Cartilla de ingreso a ingles

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  • 1. WELCOME TO THE ENGLISHINTRODUCTORY COURSE 1
  • 2. CONTENTSVerb To Be: page 1Present Simple : page 2There is / there are: page 3Prepositions: page 4Present continuous: page 6Adjectives: page 8Past simple: page 10Modals: page 13Future tenses: page 14Present Perfect: page 15Mixed tenses: page 18Past Perfect: page 21Conditionals: page 21The passive: page 22 2
  • 3. Verb To BeA Complete the text below with the correct form of the verb "to be": Marcia1_______from Brazil. She2 ________25 years old and works as a secretary, in Dublin. She 3_______very communicative and has a lot of friends. Two of her best friends are Miguel and Pauline. Miguel 4______from Portugal. He 5______27 years old.Pauline 6________a very funny French girl.She 7_______30 years old. Marcia and Miguel8_______ singles, but Pauline9________ marriedto a doctor. She says they10________ very happy. Marcia wants to go back to Brazil, butshe11_________sure she12______ going to miss her friends.B Complete with the right verb to be and then choose the correct answer according to thepicture: 3
  • 4. 1. ______ he a footballplayer? a. No, _____ _____ . He _____ a ______________2. _____ he a student? a. _____, _____ _____.3. _____ she a nurse? a. _____, _____ _____.4. _____ she a girl? a. _____, _____ _____.5. _____ she a ballerina? a. _____, _____ _____. 4
  • 5. 6. _____ he anadult? a. _____, _____ _____. _____________________________ 7. _____ shehisaunt? a. _____, _____ _____. _____ hismom. 8. _____ he a chef? a. _____, _____ _____. Present SimpleA Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.0 She ____is______ (be) very nice.1 Mary __________ (not like) jazz.2 My teachers __________ (think) I’m clever.3 We __________ (not use) a computer every day.4 I __________ (love) drawing.5 They __________ (be) good friends.B Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.0 dance/often/I/Tom/with/I often dance with Tom.________________________00 you/play/do/the/piano/? 5
  • 6. Do you play the piano?________________________1 is/late/Anna/always/lunch/for/___________________________________________2 often/go/early/how/do/to/you/bed/?___________________________________________3 learn/I/never/Fridays/English/on/___________________________________________4 study/your/does/girlfriend/history/?___________________________________________C Complete the text with the prepositions from the table. You can use some prepositionsmore than once.at, from, inMiguel comes (1) __________ Spain and he lives(2) __________ Barcelona. He lives(3)__________ a house with his two friends, Alberto and Felipe.Miguel loves mathematics andheis very good(4) __________ it.D Match the verbs (1–6) with the words (a–g).0 have a) television1 get up b) computer games2 watch c) a book3 play d) German4 listen to e) the radio5 speak f) a shower6 read g) early0 1 2 3 4 5 6fE Add the words or expressions from the box to the correct groups. Then add three morewords or expressions to each list.playing football, uncle, supermarketFamily Sports Places_____________ _____________ __________________________ _____________ __________________________ _____________ __________________________ _____________ _____________ 6
  • 7. There is / there are – Prepositions A Look at the picture and complete the sentences. Use THERE IS/THERE ARE/THEREISN’T/THERE AREN’T 1) _______________________ a bed. 2) ________________________cars. (negative) 3) _______________________ shoes. 4) ________________________ a girl. (negative) 5) _________________________ a lamp. 6) ________________________ balls. (negative) 7) _________________________ a computer. (negative) 8) _________________________ a window. 9) _________________________ a toy box. 10) _________________________ toys. BComplete the sentences with the expressions from the box. there is, there are, there isn’t, there aren’t, is there, are there 0 There are__ about twenty museums in my city. 1 __________ a post office next to your house?No, __________ . 2 __________ any supermarkets in my town. 3 How many people __________ in your city? 4 __________ a park near my house. 7
