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SOLAR ENERGY CSP TECHNOLOGY TECHNICAL CONSULTANT
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SOLAR ENERGY CSP TECHNOLOGY TECHNICAL CONSULTANT

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SOLAR RENEWABLE ENERGY CONSULTANT

SOLAR RENEWABLE ENERGY CONSULTANT

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    SOLAR ENERGY CSP TECHNOLOGY TECHNICAL CONSULTANT SOLAR ENERGY CSP TECHNOLOGY TECHNICAL CONSULTANT Document Transcript

    • 1 Techno Renewable Energy Systems 304 Sai Leela Residency, Karthikeya Nagar, Nacharam, Hyderabad 500076, Mob: 9394882815, email,tresindia@gmail.com TECHNO RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS, CSP Solar Power generation projects Technical consultants, for Parabolic trough, Suntrack CSP Dish farms, 1 MW to 1000 MW HYDERABAD contact K.G.R.Rao, mobile 9394882815. TECHNICAL CONSULTANTANCY, SOLAR CSP POWER GENERATION .From 1 MW to 1000 MW IN INDIA, investor, PA 60 % to 80%, funded by various Indian Government nodal agencies, under Government India funding schemes, From JNNSM IREDA, MNRE, REC, IDFC, Rural electrification programme for villages, JAWAHARLAL NEHRU solar mission1 MW TO 1000 MW 10 years of Tax free, for IPP - PPA power generation projects, arrangements, (CSP) Tower technology, Parabolic Trough collector technologies from USA- specially manufactured first time in world with NREL approved technology with reflecting film bonded to thin metallic base, aluminum sheet from EU, for parabolic trough , new technology to India, 10KW, 20 KW, 25 KW Solar tracking Dish technology fitted with S.Engines , each dish, with mirrors produce 25 KW electricity, imported to India, Only, 30 % project Mirrors, tubes, imported rest fabrication process, available in India, All our technologies proven in USA. With projects in California, USA, deserts and running successfully. Producing more than 1500 MW and 4000 MW in other countries, We provide with various latest tested ,Molten Salt high temperature storage technology from USA 550 c To 650 C temperature for steam turbines storage for 8- 10- 12 to 14 hours heat collected in sun radiation energy storage technology to store heat and generate power in nights by solar energy, 1500 MW already projects running around the world, proved technology, contact K. G.R.Rao, Technical Consultant, mobile 9394882815. 1 gigawatt-hour (GWh) = 1,000 MWh or 1,000,000,000 watt-hours 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) = 1,000 kWh or 1,000,000 watt-hours 1 Kilowatt hour = 3413 British thermal unit 1
    • 2 85 % 100 % Government Funding Projects, Prime Minister funding projects. COMMERCIAL SOLAR FARMS, 1MW, TO 100MW INDUSTRIAL SOLAR SYSTEMS, 25kwh to 500 kWh SOLAR CSP – THERMAL- POWER PROJECTS. First Time in India 2
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    • 9 Hiking about a solar energy system for your home? Here's some good news. MNSE, IREDA, NABARD, Rural Electrification, has set aside millions of Rupees to help finance the installation of solar power systems for residents, businesses, and organizations throughout our electric service area. And that means you may be eligible for a loan from MNSE, IREDA, NABARD that can help finance 60% – 90% of your qualified solar power installation. 9
    • 10 Is a solar power system right for you? What should my business consider before moving forward? A solar electric system can significantly lower your energy bills, so you can increase your profit margin and put more money back into your business. It can also help your organization reduce its environmental footprint. 10
    • 11 But, if you’re thinking of installing a system and applying for the PSE&G Solar Loan Program, you should… • Operate your business in electric service area. • Have predominantly South facing, unobstructed roof areas without shading. It is ok too be East or West of due south up to a point – most sites will not be 180 degree due South. • Have a large enough installation area. A solar electric system requires approximately 100 ft2 of installation area per kilowatt. • Have a well-maintained roof that is, ideally, less than 5 years old. If your roof is older than that, you might consider replacement before installing a solar electric system. If your business meets these requirements, now is the time to make solar power a reality. Planning your solar power installation for your business. Here are some tips that will guide you through the steps you need to take before you contact TRES for financing. Step 1: Learn the facts. Step 2: Find a skilled contractor and compare costs and savings. We recommend talking with at least three different contractors/installers, and having each submit a proposal based on an on-site audit of your property. The proposals you request from competing contractors should allow you to make a direct comparison of all costs associated with system ownership, such as equipment, size of system your home can accommodate, and expected annual energy generation. Once you choose your vendor, you’ll be ready to… Step 3: Apply for Solar Loan financing. TRES will guide finance project loans approximately 60% – 90% of the cost of a qualified operating solar electric system. Your contractor will work with you to help you with the loan application and technical documents you’ll need to apply for financing. Thinking about a solar energy system for your business? 11
