995))
    • Creating an effective team climate. Team climate refers to how well the different players in a team get on with each other.  The key to this is how well the players perceive the relationship with other players. The coach has the most important role in building an effective team climate, but first the coach has to assess team climate. The two common ways in assessing it are through the use of sociograms and questionnaires.
    • Team climate.Questionnaire. Sociograms The group  These are used to find out who like who and to prevent questionnaire looks at people from getting left out how attractive the or cliques forming. group is to member  They are done by asking questions such as: Who do within the same group. you get on with most when The more individuals not at training?  The response from these are attracted to the questions is then used to find group the higher levels the more or loss popular in of team cohesion. the group.
    • Task Example. You are to come up with different questions that you could ask a team in order to come a sociograms.  The names are linked by arrows, with the Try to complete on for direction of arrows this group. showing who likes who.
    • Re-cap How do we define cohesion?  What is task cohesion?  What is social cohesion? What role does the coach play when creating an affective team climate. What is a sociogram?
    • Aim & Objectives. Aim: By the end of this session student will  Explain how cohesion can affect sports performance and how the coach can create effective team climate. Objectives: By the end of this session students will  Define group cohesion.  Describe task and social cohesion.  Explain how the coaches role in creating a effect team climate.
    • Next session. Cohesion:  Factors affecting cohesion  Relationship between cohesion and performance.