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Social web Ontologies


ISITC Hammam Sousse …

ISITC Hammam Sousse
APRIL 2011

Published in Technology
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  • 1. Semantic Web in Action: Ontologies for Social WebS. Garlatti10/09/09
  • 2. Outline ¢  Semantic Web ¢  Linked Data ¢  SPARQL ¢  Semantic Web & Social Web •  FOAF : Friend of Friend •  SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities •  SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems •  DOAP: Description of a Projectpage 2 Semantic Web in Action
  • 3. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  http://www.wasab.dk/morten/blog/archives/author/mortenf/ ¢  http://www.openlinksw.com/blog/~kidehen/ ¢  http://www.mkbergman.com/ ¢  http://fgiasson.com/blog/ ¢  http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/wiki/main/Main/Ods ¢  http://www.johnbreslin.com/blog/ ¢  http://www.wikier.org/ ¢  http://swaml.berlios.de/page 3 Semantic Web in Action
  • 4. Social Web : Web 3.0 Web 2.0 [SKOS] Semantic Webpage 4 Semantic Web in Action
  • 5. Social Web : Web 3.0 “I think we could...have both Semantic Web technology supporting online communities, but at the same time also online communities can also support Semantic Web data by being the sources of people voluntarily connecting things together.” Tim Berners-Lee, ISWC2005 Podcastpage 5 Semantic Web in Action
  • 6. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  FOAF (an acronym of Friend of a Friend) •  Is a machine-readable ontology describing persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects. Anyone can use FOAF to describe him or herself. FOAF allows groups of people to describe social networks without the need for a centralised database (Wikipedia) ¢  Everyone can create their own FOAF document and link to it from their homepage ¢  FOAF documents usually contain personal info, links to friends, and other related resourcespage 6 Semantic Web in Action
  • 7. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢ Resources •  http://www.foaf-project.org/ •  http://websemantique.org/FOAF •  http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOAFpage 7 Semantic Web in Action
  • 8. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  Social vocabulary •  Information about -  Person -  Social Network / Relations -  Groups (multiple) -  FOAF can be combined with other vocabulariespage 8 Semantic Web in Action
  • 9. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  Components (data) •  A way to identify persons across sites / services -  Privacy •  A way to describe social network -  Relations between people •  Email address (private) •  Hash of email (semi-public) •  URL’s (public)page 9 Semantic Web in Action
  • 10. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  Component (tools) •  Tools / services •  Data providers -  Opening up social media sites •  Data users / consumerspage 10 Semantic Web in Action
  • 11. FOAF : Friend of Friend <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"> <foaf:Person> <foaf:name>Jimmy Wales</foaf:name> <foaf:mbox rdf:resource="mailto:jwales@bomis.com" /> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://www.jimmywales.com/" /> <foaf:nick>Jimbo</foaf:nick> <foaf:depiction rdf:resource="http://www.jimmywales.com/aus_img_small.jpg" /> <foaf:interest> <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.wikimedia.org" rdfs:label="Wikipedia" /> </foaf:interest> <foaf:knows> <foaf:Person> <foaf:name>Angela Beesley</foaf:name> </foaf:Person> </foaf:knows> </foaf:Person> </rdf:RDF>page 11 Semantic Web in Action
  • 12. FOAF : Friend of Friendpage 12 Semantic Web in Action
  • 13. FOAF : Friend of FriendFLICKR TWITTERTRIPLES FROM Source Alexandre Passant FACEBOOKpage 13 Semantic Web in Action
  • 14. FOAF : Friend of Friendpage 14 Semantic Web in Action
  • 15. FOAF : Friend of Friend ¢  Some Tools •  FOAF-a-matic, by Leigh Dodds : Javascript form to generate FOAF files •  FOAFaMaticMark2, Java application for generating FOAF files. •  FoaF Explorer, FOAF browser in HTML. •  FOAFer, FOAF browser in HTML. •  FOAF.Vix to display FOAF files and to explore et their relationships.page 15 Semantic Web in Action
