We are providing quality Online Trainings on SAP TAO, QTP, BPT, SAP CRM, SAP ABAP, SAP Manual Testing (SAP SD, SAP MM, SAP FICO, SAP HR), SAP BW/BI, MANUAL TESTING, HP QUALITY CENTER and some other modules.
Hi all,We are providing quality Online Trainings on SAP TAO, QTP,BPT, SAP CRM, SAP ABAP, SAP Manual Testing (SAP SD,SAP MM, SAP FICO, SAP HR), SAP BW/BI, MANUALTESTING, HP QUALITY CENTER. Trainings for Freshers Job oriented trainings Technical supportTrainings will be provided with System Access & Material Contact: Ganesh Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.com Website: www.onlinesaptesting.com Blogs: saptaoonlinetraining.blogspot.com onlinetraininginsaptao.blogspot.com
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgPrerequisites for TAO 1.0TAO Architecture overviewInstallationTAO Connection settingsConfiguring TAOGenerating components in TAOBuilding Test ScriptsConsolidating Test ScriptsImporting and Exporting ComponentsExecuting Tests
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.comHere is a short checklist of the major areas: SAP TAO Agent for ABAP on the SAP Server SAP Scripting enabled on the server side using TCode RZ11 On each computer that needs to be set up with TAO: Client modules for HP Quality Center. QTP and the requisite add-ins & patches SAP TAO Runtime Library (RTL) SAP TAO Client Valid SAP TAO license key UI Scanner SAP GUI with Scripting Installed Scripting enabled on SAP GUI client side. In addition to the software Installation and Configuration, you will need to import the Component Library into Quality Center for the first time. The Component Library is a set of Custom Components created for interfacing with the SAP GUI and is located within the SAP TAO Run Time Library (RTL) You will need to use the SAP TAO Import/Export tool to import these components from the RTL to Quality Center.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgTAO Agent - ABAP based component that resides onyour SAP ERP server, called SAP TAO Agent forABAPTAO RTL - Contains Business Process Componentsthat has to be uploaded to QC in order to buildBusiness Process Tests in QCTAO Client - TAO Front endUI Scanner - It is an add-on for QTP. It scans most ofthe data in the screen and creates component
1. Launch the SAP TAO client.2. Navigate to the Connect window from the icon on the left hand menu bar.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.com. On the right hand side, fill in the information for your QC Server, User, and Password. Click Login. Fill in Domain and Project, and Save. Click on the Connect to Project button. Verify that you see “Connected to Project”
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgAvailable TAO Configuration settings are Inspect Import and Export Consolidate Log License Expert Settings4. Navigate to the Configuration link on the top right menu.5. Select the Import/Export tab6. Under Local Components Path: navigate to the location of the RTL Component Library and click on the Save button.
7. Navigate to the Import/Export tool from the left hand menu:8. Select the top level Components folder under Export test components to Quality Center, and click on the Export to QC button.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.com. Ensure that you can see these Components in Quality Center.Component Library: Buttons Body Screen Buttons Header buttons Application Toolbar Standard ToolbarCommon Functions Actions GUI Functions Buttons Text_Box Verifications
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgButtons Standard Toolbar Allication ToolBar Body Screen Buttons
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.comBefore you begin automating the test case, Test Case validation Ensure that you are accessing the correct system and client Ensure that you are able to follow the test case flow Ensure that the test case is detailed enough and resolve any questions you have with the flow. Data validation Ensure the data provided is working with the test case flow in the system and client you will be using to test.After you validate the test case, you are ready to create theTransaction Components associated with the test case.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgThere are 2 ways to automatically create components:1. Inspect tool: Enables you to select multiple SAPGUI screens and transactions for testing in an easy to use interface. It then determines whether these screens and transactions are valid and sends the valid screens to HP Quality Center.2. UI Scanner: a plug-in module for HP QuickTest Professional™, enables you to collect information from one screen at a time, and sends the screen objects to HP Quality Center as a component. The UI Scanner scans all objects in the screen including dynamically generated objects.
Using the Inspect Tool:A. ConnectB. ConfigureC. InspectA. Connection: On the left hand side, highlight your SAP Server and fill in the Client, UserID, and Password information. Click on the Test SAP Connection button to ensure you can connect to the server, the click on the Save button. Now you are ready to use the Inspection Tool.
B. Configuration1.Click on the Configuration link on the top right hand corner. Here you can specify: Generate Components to Local Path Upload Components to QC automatically Specify the component path to save to.
