Definition of Community Garden <ul><li>Non-residential, urban gardens that are often on </li></ul><ul><li>publicly owned vacant lots. </li></ul><ul><li>Space claimed by local residents as their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by the participants. </li></ul><ul><li>For the purpose of community building through </li></ul><ul><li>cooperation and collaboration in the creation of </li></ul><ul><li>Something unique that they can call their own. </li></ul>
Roles of Community Gardens <ul><li>Builds a sense of community </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and Health Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Starting point for other community involvements </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a sense of community and symbolic ownership </li></ul>
History of Community Gardening European Beginnings <ul><li>Early American Community Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Pingree’s Potato Patches- 1890s </li></ul><ul><li>School Children's Gardens- Pre WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Victorian Era “Garden City” movement- Pre WWI </li></ul>WWI- War Garden Commission Great Depression WWII- Victory Gardens
Today’s Community Gardens <ul><li>Differ in motivation and organization </li></ul><ul><li>Grass roots groups shape policy </li></ul><ul><li>Economic benefit secondary to social benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Has been shown to decrease crime rate </li></ul>
Seattle’s Comprehensive Plan NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SEATTLE, THE MAYOR CONCURRING, THAT: I. The City of Seattle will promote inter-agency and intergovernmental cooperation among agencies such as the Parks Department, the Engineering Department, the Housing Authority, the School District, Metro, the Port Authority, the Water Department, City Light, and the Department of Transportation to expand opportunities for community gardening; II. The City of Seattle recommends that P-Patch gardens be a part of the Comprehensive Plan and that any appropriate ordinances be strengthened to encourage, preserve and protect community gardening particularly in medium and high density residential areas; III. The City of Seattle will include the P-Patch Program in the evaluation of priority use of city surplus property; IV. The City of Seattle recognizes the economic, environmental and social value of the gardens and will attempt to provide budgetary support for the management of the P-patch program; and V. The City of Seattle encourages that expansion of the P-Patch program and outreach should give special emphasis to low income families and individuals, youth, the elderly, physically challenged, and other special populations .
Berkeley’s General Plan Actions: A. Secure more land and create long term stability for community gardens through purchase of land and long- term leases or other agreements. B. Increase support for community gardens through partnerships with other government agencies, neighborhood groups, businesses, civic and gardening organizations. C. Integrate community gardens into existing open spaces near areas of higher density residences that do not currently have community garden space, while balancing other open space needs. D. Provide administrative resources and agreements that enable community gardening groups to manage the gardens to the extent practical. E. Include community gardens as part of the open space planning for the remaining sections of the Santa Fe Right of Way.
Savannah’s Community Gardens <ul><li>Several starts, none surviving- </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for failure: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of symbolic ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Not originated or created by the participants </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of organization was top-down management </li></ul><ul><li>Participants were recruited rather than it being their idea </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of governmental support </li></ul><ul><li>No exception to the city ordinance against irrigation or building any structures on vacant flood-plain (FEMA)lots. </li></ul><ul><li>Community Gardens not valued or planned for by the City </li></ul>
FBI Crime Reports 1802.9 527.7 420.3 21 8.7 NEW YORK 7,746,511 4357.5 THEFTS 370.1 AGRAVATED ASSUALT 584.5 ROBBERY 61.7 RAPE 22.8 MURDER SAVANNAH 136,000 PER 100,000 PEOPLE IN 2001
Savannah/National Crime Statistics 2445.8 310.1 145.9 33 5.6 NATIONAL 6884 THEFTS 449 AGRAVATED ASSUALT 650 ROBBERY 58 RAPE 32 MURDER SAVANNAH PER 100,000 PEOPLE IN 2002
How Community gardens Decrease Crime <ul><li>Community gardens provide unique social benefits that are not supplied by publicly created & maintained green space. </li></ul><ul><li>Community gardens break down isolationist tendencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Community gardens create a sense of neighborliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Community gardens should be included as an addition to other activities supported by neighborhood organizations </li></ul>
Policy Recommendations for Successful Gardening in Savannah <ul><li>Exceptions made to existing limitations on FEMA lots. </li></ul><ul><li>FEMA land should be offered to neighborhood associations, garden clubs and to the gardening public. </li></ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental cooperation and support to help initial start-up needs of the gardens. </li></ul>