  • 16. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  SIOC (pronounced "shock") •  Provides methods for interconnecting discussion methods such as blogs, forums and mailing lists to each other. •  It consists of the SIOC ontology, an open-standard machine readable format for expressing the information contained both explicitly and implicitly in Internet discussion methods, of SIOC metadata producers for a number of popular blogging platforms and content management systems, and of storage and browsing/searching systems for leveraging this SIOC data (Wikipedia). ¢  Goal of the SIOC ontology: address interoperability issues on the Social Web •  SIOC adopted in a framework of 50 applications or modules deployed on over 400 sitespage 16 Semantic Web in Action
  • 17. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  “It just dawned on me that the burgeoning SIOC-o-sphere (online communities exporting and exposing content via SIOC Ontology) is actually: Blogosphere 2.0” – Kingsley Idehen, Founder and CEO of OpenLink Software ¢  “SIOC has the potential to become one of the foundational vocabularies that make Semantic Web applications useful” – Ivan Herman, W3C / ERCIM ¢  “A project that started back in 2000 called Friend-of-a-Friend (FOAF) represents relationships between people, as well as basic contact details. SIOC does this for groups: it extends the FOAF idea to being able to talk about whole groups of people. I am excited about SIOC because you can use that information to determine trust, to let people in.” – Tim Berners-Lee, Creator of the World Wide Web Source : John Breslinpage 17 Semantic Web in Action
  • 18. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  Resources •  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SIOC •  http://sioc-project.org/ •  http://wiki.sioc-project.org/index.php/Main_Page •  http://www.w3.org/2008/09/msnws/papers/sioc.html •  http://www.w3.org/Submission/2007/02/Comment •  http://www.w3.org/Submission/sioc-spec/page 18 Semantic Web in Action
  • 19. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  To fully describe the content and structure of community sites ¢  To create new connections between online discussion posts and items, forums and containers ¢  To enable the integration of online community information ¢  To browse connected Social Web items in interesting and innovative ways ¢  To overcome the chicken-and-egg problem with the Semantic Web Source : http://deri.org/, Slideshare hhtp://url.ie/e46page 19 Semantic Web in Action
  • 20. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 20 Semantic Web in Action
  • 21. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 21 Semantic Web in Action
  • 22. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities Source : http://deri.org/, Slideshare hhtp://url.ie/e46page 22 Semantic Web in Action
  • 23. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities Source : http://deri.org/, Slideshare hhtp://url.ie/e46page 23 Semantic Web in Action
  • 24. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 24 Semantic Web in Action
  • 25. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 25 Semantic Web in Action
  • 26. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  SIOC applications list •  http://rdfs.org/sioc/applications/ ¢  SIOC export tools for •  Blogs and forums: WordPress, phpBB, Drupal, b2evolution •  “Legacy” applications: mailing lists, IRC •  New media: Twitter, Jaiku, Facebook, Flickr •  Enterprise applications: CWE (collaborative work environments) Source : http://deri.org/, Slideshare hhtp://url.ie/e46page 26 Semantic Web in Action
  • 27. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  Explore more producers of SIOC data •  Sioku: -  SIOC data from Jaiku microblogging service -  http://sioku.sioc-project.org/ •  SWAML: -  Exports mailing list archives in RDF -  http://swaml.berlios.de/ •  OpenLink DataSpaces: -  Uses SIOC as a representation format for multiple social spaces -  http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/wiki/main/Main/OdsIndex/ •  Use the Semantic Radar extension for Firefox for detecting / exploring SIOC data: -  http://sioc-project.org/firefox Source : http://deri.org/, Slideshare hhtp://url.ie/e46page 27 Semantic Web in Action
  • 28. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 28 Semantic Web in Action