  • 8. CUnderline the correct word in each sentence.0 Their /Theirsson is very lazy.1 This is not my/minebook. It’s Janes’/Jane’s.2 My parent’s/parents’ car is very old. They want tobuy a new one.3 Anna doesn’t collect CDs - this CD isn’t her/hers,it’s her sisters’/sister’s.4 Whose/Who’sguitar is this?DComplete the sentences with these prepositions from/at/on/in/until.0 I often go swimming ____in____ summer.1 Tom’s birthday is __________ the twenty-first ofMarch.2 What do you usually do __________ the weekend?3 We have holidays __________ July.4 I often go to church __________ Sunday.5 This bank is open _________ 11 a.m. _________4 p.m.EComplete the table with the adjectives made from the nouns.0 sun sunny1 change2 wind3 difference4 ice5 friend6 fameFComplete the sentences with the correct words. The first letter of each word is given.0 Mark lives in a small_____town______ in Ireland.1 We go to the c_______________ to watch films.2 I hate winter, but I like a_______________ very much.3 A_______________ is the month after July.4 In Alaska it is often very s_______________ in winter.5 A backpacker can get a train ata r_______________ station.6 On holidays my friends usually goc_______________ in the mountains.ReadingDear Ann,Thank you for asking me to come and visit you and your family next month. It is a great idea.I am really interested in visiting new places. I like museums and old churches very much. I alsolike visiting art galleries – there are so many fascinating things to see there. I know there is one 8
  • 9. in your town. Can we visit it? You say that there isn’t a sports centre in your town but is there aswimming pool? I enjoy swimming a lot and I love diving. Is there also a place to eat fish andchips? Fish and chip shops are great!The only problem is that I don’t know what to take with me: warm shoes, a jumper, boots?What’s the weather like in your area? In my town it rains a lot and that’s why I always carry anumbrella with me. And what about other things?For example, a camera?Please send me a leaflet about your town and a street map.One last question – how old is your sister, Gina? I want to bring her a present. Would she likethe new Destiny’s Child CD?See you soon!Josephine1 Read the text and decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F).1 _____ Josephine likes going places.2 _____ Josephine is interested in visiting old churches.3 _____ There is a big sports centre in Ann’s town.4 _____ Josephine wants to buy Ann a Destiny’s Child CD.5 _____ Josephine’s hobbies are swimming and diving.2 Read the text again and decide which answer is correct, a, b or c.1 Josephine wantsa to visit Ann’s family next week.b Ann to visit her next month.c to come and see Ann next month.2 In Ann’s town, there isaa sports centre.b an art gallery.c a swimming pool.3 Josephine likesa fish and chips.b rainy weather.c Destiny’s Child. 9
  • 10. 4 Josephine wants to knowa what to take on her trip.b if Ann likes museums and old churches.c how old Ann is.5 Josephine wants to bring Ginaa an umbrella.b a camera.WritingYou want to meet your friend in the city centre. Write a short note and:  suggest a place of the meeting;  inform him/her where the place is;  arrange the time for the meeting;  ask him/her to confirm that he/she will be there. Present ContinuousA Write sentences in the Present Continuous – affirmative (+), negative (–) or questions(?).  0 You (listen) to me. (?)  Are you listening to me?__________________  1 Frank (play) football. (+)  ___________________________________________  2 I (think) about my homework. (-)  ___________________________________________  3 They (work) in the garden. (?)  ___________________________________________  4 You (study) Spanish. (-)  ___________________________________________B Complete the text with the verbs in the correct tense – Present Simple or PresentContinuous.  Dear Tony, 10
  • 11.  I (0) am writing (write) to tell you that our holiday is great! The weather is wonderful. We had a lot of snow yesterday and now it (1) __________ (snow) again. It always (2)__________ (snow) here at this time of year. Bill doesn’t like it because he never (3)__________ (go) skiing when we are on holiday.  It’s 11 p.m. now and Bill (4)__________ (sleep) in his room. My parents (5) __________ (play) cards with their friends.  I hope everything is OK with you.  See you soon,  MarthaC Underline the correct word in each sentence.  0 How often do you meat/ meet your grandparents?  1 He goes swimming in/at the weekend.  2 We usually play football on/inMondays.  3 Zakopane is on/in the south of Poland.  4 What can you sea/seefrom your room?  5 Can you hear/hereeverything from hear/here?D Complete the table with the name of a country or nationality. Country Nationality0 Poland Polish00 French France1 Brazil2 Turkish3 Japan4 Spain5 Dutch6 HungaryE Complete the sentences with the correct words. The first letter of each word is given.  0 We stayed in a bed and breakfast_ .  1 I like holidays at the seaside most. I love relaxingon the b__________ and sunbathing.  2 The weather was a__________! It rainedall the time.  3 In some countries black cats bring badl__________. 11