    • 12 Here's some good news. And that means you may be eligible for a loan from funding agencies that can help finance 60% – 90% of your qualified solar power installation. What’s more, unlike other loans, you can elect to have the Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs) your solar electric system generates to pay back your loan. Solar project loan has simplified and improved the loan approval and closing process. It’s now easier than ever to get a Solar Loan. It’s all part of TRES continuing efforts to encourage the development and installation of c Is a solar power system right for your business? 10. Loan applications will be accepted into the following segments: Greater than 150 kW up to 500 kW a. 25MW (non-residential) b. Up to 150 kW (non-residential) 17MW c. Residential 9MW 11. Loan applications will be accepted on a quarterly basis, with eight application periods over a two-year period. The first application period will begin as soon as practicable after BPU approval. The following table shows the initial proposed schedule of quarterly application periods: 12
    • 13 Application Period/Capacity Available (MW) Schedule Class % of Total Total MW Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Residential 17.7% 9 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.20 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 Non-Residential Quarterly Amount 100% 51 20% 20% 15% 15% 8% 8% 8% 8% Non-Resi 33.3% 17 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.2 =150kW Non-Resi >150kW 49.0% 25 8.1 7.4 4.6 3.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 =500kW Total 51 9.5 9.5 7.4 7.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 3.7 13
    • 14 IMPORTANT Over the years we've seen many solar panel manufacturers come and go, taking their warrantees with them, leaving consumers with failed products and no recourse. Just in the past two years, literally hundreds of new, non name brand solar panel manufacturers from all over the world have jumped on the solar bandwagon. The one thing that we know for certain from our eleven years of experience in this industry is that the majority of these new solar panel manufacturers will not exist within the next five years. You may find dealers who are offering these off brand solar panels at bargain prices describing them as "high quality solar modules" or "top of the line product" but the fact is that regardless of a U.L. rating or regardless of how well built a solar panel appears to be, the most important consideration behind the purchase of any solar panel is the financial strength of the name behind the product. Here at Value Solar we only offer top name brand solar panels from well established, very large manufacturers that possess the financial muscle to honor their warrantees. Buying non name brand solar modules may save you some money up front, but 3 or 4 years from now when those bargain brand solar panels fail and the manufacturer is nowhere to be found, any money that you saved today will be worthless without an enforceable warranty. No matter what solar dealer you buy your solar system from always insist on solar panels from large name brand manufacturers who are much more likely to be there decades from now to honor their warranty should you have a solar module failure. 14
    • 15 what is Energy? Section C. Measuring and Quantifying Energy 1. Conversion and Resource Tables Energy Conversions British Foot- Kilo- Kilowatt- Thermal Joules calories pounds calories hours Unit 1 British 1 777.9 1055 252.0 0.252 2.93x10-4 Thermal Unit 1 Foot-pound 0.001285 1 1.356 0.3238 3.238x10-4 3.766x10-7 9.481x10-4 0.7376 1 0.2388 2.388x10-4 2.778x10-7 1 joule 0.003969 3.088 4.187 1 0.001 1.163x10-6 1 calorie 1 kilocalorie 3.969 3088 4187 1000 1 0.001163 1 kilowatt 3413 2.655x106 3.6x106 8.598x105 859.8 1 hour Table adapted from "ELEMENTS OF PHYSICS 5/E. by SHORTLEY/WILLIAMS, 1971. Adapted by permission of Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, N.J. For example, this table shows that 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 3413 British Thermal Units (Btu). If you were to convert 15 kWh to Btu, use the following calculation: 15 kWh x 3413 British Thermal Units = 51,195 Btu 15
