Chapter 12: The Musical


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  • Chapter 12: The Musical

    1. 1. Chapter 12Chapter 12 The MusicalThe Musical
    2. 2. On MusicalsOn Musicals ““American musical theatreAmerican musical theatre is our indigenous art our indigenous art form. We can’t claim drama,We can’t claim drama, ballet, or opera, butballet, or opera, but musical theatre is our verymusical theatre is our very own. . . . Musicals are inown. . . . Musicals are in our blood and in ourour blood and in our bones, are part of ourbones, are part of our collective personality.”collective personality.” Molly Smith, ArtisticMolly Smith, Artistic Director of the Arena StageDirector of the Arena Stage SaraKrulwich/TheNewYorkTimes/ReduxPictures
    3. 3. Musical Theatre GenresMusical Theatre Genres  OperaOpera  OperettaOperetta  RevueRevue  Variety showVariety show  VaudevilleVaudeville  BurlesqueBurlesque  Musical comedyMusical comedy  Straight musicalStraight musical  Rock musicalRock musical SaraKrulwich/TheNewYorkTimes/ReduxPictures
    4. 4. Scripts of MusicalsScripts of Musicals MusicMusic LyricsLyrics LibrettistLibrettist ComposerComposer LyricistLyricist Sara Krulwich/The New York Times /Redux Pictures
    5. 5. Broad Categories of MusicalsBroad Categories of Musicals  Book musicals Rodgers and Hammerstein Lerner and Loewe  Dance musicals Michael Bennett Bob Fosse Tommie Tune  Operatic musicals Andrew Lloyd Webber Stephen Sondheim
    6. 6. The Music of MusicalsThe Music of Musicals  Overture Previews the music from the show by playing a medley of tunes before the show begins.  Ballad Usually a slow love song.  Comedy number Designed for comic relief. ©MarthaSwopePhotography
    7. 7. The Music of MusicalsThe Music of Musicals Showstopper A big brass production number Reprise Repetition of pieces of a song or melody line MichalDaniel/Proofsheet
    8. 8. Stephen Sondheim (b. 1930)Stephen Sondheim (b. 1930)  West Side StoryWest Side Story  A Funny ThingA Funny Thing Happened on the Way toHappened on the Way to the Forumthe Forum  CompanyCompany  FolliesFollies  A Little Night MusicA Little Night Music  Sweeney ToddSweeney Todd  Sunday in the Park withSunday in the Park with GeorgeGeorge Robbie Jack/CORBIS
    9. 9. Opera: High Art and Comic ReliefOpera: High Art and Comic Relief  Opera  Originated in Italy in the 1500s  Reached its peak in the 19th century with composers like Wagner, Mozart, Puccini, Rossini, and Handel  Comic Opera  Developed from intermezzi  Gilbert and Sullivan’s opera are regarded by most as the epitome of this form
    10. 10. Early American MusicalsEarly American Musicals Vaudeville was its height of popularity from 1890 – 1920. Bettmann/Corbi s
    11. 11. Early American MusicalsEarly American Musicals  Ballad Operas  Began with John Gay’s Three Penny Opera in 1728  Minstrel Shows  Caricatured African-American plantation life in song and dance  Revues  Ziegfeld Follies was the epitome of this unique form of the American musical theatre  Extravaganzas  The Black Crook in 1866 spawned this unique form of musical that emphasized elaborate scenery and scantily glad female dancing chorines
    12. 12. African American MusicalsAfrican American Musicals  A Trip to Coontown (1898)  The Origin of the Cakewalk (1898)  Runnin’ Wild (1923)  Dixie to Broadway (1924)  Blackbirds (1926) TheMarylandHistoricalSociety,Baltimore,Maryland
    13. 13. TheThe Show BoatShow Boat (1927) Revolution(1927) Revolution  The quintessential American musical  Integrated book, lyrics, and music into a unified whole  Focused on serious themes in American culture  First musical to win the Pulitzer Prize  Established Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II as major figures in the development of the American musical The Ronald Grant Archive
    14. 14. Thoroughly Modern MusicalsThoroughly Modern Musicals  Porgy and Bess (1935)  Oklahoma! (1943)  Guys and DollsGuys and Dolls (1950),(1950),  My Fair LadyMy Fair Lady (1956),(1956),  The Sound of MusicThe Sound of Music (1959)(1959)  Fiddler on the RoofFiddler on the Roof (1964)(1964)  Cabaret (1966)  Hair (1967)  A Chorus Line (1975) Photofes t
    15. 15. Hooray for Bollywood!Hooray for Bollywood! The term “Bollywood” blendsThe term “Bollywood” blends “Hollywood” and “Bombay” and“Hollywood” and “Bombay” and refers to the cinema of India.refers to the cinema of India. An average of 800 films areAn average of 800 films are made every year in India, manymade every year in India, many of them musicals. That’s moreof them musicals. That’s more than twice the number of filmsthan twice the number of films Hollywood produces per year,Hollywood produces per year, making India not only the topmaking India not only the top producer of movies around theproducer of movies around the world, but also the top producerworld, but also the top producer of musicals.of musicals. Photostage
    16. 16. The Beginning or the End?The Beginning or the End? SaraKrulwich/TheNewYorkTimes/ReduxPictures
    17. 17. The Beginning or the End?The Beginning or the End?  RentRent (1996)(1996)  UrinetownUrinetown (2001)(2001)  Avenue QAvenue Q (2003)(2003)  WickedWicked (2003)(2003)  The 25th AnnualThe 25th Annual Putnam CountyPutnam County Spelling BeeSpelling Bee (2005)(2005)  Monty Python’sMonty Python’s SpamalotSpamalot (2005)(2005)  Spring AwakeningSpring Awakening (2006)(2006) EthanMiller/GettyImages
    18. 18. Curtain CallCurtain Call Depending on whom you talk to, the American musical is alive and well or on its deathbed. Music and theatre have been traveling hand in hand for thousands of years, and even though the shape of the musical can’t be predicted, there will be musicals as long as people like a story told with song. SaraKrulwich/TheNewYorkTimes/ReduxPictures