  • 12.  4 Mike loves all kinds of a__________ holidays. Last year he went trekking in themountains.  5 I’d like fish and c__________, please.And chocolate cake for the dessert. AdjectivesA Write sentences about the two cars. Use the adjectives from the table. Car A Car B0 slow +1 comfortable +2 small +3 smart +4 bad +  0 B is slower than A.____________________________  1 ___________________________________________  2 ___________________________________________  3 ___________________________________________  4 ___________________________________________B Complete the text with the adjective in the correct form – comparative or superlative.My brother Stephan is (0) the happiest___ (happy)person in his class because everybodylikeshim. Hehas two very good friends - Lisa and Christine. Lisastudies a lot and she is(1)_______________ (good)student in her class. She is also (2) _______________(intelligent)than Christine. Stephan likes to talk to hervery much. Christine is very good-looking. She has(3) _______________ (long) and (4) _______________ (dark) hair than Lisa.In fact, everybodythinksChristina is (5) _______________ (pretty) girl atschool.C Complete the table with the adjectives or nouns.0 disappointment disappointing1 success2 romantic3 famous 12
  • 13. 4 fashionD Use the picture to write the names of clothes and other things. E Use the picture to write the names of clothes and other things. 13
  • 14. Past SimpleA. Complete the gaps with WAS-WASN`T-WERE-WEREN`T.1. Tom very romantic yesterday. 2. The kids at a birthday party. 14
  • 15. 3. Jane very sick..4. Peter late for work.5. Jack at a party he at work.6. Paul very happy, he angry.7. John and Pat very happy.8. Peter in a big hurry.9. Susan tired of cooking.10. They singing very loud. 15
  • 16. 11. Jack sad. He happy.12. Mr. Parker a great painter. 13. They happy with the concert.14. Andrew playing computer games.15. The mother really desperate.16. The cat afraid of the small mouse.17. Jim completely exhausted.18. Mr. Smith very hungry. 16
  • 17. BRead the text and put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple.My grandparents (0) ___met____ (meet) in 1948.Mygrandmother (1) __________ (live) inasmall villagenear Madrid.One day she (2) __________ (see) a niceman on the train toMadridand she (3) __________(like) him very much.It (4) __________ (be) mygrandfather. They (5)__________ (not talk) much onthe train but the next day they (6)__________ (go) tothecinema together. They (7) __________ (marry) inthe spring of1949.CWrite questions to complete the mini-dialogues.0 A What story ___did you read yesterday________ ?B Yesterday? I read a ghost story.1 A What __________________________________ ?B For my sister? I bought a doll for her.2 A When __________________________________ ?B He studied biology from 1985 to 1990.3 A What time ______________________________ ?B Yesterday? We finished school at five o’clock.DComplete the table with the masculine or feminine forms of nouns.0 man woman1 boy2 princess3 nephew4 wife5 brother6 MsEComplete the multi-part verbs with the correct word.0 I always get ____up____ at 6 o’clock in themorning.1 I don’t want to talk __________ it now.2 On Mondays Tom usually goes __________ of theoffice very late.3 She turned __________ the computer and startedto work.FComplete the sentences with the correct words. The first letter of each word is given. 17
  • 18. 0 A _cheetah__ is a big cat. It can run very fast andlives in Africa.1 The d__________ of Central and South America in1492 was a very important e__________ .2 A c__________ is a very funny film.3 The king and queen live in a big c__________ .GComplete the sentences with some, any or a/an.0 I have got ____a_____ computer.1 I need __________ paper and __________ pencil.2 We haven’t got __________ tomatoes.3 Is there __________ bread at home?4 I want __________ ham.5 My father is __________ artist. MODALSAThese statements are false. Make them true. Use can, can’t, have to or don’t have to.0 Backpackers have to get information at thetourist information office.________________can________________________1 Students don’t have to smoke at school.___________________________________________2 Most people have to go to work on Sundays.___________________________________________3 If you like, you don’t have to change the money atthe bank.___________________________________________4 You can’t be quiet at the theatre.___________________________________________B Complete the sentences with can / can’t, has / have to or don’t / doesn’t have to. 18
