• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Session 02   Alcohol
 

Session 02 Alcohol

on

  • 529 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
529
Views on SlideShare
529
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
26
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Session 02   Alcohol Session 02 Alcohol Presentation Transcript

    • Alcohol
    • Pharmacology of Alcohol
      • Absorbed without digestion
      • An irritant
      • Pushed into small intestine
      • Absorption dependent on …
          • Condition of stomach
          • Condition of liver
          • Body composition
    • Path of Alcohol 1. Mouth 2. Stomach 3. Small Intestine 4. Heart 5. Brain 6. Liver
    • Breakdown & Elimination of Alcohol
      • 95% urine 5% breath
      • About 95% of blood alcohol reaches brain
      • Stomach enzyme begins breakdown
      • Liver enzyme continues breakdown
      • Constant rate about 1 oz per hour
    • Alcohol and the Brain
      • CNS depressant
      • GABA-sensitive receptor effects inhibitory
      • Dopamine influences emotion, motor control
      • Nucleus accumbens effects
    • Acute Physiological Effects
      • Toxic reactions
      • Body heat loss
      • Inhibits fat breakdown
      • Diuretic effects
      • Cardiovascular risks
      • Inhibits REM
      • Fertility risks, FAE/FAS
      • Other drug interactions
    •  
    • Behavioral Signs of Intoxication
      • Swaying or dozing off
      • Dropping or spilling items
      • Clumsy, uncoordinated
      • Change in gait (stumbling)
      • Difficulty moving around objects
      • Bumping into objects
      • Falling down
      • Vomiting
      • Glassy eyes, lack of eye focus, loss of eye contact
      • Inability to pick up objects
      • Irrational, nonsensical comments
      • Rambling conversations, loss of train of thought
      • Becoming loud, boisterous, making comments about others
      • Annoying others with statements or behaviors
      • Becoming agitated or argumentative
      • Aggressive, belligerent
      • Crude behavior
      • Inappropriate sexual advances
      • Letting cigarette burn
    • Acute Behavioral Effects
      • Blackouts
      • Increased aggression and violence
      • Decreased sexual desire and performance
      • Decreased driving skills
      • Behavioral effects magnify with continued use.
    • Alcohol Effects … why they vary
      • Speed of drinking
      • Food in stomach
      • Body composition and weight
      • Drinking history and tolerance
      • Environment
      • Expectations
      • Emotional health
      • Physical health
      • Gender differences
      • Other drug use
    • Health Benefits ?
      • May aid in digestion
      • May increase ‘good cholesterol’
      • May decrease risk of …
        • heart disease, stroke, diabetes, dementia
      … at low doses!
    •  
    •  
    • Acute Effects of Alcohol Use
      • In low doses
      • a relaxing effect
      • reduces tension
      • lowers inhibitions
      • impairs concentration
      • slows reflexes
      • impairs reaction time
      • reduces coordination
      • In medium doses
      • slur speech
      • cause drowsiness
      • alter emotions
      • In high doses
      • vomiting
      • breathing difficulties
      • unconsciousness
      • coma
    • Chronic Effects of Alcohol Use
      • Tolerance
      • Withdrawal
      • Liver disease
      • Cardiovascular problems and disease
      • Cancer
      • Reduction in brain size
      • Dementia
      • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    • Alcohol Withdrawal
      • Psychological
      • Feeling of jumpiness or nervousness
      • Feeling of shakiness
      • Anxiety
      • Irritability or easily excited
      • Emotional volatility, rapid emotional changes
      • Depression
      • Fatigue
      • Difficulty with thinking clearly
      • Bad dreams
      Mild to Moderate
      • Physical
      • Headache
      • Sweating or clammy skin
      • Nausea, vomiting
      • Loss of appetite
      • Insomnia, sleeping difficulty
      • Paleness
      • Rapid heart rate
      • Enlarged, dilated pupils
      • Abnormal movements
        • Tremor of the hands
        • Involuntary, abnormal movements of the eyelids
      • Delirium tremens
      • Agitation
      • Fever
      • Convulsions
      • "Black outs"
      Severe
    • Questions?
      • What other mental health disorders may mimic or be mimicked by alcohol intoxication ?
      • What other mental health disorders may mimic or be mimicked by alcohol withdrawal ?
    • How about a break?