Tok 1

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Tok 1

  1. 1. By: Nikki and Dhando
  2. 2. Gilbert Ryle - Behaviorism Mental states are identical to behavior. Zombies do not have mental states Zombies have behavior Zombies can’t exist, according to behaviorism
  3. 3. Functionalism Includes the explanation of behaviorism There is a connection between mental states and behavior What’s in between the input and output action Qualia
  4. 4. The Turing Test If a computer can do everything we can Why not treat it the same way It can be considered to have consciousness
  5. 5. Chinese Room Experiment Someone’s job to live in a room Receive chinese characters on paper through a slot in the wall Follow instructions and write something back Put it back through the slot Does not have any true idea of what it’s doing Programmed to reply with the correct symbol
  6. 6. Thomas Nagel ‘Imagine that one has webbing on one’s arm, which enables one to fly around at dusk and dawn catching insects in one’s mouth; that one has very poor vision, and perceives the surrounding world by a system of reflected high-frequency sound signals; and that one spends the day hanging upside down by one’s feet in an attic. In so far I can imagine this (which is not very far), it tells me only what it would be like for me to behave as a bat behaves. But that is not the question. I want to know what it is like for a bat to be a bat.’
  7. 7. The psychological part Emotions affect and influence intelligence greatly Technology/ artificial intelligence lacks a brain Technology cannot learn the way we/ animals can Technology cannot create but is created
  8. 8. What Mary didn’t know (Qualia) Mary was born into a black and white world Grew up only seeing black and white She learned everything there was to know about colors But never experienced it herself Scientist brought a tomato into her world She experienced it differently You won’t ever know everything about something without experiencing it
  9. 9. However…

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