  • 19. A pilot has to (0) be more than 21 yearsold. They____________________________ (1) be male or female.They____________________________ (2) be able to speak good English. They____________________________ (3) be very strongbut they____________________________ (4) be healthy. Of course,they____________________________ (5) be afraid of flying! A radio DJ____________________________ (6) love music.They ____________________________ (7)wear a uniform. They____________________________ (8) wear any clothes they like.They____________________________ (9) know a lot about music.They____________________________ (10) be very old-fashioned!C Write "Must" / "Should" / "Have to"1. You ________ speak to your brother and try to solve that problem2. You ________ come with us to the cinema; the film we are going to see is marvelous3. You are very fat. You ________ practice sport4. Please, we are in the church; you ________ stop making that unpleasant noise (A father tohis son)5. If you want to watch TV, first you ________ finish your homework6. If I want to buy a new house I ________ get a mortgage (A mother to her daughter)7. You cannot go out with your friends. You ________ stay at home because you have fever8. In internal flights you ________ check in one hour before the departure9. I ________ go to the bank to get some money10. You ________ visit Paris. What a beautiful city! Future tensesA Complete the sentences with will, won’t, (am, are, is) goingto or not going to.0 I think most people ___will___ have mobile phonesin the future.1 Tom feels ill. He __________ visit a doctor onMonday.2 I __________ watch TV this evening because thereisn’t anything interesting on.3 In the future, everybody __________ know how touse a computer.4 We have two tests next week. We __________ studyhard this weekend.5 That’s not true! She __________ move to Africa.She decided to stay here.6 He buys lots of expensive cars. In ten years he__________ have any money!B Write plural forms of these nouns. 19
  • 20. 0 man men1 child2 watch3 knife4 skirtC Match the verbs (1–6) with the expressions (a–g).0 give a) parks1 do b) money for charity2 raise c) old people3 work d) with homeless children4 visit e) trees5 clean up f) clothes to charities6 plant g) voluntary work0 1 2 3 4 5 6f Present PerfectA Write the verbs in brackets in the correct form of the Present Perfect.0 His sisters have never playedtennis. (never play)1 I _______________ him two postcards from Paris.(send)2 We _______________ the dog for a walk.(not take)3 _______________ you _______________ anythingdangerous? (do)4 My parents _______________ me a lot of presents.(give)5 My brother _______________ a poem. (never write)B Use the cues to write sentences about Dan’s life. Use the Present Perfect.0 Dan/visit/many Asian countries.Dan has visited many Asian countries____________1 He/not see/a UFO. 20
  • 21. ___________________________________________2 He/read/many science fiction books.___________________________________________3 Dan/not study/at the University of California.___________________________________________4 He/work/in an international company.___________________________________________C Use the notes to write questions and negatives with ever and never.0 Gunter | use | a digital camera?Has Gunter ever used a digital camera? .No, he has never used a digital camera .1 your parents | visit | Venice?____________________________________________.____________________________________________.2 you and your friends | organize | a party?____________________________________________.____________________________________________.3 you | print | a colour picture | on your computer?____________________________________________.____________________________________________.4 your mother | play | the piano?____________________________________________.____________________________________________.5 the football players | travel | to Spain?____________________________________________.____________________________________________._____________________5 He/find/$100/in the street.___________________________________________D Match the verbs (1–6) with the expressions (a–g).0 play a) emails1 send b) vibrations2 press c) the Internet3 feel d) a noise 21
