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  • 1. What is mental health? A state of emotional and psychological well-being in which an individual is able to meet the ordinary demands in life. Developed by prior exposure to environmental, social, psychological and physical factors. Mental illness is caused by chemical imbalances between neurotransmitters in the brain which may be controlled by therapy, medication etc.
  • 2. How do we know? Neurotransmitters (chemicals) are sent through the synapse to transmit messages. Includes: dopamine (mood, movement), serotonin (sleep, aggression). Malfunctions can occur due to little/excess neurotransmitter or malabsorption of neurotransmitter Research indicates that physical changes in the brain commonly occurs in mental illness.
  • 3. Against: Stigma towards Mental Illness“Process by which reactions of others spoils normal identity” Worsens mental health – negative thoughts. Barrier to treatment-seeking. Stereotyping and removing individuality. Reduce: Protest, education and contact.
  • 4. Different Views
  • 5. Positive Views
  • 6. Promotion: Mental Illness Happy Hour Weekly conversations via pod casts on the radio. Battles in our minds: Medically diagnosed conditions  everyday compulsive and negative thinking.
  • 7. For: Insanity Defense Criminal Trials: Insanity Defense Evaluated to determine if they can be held criminally responsible for their actions. Held not-responsible for actions due to mental health problems. Raised 1% out of felony cases, only succeeds ¼ of the time. Testimonies of psychiatrists and psychologists.
  • 8. Perspectives on this defense Through the patient’s eyes. Public idea of a “get-out-of-jail-free card”
  • 9. Negative Views
  • 10. Darwinism
  • 11. Why do people havedifferent viewpoints?
  • 12. Trial of Billy Milligan Evaluated by psychologists, having been found to have Multiple Personality Disorder/Dissociative Personality Disorder. 24 personalities were present in one body – sometimes not aware of one another’s existence. Sentences included accounts of rape and armed robbery. Trial was stretched over a period of 3 months to validate insanity plea.
  • 13. Why?For:- Holds people responsible for their actions.- Defense for the defenseless.Against:- Disables recovery.- Social discrimination.- Mental instability.
  • 14. Ways of Knowing Sense Perception: acknowledged differently by different people – negative or positive response to situation. Language: acknowledged in judicial system and court of law. Emotion: Both ethically unreasonable and reasonable. Logic: justifiable according to case.
  • 15. Personal Opinions
  • 16. Resources ! rapids/index.ssf/2011/06/editorial_how_changing_our_min. html article/a_widespread_stigma srv/local/longterm/aron/expert1123.htm insanity-defense-and-the-constitution/ mental_illness/ guide/info-mental-a.htm