    • 16 Power Conversions Foot-Pounds Horse- calories per Kilo- Watts per second power second watts 1 foot-pound 1 0.001818 0.3238 0.001356 1.356 per second 1 horsepower 550 1 178.1 0.746 746 1 Calorie per 3.088 0.005615 1 0.004187 4.187 second 737.6 1.341 238.8 1 1000 1 kilowatt 0.7376 0.001341 0.2388 0.001 1 1 watt For example, this table shows that 1 watt = 0.001341 horsepower. If you were to convert 250 watts to horsepower, use the following calculation: 250 watts x 0.001341 horsepower = 0.34 horsepower 1 watt Conversion Factors Average Energy Content of Various Fuels 3413 British 1 kilowatt hour of electricity = thermal units (Btu) 1,008 to 1 cubic foot of natural gas = 1,034 Btu 100,000 1 therm of natural gas = Btu 138,095 1 gallon of crude oil = Btu 5,800,000 1 barrel of crude oil = Btu 149,690 1 gallon of residual fuel oil = Btu 125,000 1 gallon of gasoline = Btu 1 gallon of ethanol =84,400 Btu 1 gallon methanol =62,800 Btu 16
    • 17 1 gallon of gasohol 120,900 = (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline) Btu 1 gallon of E-85 =90,500 Btu (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) 135,000 1 gallon of kerosene or light distillate oil = Btu 138,690 1 gallon of middle distillate or diesel fuel oil = Btu 1 gallon of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) =95,475 Btu 8,100 to 1 pound of coal = 13,000 Btu 16,200,000 to 1 ton coal = 26,000,000 Btu 9,000,000 to 1 ton wood = 17,000,000 Btu 18,000,000 to 1 standard cord of wood = 24,000,000 Btu 6,000,000 to 1 face cord of wood = 8,000,000 Btu 1 pound of low pressure steam (recoverable heat) =1,000 Btu Measurement Conversions 1 short ton (ton) = 2,000 pounds = 6.65 barrels (crude oil) 1 metric ton (tonn) = 2,200 pounds 1 barrel (bbl) = 42 gallons = 5.615 cubic feet = 159.0 liters 1 therm = 105 Btu = 100,000 Btu 1 thousand Btu (MBtu) = 1,000 Btu 1 million Btu (MMBtu) = 1,000,000 Btu 1 quad = 1 quadrillion Btu = 1015 Btu = 1,000,000,000 MMBtu 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 1,000 watt-hours 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) = 1,000 kWh or 1,000,000 watt-hours 1 gigawatt-hour (GWh) = 1,000 MWh or 1,000,000,000 watt-hours 17
    • 18 1 standard cord of wood = 8 feet x 4 feet x 4 feet = 128 cubic feet = approximately 4,000 pounds 1 face cord of wood = 8 feet x 4 feet x 16 inches = 42.7 cubic feet = approximately 1,333 pounds Hickory (shagbark) 24.6 5,801 4,240 Maple (sugar) 21.3 5,788 3,680 Oak (white) 22.7 5,791 3,920 Pine (white) 13.3 6,394 2,080 *1 MMBtu = 1,000,000 Btu Adapted from Solar Energy Project "Heating Value of Wood" p. 2-13 in "Wood: Stored Solar Energy." Renewable Energy Activities for Biology. Albany, N.Y.: Solar Energy Project, State University of New York at Albany, n.d., and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Forestry. Forest Trees of Wisconsin: How to Know Them. Madison, Wisc., 1990. PUBL-FR-053 90REV. Average U.S. Household Electric Consumption for Major Electrical Appliances Annual kWh Consumption Appliance per Household Central Air Conditioning 2,667 Room Air Conditioning 738 Water Heater 2,671 Refrigerator 1,155 Freezer 1,204 Range / Oven 458 Dishwasher 299 Water Bed Heater 960 Clothes Washer 99 Clothes Dryer 875 From Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. "Standby Consumption Values for Residential Appliances," table. Internet. Leaking Electricity Home Page: eetd.lbl.gov/leaking. 1998. 18
    • 19 Wattages of Small- and Medium-Sized Electrical Appliances and Equipment Found in Homes and Schools Home Appliance Wattage (Watts) Home Appliance Wattage (Watts) Heating/Cooling Laundry/Utility Dehumidifier 645 Iron 1,000 Fans Ceiling 100 Vacuum Cleaner 650 20-24" Window 200 Oscillating 88 Portable Humidifier 88 Personal Care Portable Space Heater 1,500 Blanket 200 Water Bed Heater 350 Curling Iron 40 Hair Dryer Blower 1,200 Home Office and Entertainment Blower/Styler 600 Hood-Type 1,200 Soft Bonnet 400 Fish Aquarium Filter 10 Heating Pad 50 Heater 100 Pump 10 Home Computer 150 Shaver 14 (Standard) Printer Ink Jet 19 Toothbrush (Electric) 7 Laser 175-275 Movie or Slide Projector 150 School Equipment Wattage (Watts) Sewing Machine 75 Aquarium Pump 4 Solid-State Radio 15 Aquarium Heater 100 Stereo 110 Computer (Standard) 150 Television Color 200-350 Photocopier Up to 2,500 Black & White 40-160 Typewriter 60 Ditto Machine 65 VCR 40 Electric Typewriter Less than 50 Kitchen Film Projector 350 Blender 400 Filmstrip Projector 500 Broiler 1,500 Filmstrip Viewer 7 Can Opener 120 Opaque Projector 1,000 Coffee Maker 1,400 Overhead Projector 500-850 Corn Popper Printer Hot-Air Type 1,200 Ink Jet 19 Oil-Type 575 Laser 175-275 19
    • 20 Food Chopper 360 Record Player 30-100 Food Processor 360 Slide Projector 500 Frying Pan/Skillet 1,300 Tape Recorder 6-100 Hot Plate 1,100 Television Black & White 40-160 Color 200-350 Kettle 1,500 VCR 40 Microwave Oven 750 Mixer Hand 120 Heavy-Duty 210 Toaster 1,000 Toaster Over 1,350 Waffle Maker 1,200 20
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