  • 22. 4 surf e) a computer game5 put f) a button6 make g) a coin into the machine0 1 2 3 4 5 6eReading1 Read the text about Mars exploration and match the information (A–F) with theparagraphs (1–5). There is one extra piece of information.Mars1 ___When you dream about going places, where doesyour mind take you? The GrandCanyon,Africa orNew York? If you spend time looking at the stars,you’ll notice a bright onethat’s abit red. This isMars, the fourth planet from the Sun. But moreimportantly, it’s the nextplacehumans are goingto explore.2 ___Mars is so much like the Earth that we want to gothere and see what happened. Wheredidthe watergo? When we look at pictures of Mars, we seeplaces where there was water alongtime ago, forexample big canyons and ice caps at the north andsouth poles of Mars.3 ___But something happened on Mars to make the waterdisappear and make it a cold place withavery thinatmosphere. So, we’re sending robots equipped withspecial instruments to Marstostudy the planet’senvironment and look for signs of life. It’s going totake years, and there’salot to do.4 ___Scientists have organised international expeditionsto Mars. Do you rememberMarsPathfinder thatlanded on Mars on July 4, 1997? It sent back about17,000 pictures of theRedPlanet.5 ___Thanks to modern technology we can follow othermissions to Mars - for example, theMarsOdysseymission. The spaceship was launched on April 7,2001. On the Internet we can 22
  • 23. findexciting reportsand images of its flight. Although the missionofficially ended on August24,2004, its new projectmanager says Odyssey has enough flight systemresources to carryonits exploration through thenext 10 years. It will surely be a great adventurefor allspacelovers.A Equipment to examine MarsB Present missions to MarsC Life on the Red PlanetD Past missions to MarsE Next planet to visitF Landscapes on Mars2 Read the text again and decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F).1 _____ There are three other planets on the way fromthe Sun to Mars.2 _____ We can’t find any signs of water on Mars.3 _____ The space robots are going to look for evidenceof life on Mars.4 _____ Pathfinder was the first animal to land on Mars.5 _____ The Odyssey mission will provide about 17,000pictures of Mars.WritingYou bought a CD player at a department store in London and it stopped working the nextday. Write a letter of complaint (about 100–150 words) to the shop manager and:  say what you bought and when;  remind them what the price is and the guarantee period;  describe what is wrong with the CD player;  express hope that they will sort out the problem soon and ask for compensation in some way. Mixed tensesA Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple, the Present Continuous, the PresentPerfect or the Past Simple tense.0 We often _____meet______ (meet) to play the pianotogether.1 My brother _______________ (read) three books lastweek. 23
  • 24. 2 I _______________ (see) her three times in my life.3 My friends _______________ (eat) a lot of pizza.4 We _______________ (not go) to the cinemayesterday.5 Look! He _______________ (talk) to a veryattractive girl.6 My sister _______________ (never write) a letter toher boyfriend.7 Barbara _______________ (not work) in ourcompany any more. She is in the United Statesnow.B Write questions to complete the mini-dialogues.0 A How many schools are there in your city_______ ?B There is one.1 A ________________________________________ ?B On Sundays? He usually reads or watchestelevision.2 A ________________________________________ ?B This bag? It’s mine!3 A ________________________________________ ?B At 5 p.m. I was ready to leave the office.4 A ________________________________________ ?B On Sunday? They went to the disco.C There is one mistake in each sentence. Find it and correct it.0 John and Tom aren’t like football._____________don’t__________________________1 They only have one children, her name is Barbara.___________________________________________2 This book is not her. It’s Susan’s.___________________________________________3 Lisa is most intelligent than Tom.___________________________________________4 Do you think everybody is going to know how to surfthe Internet in the future?___________________________________________5 Good swimmers don’t have be tall.___________________________________________6 I usually am late for school.___________________________________________ 24