  • 29. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  http://swoogle.umbc.edu/ •  http://swoogle.umbc.edu/index.php? option=com_frontpage&service=search&queryType=search_swd_all& searchString=garlatti&searchStart=1 ¢  http://visinav.deri.org/ •  http://visinav.deri.org/list?keyword=tim+berners+lee&projection= %3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fxmlns.com%2Ffoaf%2F0.1%2Ffamily_name %3E+.%0A ¢  http://sindice.com/ •  http://sindice.com/search?q=garlatti&qt=term ¢  http://pingthesemanticweb.com/ •  http://pingthesemanticweb.com/ping.php?url=http%3A// serge.garlatti.free.fr/wordpress/index.php%3Fsioc_type %3Dpost%26amp%3Bsioc_id%3D126page 29 Semantic Web in Action
  • 30. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 30 Semantic Web in Action
  • 31. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  Consuming SIOC as Semantic Web data •  SIOC = RDF data •  Generic Semantic Web applications can be used: -  RDF APIs (Jena, Redland, etc.) -  RDF crawlers -  RDF browsers (Tabulator, Zitgist, SIOC RDF Browser, etc.) -  More apps: http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/SW-FAQ#tools •  Customised applications can provide more added value and / or better user interfaces: -  SIOC Explorer (faceted browsing of SIOC data) -  Buxon, etc.page 31 Semantic Web in Action
  • 32. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities ¢  SIOC Browser : •  http://sparql.captsolo.net/browser/ ¢  Semantic Radar: Firefox extensionpage 32 Semantic Web in Action
  • 33. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communitiespage 33 Semantic Web in Action
  • 34. SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities Creating SIOC data Using SIOC data ¢  SIOC APIs ¢  SPARQL endpoints, querying SIOC data •  SIOC Export API for PHP* •  ODS demo server and MyOpenLink.net* •  SIOC API for Java* •  #B4mad.Net SPARQL endpoint* ¢  Weblog, forum and CMS exporters ¢  Crawling and browsing SIOC data •  WordPress SIOC Exporter •  SIOC Crawler •  Dotclear SIOC Exporter* •  SIOC Browsers* and SIOC Explorer •  b2evolution SIOC Exporter •  Buxon* •  Drupal SIOC Exporter ¢  Using SIOC for new data •  phpBB 2.x SIOC Exporter •  Fishtank* •  Triplify* •  BAETLE* ¢  Other exporters •  RDFa on Rails* •  OpenLink DataSpaces* •  IkeWiki* •  TalkDigger* •  int.ere.st •  SWAML* •  OpenLink Virtuso AMI* •  Mailing List Archives* •  Talis Engage* •  Mailing List Exporter* ¢  Reusing SIOC data •  Twitter2RDF* •  IKHarvester, notitio.us and JeromeDL •  IRC2RDF* •  BSCW*, BC*, Corona* •  Sioku (Jaiku2RDF) SIOC utilities •  gnizr* ¢  Finding and indexing SIOC data •  OpenQabal* •  Semantic Radar •  BlogEngine.NET* •  PingTheSemanticWeb.com*page 34 Semantic Web in Action
  • 35. SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems ¢  SKOS •  Is a family of formal languages designed for representation of thesauri, classification schemes, taxonomies, subject-heading systems, or any other type of structured controlled vocabulary. SKOS is built upon RDF and RDFS, and its main objective is to enable easy publication of controlled structured vocabularies for the Semantic Web. SKOS is currently developed within the W3C framework (Wikipedia).page 35 Semantic Web in Action
  • 36. SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems ¢  Resources •  http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/WD-skos-primer-20080829/ •  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SKOS •  http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/ •  http://www.lespetitescases.net/skos-l-avenir-de-la-folksonomie- y •  http://websemantique.org/SKOS •  http://esw.w3.org/topic/SkosDev/DataZonepage 36 Semantic Web in Action
  • 37. SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation Systemspage 37 Semantic Web in Action
  • 38. SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation Systemspage 38 Semantic Web in Action
  • 39. DOAP: Description of a Project ¢  DOAP Description of a Project •  Is an RDF schema and XML vocabulary to describe open-source projects. It was created and initially developed by Edd Dumbill to convey semantically information associated with open-source software projects. It is currently used in the Mozilla Foundations project page and in several other software repositories. (Wikipedia) ¢  Resources •  http://websemantique.org/DOAP •  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DOAP •  http://doapspace.org/page 39 Semantic Web in Action
  • 40. DOAP: Description of a Projectpage 40 Semantic Web in Action