“ Your fortune is rolling up, rolling up like an avalanche! You must keep up with it! You must distribute it faster than it grows! If you do not, it will crush you and your children and your children’s children!
— Frederick T. Gates, to John D. Rockefeller. Gates became Rockefeller’s philanthropic advisor at age 38 in 1891
Most ambitious of Rockefeller’s philanthropic establishments; tens of millions of dollars
Aimed to improve education in the post-Civil War South, especially for blacks
Tackled poverty to improve tax base to schools by developing agricultural innovation and training
Improved American medical education
Front row, from left: Edwin A. Alderman, Frederick T. Gates , Charles W. Eliot , Harry Pratt Judson, Wallace Buttrick. Second row, from left: Wickliffe Rose, Hollis B. Frissell, John D. Rockefeller , Jr., E. C. Sage, Albert Shaw, Abraham Flexner . Third row, from left: George E. Vincent, Anson Phelps Stokes, Starr J. Murphy, Jerome D. Greene.