  • 25. D Underline the correct word in each sentence.0 I usually get on/up at 7 o’clock.1 We don’t have some/anymeat at home.2 They often play brilliant/brilliantly in the first halfof the match.3 My grandparents live in/at a small flat.4 A I don’t like music.B So/Neitherdo I.5 The festival starts in/on the twenty-second of July.E Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets.0 The roads are very ____icy______ (ice) today.1 Mr. Smith is a very ____________ (experience)manager.2 Can you see the ____________ (different) betweenred and pink?3 Our teachers are very ____________ (friend).4 Do you think ____________ (beautiful) is needed fora TV career?5 This colour is not very ____________ (fashion) now.6 It is a typical _____________ (romantic) story.They fall in love and get married.F Add the words or expressions from the box to the correct groups. Then add three morewords or expressions to each list.bed and breakfast, catalogue, Sunday, light year, trousersShopping:_____________________________________________Space:_____________________________________________Places to stay on holiday:_____________________________________________Clothes:_____________________________________________Days of the week: 25
  • 26. _____________________________________________Reading task1 Read the text about tea and match the information (A–F) with the paragraphs (1–5). Thereis one extra piece of information.1 ___The origins of drinking tea can be traced back tothe times of the mythical Chinese emperorShenNung, who lived about 2737 BC. According toa Chinese legend tea was discoveredwhentheemperor’s servant put a boiling pot of waterunder a tea bush and some tea leavesfell intoit.2 ___The oldest of all teas is green tea - a very healthyvariety of tea. But unlike black tea, itdoesnotundergo the process of full fermentation and in thefinal stage its leaves usually keeptheir differentshapes and forms.3 ___Research done in Japan has shown that people whodrink green tea everyday do not fallillwithdangerous diseases so often.4 ___Apart from the more common types of black andgreen tea, today it is possible to buyteaswith veryunique scents. For example, Earl Grey is made ofblack tea with bergamotoil,which gives ita delicate taste.5 ___Today tea is served everyday and on many socialoccasions. No matter which tea you like –blackor green, tea is now the most popular drink.A The green one keeps you in good health.B Water gives tea its specific taste.C It started almost 5,000 years ago.D It’s more famous than water!E Where is the difference?F The aroma is right there!2 Read the text again and decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F). 26
  • 27. 1 _____ Chinese emperor ShenNung discovered tea.2 _____ Black tea is healthier than green tea.3 _____ Green tea keeps you in a good health.4 _____ Earl Grey is a variety of black tea.5 _____ Water is more popular than any variety of tea.WritingYou decided to organize a party for the members of the English club in your school at theend of the school year.Write a letter (about 100–150 words) to all members of the club and:  give a reason for organizing the party and say when it is going to be;  mention the dress code;  say what the menu and music will be like;  express your hope that many of your friends will come. Past Perfect SimpleA Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple).1.The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build)________________.2.He (not / be) ________________ to Cape Town before 1997.3.When she went out to play, she (do / already) __________________her homework.4.My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make) _____________________5.The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on) ________________________ six weeksbefore.6.The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order) ______________________7.I could not remember the poem we (learn) __________________ the week before.8.The children collected the chestnuts that (fall)___________________from the tree.9.(he / phone) __________________________ Angie before he went to see her in London?10She (not / ride)________________________a horse before that day.11My best friend Jack was no longer in town. He ___________________ away. (go)12The church was no longer small....They ____________________a bigger one. (build) 27
  • 28. 13Tina didnt live at 333 Watson street any more. She ___________________. (move)14The local cinema was no longer open. They ______________________it down. (close)15I couldnt recognize Mrs Evans at all. She _______________________a lot. (change) Conditional sentencesA Put in the verbs in brackets and form Conditional sentences type I or type II. Mind theunderlined verb forms.Example: If they learn the poem, they ________ (to get) a good mark.Answer: If they learn the poem, they will get a good mark.1) If you come with me, I _______________________ (to do) the shopping with you.2) Walter ____________________________ (to help) his mother in the garden if she reads hima story this evening.3) If it __________________(to rain), I will stay at home.4) Our teacher will be happy if we _________________________ (to learn) the poem by heart.5) If they had enough money, they ________________________(to buy) a new car.6) We ________________________________ (to pass) the exam if we studied harder.7) If Pat _______________________ (to repair) his bike, he could go on a bicycle tour with us.8) She would get 100 pounds if she ________________________(to sell) this old shelf.9) If I was/were you, I ___________________________(to invite) Jack to the party.10) If the weather ______________________________ (to be) fine, the children can walk toschool. 28
