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  • 1. In the Name of Education! Copyright, Copyleft, Fair Use & The Teach Act G. Andrew Page, Ph.D. Assistant Professor College of Education University of Alaska Anchorage Spring 2007
  • 2. Why Copyright?
    • Who Own a Copyright? Creator of the Original Work
    • Transfers of Copyright
    • Work Made for Hire
      • Version 1: Employee/Scope of Employment
      • Version 2: Independent Contractor
        • Signed Writing
        • Specified List of Works
  • 3. Timeframe of Copyright
    • Works Created During or After 1978 Copyright Act
      • Life of Author Plus 70 Years
      • Work-For-Hire: 95 Years from Publication
      • 120 Years from Creation
    • Works Published Before 1978
      • Generally Maximum of 95 Years/Since 1923
      • Possibly Short Term If No Notice or Renewal
    • Works Created But Not Published Before 1978
      • Life of the Author Plus 70 Years
      • Effective Starting Jan 1, 2003!
  • 4. What is Fair Use?
    • Definition
    • The special conditions -- criticism, news, teaching or research -- under which all or portions of a copyrighted work may be reproduced without infringing upon the copyright laws.
    • The Four Factor Fair Use Test
  • 5. Fair Use Definitions
    • FAIR USE = is the guidelines for determining whether or not using a particular source is legal or a copyright infringement. The guidelines address the nature of the use of the material, the amount of the material the person uses, and the effect the use of the material has on the original material.
    • Fair Use = Use of information technology resources in accordance with this policy, within the rules of an individual MSU facility, and so as not to unreasonably interfere with the use of the same resources by others.
    • FAIR USE: Use of material in a way that does not violate copyright law.
    • FAIR USE = The legal limits for the use of copyright material for teaching, scholarship, and other public interest uses. See for a more complete interpretation.
  • 6. The Teach Act
    • iMovie
    • The Teach Act: If you have wondered about what is legal and what is not legal to use in a classroom you might find this presentation helpful. It is short and informative. There is no audio. mms://
    • Cut and paste the above link into a browser for activation.
  • 7. Copy
    • Copyleft is…
    …the Copyleft is a play on the word copyright and is the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions of a work for others and requiring that the same freedoms be preserved in modified versions. Authors use copyleft to allow anyone to use, share and improve the work as a continuing process… Source: 2007 G. Andrew Page
  • 8. Copyleft
  • 9. Creative Commons Creative Commons provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. You can use CC to change your copyright terms from "All Rights Reserved" to "Some Rights Reserved."
    • Creative Commons Website
  • 10. Resources
    • The University of Alaska Copyright Worksheet (PDF format) This worksheet provides a checklist to ensure you are meeting the standards.
    • The Teach Toolkit at North Carolina State A cornucopia of resources to help you and/or your organization become copyright compliant
    • The Teach Act: Finally Becomes Law Advice from a lawyer
    • U.S. Copyright Office Frequently asked Questions, forms and more.
    • Is Copyright Necessary? (2004) This is an article that appears in the peer reviewed journal First Monday .
    • Crash Course in Copyright: Website Designed for the University of Texas System
    • Portal to learning objects
    • Open Source
  • 11. Review
    • Fair Use = Use of material in a way that does not violate copyright law. Use the Four Factor Test .
    • Copyleft = Open and free to use material.
    • Creative Commons = free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry
    • The Teach Act
  • 12. Questions?
    • [email_address]