  • 29. B Put in the verbs in brackets and form Conditional sentences - type I or type II. Mind thenegations.Example: If Adam spoke Italian, he ________ (to work) in Italy.Answer: If Adam spoke Italian, he would work Italy.1) If Tracy had a mobile phone, she __________________________ (to phone) all her friends.2) I __________________________(to be) very angry with Nick if he forgets my CD again.3) If the boys ________________________ (to win) this match, their coach will invite them toa barbecue.4) If you dont read these articles, you _______________________(not/to know) the factsabout Africa.5) You would get very wet if you _____________________________ (to walk) in this rain.6) The engine _________________________ (not/to start) if Ben connected these two cables.7) If he has time, he __________________________(to buy) her some sweets.8) Maria __________________________ (to play) in the school orchestra if she practised thetrumpet more often.9) We wont fetch something to drink if Jim ___________________________ (not/to bring)some sandwiches. 29
  • 30. 10) If he ____________________________ (to carry) the rucksack, Id pull the suitcase. The PassiveAPassive - Sentences in the Simple PresentRewrite the given sentences in Passive voice.Example:Frank builds a house._____________________Answer:A house is built. or A house is built by Frank.1) Mr Jones watches the film._________________________________________________2) The people speak English._________________________________________________3) He reads comics._________________________________________________4) We play volleyball._________________________________________________5) They sing the song._________________________________________________ 30
  • 31. 6) I take photos._________________________________________________7) She does the housework._________________________________________________8) The policemen help the children._________________________________________________9) He writes text messages._________________________________________________10) Mother waters the flowers._________________________________________________B Passive sentences in the Simple PastRewrite the given sentences in Passive voice.Example:Frank built a house._____________________Answer:A house was built. or A house was built by Frank.1) She bought four apples._________________________________________________2) We won the match._________________________________________________3) The man stole the blue car._________________________________________________4) The police arrested the thieves. 31
  • 32. __________________________________________________5) Jack swam the 200 metres.__________________________________________________6) The dog bit the old lady.__________________________________________________7) Tom and Max ate five hamburgers.__________________________________________________8) Oliver taught the children.__________________________________________________9) Victoria rode the brown horse.__________________________________________________10) Grandmother told good stories.__________________________________________________ 32
  • 33. Verb To BeA:: 1 is 2 is 3 is 4 is 5 is 6 is 7 is 8 are 9 is 10 are 11is 12isB: 1 is a. No, he isn´t. he is a baseball player. 2 Is a. Yes, he is. 3 Is a. Yes, she is. 4 Is a. Yes, she is. 5 Is a. Yes, she is. 6 Is a. No, he isn´t. he´s a baby. 7 Is a.No, she isn´t. she´s his mom. 8 Is a.No, he isn´t. He´s a pilot. Present SimpleA: 1 doesn’t like; 2 think; 3 don’t use;4 love; 5 areB: 1 Anna is always late for lunch;2 How often do you go to bed early?; 3 I neverlearn English on Fridays; 4 Does your girlfriendstudy history?C: 1 from; 2 in; 3 in; 4 atD: 1 g; 2 a; 3 b; 4 e; 5 d; 6 cE: Family: uncle;Sports: playing football; Places:supermarket; (andthree more words or expressions in each category) There is / there are – PrepositionsA: 1 There is 2 There aren’t 3 There are 4 There isn´t 5 There is 6 There aren’t 7 There isn´t8 There is 9 There is 10 There areB: 1 Is there, there isn’t; 2 Therearen’t; 3 are there; 4 There isC: 1 my, Jane’s; 2 parents’; 3 hers,sister’s; 4 WhoseD: 1 on; 2 at; 3 in; 4 on; 5 from, untilE: 1 changeable; 2 windy; 3 different;4 icy; 5 friendly; 6 famousF: 1 cinema; 2 autumn; 3 August;4 snowy; 5 railway; 6 climbingReading1 1 T; 2 T; 3 F; 4 F; 5 T2 1 c; 2 b; 3 a; 4 a; 5 c 33
  • 34. Present ContinuousA: 1 Frank is playing football;2 I’m not thinking about my homework; 3 Are theyworking in the garden?; 4 You aren’t (are not)studying Spanish.B: 1 is snowing; 2 snows; 3 goes;4 is sleeping; 5 are playingC: 1 at; 2 on; 3 in; 4 see; 5 hear, hereD: 1 Brazilian; 2 Turkey; 3 Japanese;4 Spanish; 5 Holland; 6 HungarianE: 1 beach; 2 awful; 3 luck;4 adventure; 5 chips AdjectivesA: 1 A is more comfortable than B;2 B is smaller than A; 3 A is smarter than B;4 B is worse than A.B: 1 the best; 2 more intelligent;3 longer; 4 darker; 5 the prettiestC:) 1 successful; 2 romance; 3 fame;4 fashionableD: a T-shirt, a watch, a tie, trousers,trainersE: sunglasses, earrings, a jumper,a dress/a skirt, shoes Past SimpleA: 1 Was2 Were3 Was4Was5 Wasn´t Was6 Wasn´t Was7 Were8 Was9 Was10 Were 11 Wasn´t Was 12 Was 13 Were 14 Was 15 Was 16 Was 17 Was 18 WasB: 1 lived; 2 saw; 3 liked; 4 was;5 didn’t talk ; 6 went; 7 marriedC: 1 What did you buy for your sister?;2 When did he study biology?; 3 What time did youfinish school yesterday?D: 1 girl; 2 prince; 3 niece;4 husband; 5 sister; 6 MrE: 1 about; 2 out; 3 onF: 1 discovery, event; 2 comedy; 3 castleG: 1 some, a; 2 any; 3 any; 4 some;5 an ModalsA: 1 can’t; 2 don’t have to; 3 can;4 have toB: 1 can, 2 have to, 3 don’t have to, 4 have to, 5 can’t, 6 has to, 7 don’t have to, 8 can, 9 haveto, 10 can’tC: 1 must-2 should-3 should-4 have to-5 must-6 should-7 have to-8 have to-9 must-10 should 34
  • 35. Future tensesA: 1 is going to; 2 am not going to;3 will; 4 are going to; 5 is not going to; 6 won’tB: 1 children; 2 watches; 3 knives;4 skirtsC: 1 g; 2 b; 3 d; 4 c; 5 a; 6 e Present PerfectA: 1 have sent; 2 haven’t taken; 3 Haveyou done; 4 have given; 5 has never writtenB: 1 He hasn’t seen a UFO; 2 He hasread many science fiction books; 3 Dan hasn’tstudied at the University ofCalifornia; 4 He hasworked in an international company; 5 He has found$100 in the street.C: 1 Have your parents ever visited Venice? No, they have never visited Venice. 2 Have you andyour friends ever organised a party? No, we have never organised a party. 3 Have you everprinted a colour picture on your computer? No, I have never printed a colour picture on mycomputer. 4 Has your mother ever played the piano? No, she has never played the piano. 5Have the football players ever travelled to Spain? No, they have never travelled to Spain.D: 1 a; 2 f; 3 b; 4 c; 5 g; 6 dReading and Writing1 1 E; 2 F; 3 A; 4 D; 5 B2 1 T; 2 F; 3 T; 4 F; 5 F Mixed tensesA: 1 read; 2 have seen; 3 eat; 4 didn’tgo; 5 is talking; 6 has never written; 7 doesn’t workB: 1 What does he do on Sundays?;2 Whose bag is this?/Whose is this bag?; 3 Whattime were you ready to leave the office?; 4 Whatdid they do on Sunday?/Where did they go onSunday?C:1 one child; 2 hers; 3 moreintelligent; 4 will know; 5 don’t have to be; 6 I amusuallyD:1 any; 2 brilliantly; 3 in; 4 Neither;5 onE: 1 experienced; 2 difference;3 friendly; 4 beauty; 5 fashionable; 6 romanceF: Shopping:catalogue; Space: light year; Places to stay onholiday: bed and breakfast; Clothes: trousers; Daysof the week: Sunday; (and three more words orexpressions in each category)Reading1 1 C; 2 E; 3 A; 4 F; 5 D2 1 F; 2 F; 3 T; 4 T; 5 F 35
  • 36. Past Perfect SimpleA: 1had built-2hadn’t been-3had already done-4had made-5had put on-6hadn`t ordered-7hadlearned-8had fallen-9had he phoned-10hadn’t ridden-11had gone-12had built-13hadmoved-14hadclosed-15had changed Conditional SentencesA:1will do-2will help-3rains-4learn-5 would buy-6 would pass-7 repaired-8 told-9 would invite-10 isB: 1 would phone-2 will be-3 win-4 won’t know-5 walked-6 wouldn’t start-7 will buy-8wouldplay-9 doesn’t bring-10 carried The PassiveA: 1The film is watched by Mr. Jones-2 English is spoken by the people-3 Comics are read byhim-4 Volleyball is played-5 The song is sung by them-6 Photos are taken by me-7 Thehousework is done by her-8 The children are helped by the policemen-9 Text messages arewritten by him.-10 The flowers are watered by mother.B: 1 Four apples were bought by her-2 The match was won-3 The blue car was stolen bytheman-4 The thieves were arrested by the police-5 The 200 metres were swum by Jack.-6Theold lady was bitten by the dog-7 Five hamburgers were eaten by Tom and Max-8Thechildren were taught by Oliver-9 The brown horse was ridden by Victoria-10 Good storieswere told by grandmother. 36
  • 37. 37