3. You should see a populated list of rows on the table on the right hand side. These rows represent screens configured in the system that are part of the TCode. For example, VA01 has 283 Screens that we can inspect. Add T-Codes Choose SAPGUI Dynpros Inspect
4.You can either select the screens individually by clicking on the checkbox on that particular row, or the select all button .5.After you have made your selection, click on the Inspect button:
6.You can view the log by clicking on the View Report link. Here is an example of how the report may look like: If screens fail the inspection method, we recommend you use the UI Scanner to scan those screens. Though you can see which screens have been imported through the Report, be sure to check in Quality Center to validate that the components have been created and imported. The naming convention of the Component created in Quality Center for the Inspector is: – TCode_ScreenNumber_Name – Eg. VA01_0101_SalesdocInitialscreenCreate
A.Open UI Scanner ScriptB.SetupC.Execute UI Scanner against any SAP screen(s).A. Open UI Scanner1. Open up Quick Test Professional.2. Navigate to File>Import Test from Zip File3. Browse to the path where you installed the SAP TAO Client (C:/Program FilesSAPSAPTAO Runtime Library (RTL)) and select the UI Scanner zip file.4. The UI Scanner code opens in a blank test in QTP.5. In the UI Scanner code, change TAOPATH to SAPTAO.exe on line example: C:Program FilesSAPSAP TAOSAPTAO.exe6. Create a Folder on the shared X: drive as UI Scanner7. Save the UI Scanner code as a QTP test on the shared Drive X:UI_Scanner **These steps only need to performed once as you will be able to open the UI Scanner directly from the X drive location here on forward.
B. Setup1. There are 5 setup parameters you can use depending on your specific needs:
C.Scanning 1. The UI scanner extractor allows the automatic generation of a component for a screen displayed by an SAP transaction 2. Open up Quick test Professional. 3. Open the UI Scanner you saved in earlier steps. 4. Login to the SAP Gui. 5. Navigate to the SAP screen you want to scan. 6. Execute the UI Scanner script with the SAP Screen “Active” 7. You should be able to see each field highlighted as the script is scanning through the screen. 8. When you see the popup screen with the button “Done,” click on the button. 9. You can repeat steps 5- 8 until you are done scanning the screens for your test. 10. The names of the component files have the same name as the screen’s name except for special characters such as “:”,”(“,”)”, etc. For example, if the screen’s name is “Create Sales Order: Initial Screen” then the name of the generated component will be Create Sales Order Initial Screen.After you create the components either via the Inspect tool or the UIScanner, you are ready to create the Test Case in Quality Center.
Import/Export componentsTAOGeneratedComponents Components in QC Select and Export
4. Navigate to the Details tab if it is not already selected. The Details tab should contain information on the test, the most important of which is the description of what the test process is. Other information that should be added includes notes for other testers developing similar scripts, or special execution conditions that someone executing the test would need to watch out for. Any data requirements should also be included here. Attached is an example: Details Example 5. Navigate to the Test Script view tab. This is where the BPT test will be built out using Business Components. 6. Click the Select Component button, located in the upper left corner of the Test Script view, to display the Component Tree on the right side of the screen. Select Component button
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.com. Set the necessary parameters values. Each component dragged into the Test Script area will show its list of parameters under the Input column. Clicking these parameter links brings up the dialog box as shown below, where values can be set for each parameter. Leave blank any parameters that will not be used by the script.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org To the right is a sample outline of the components you would use for a simple VA01 test. The next slides will walk you through step by step in creating this test script.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.comVA01 Example1. The first step is to Initialize Script. This points the test to look at a specific data table for data. In this example, we have the data table set located at: "X:DatatableVA01.xls“At this time, we would also create a data sheet called VA01.xls that resides at X:Datatable. This data table needs to be updated with values every time we reference DT_* in our script parameters.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Launch and Login component will Launch a SAP Connection and then login with the parameter values you have provided. Here, we are using variables that refer back to our data sheet.We use the preface DT_ in our parameter value to indicate that the value will be provided in the data table.3. The Goto Transaction has the parameter Transaction that you can provide a value for. This is where you would put your TCode.
8. In Step 8, we use the Select_Tab component which allows you to navigate to tabs in a SAP GUI
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.comAfter you create the test script, you are ready to Consolidate the test script.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Executing a script in this state will be time consuming,since each component needs to be loaded separately,and the libraries are loaded for every single component. In order to optimize the execution time, we need touse the Consolidator. The Consolidator takes a Test Script, and generates amaster component that includes all the QTP code ofevery component, into a single one. Quality Center, using QTP, only loads the libraries asingle time, at the beginning of the component, and thenexecutes the whole set of instructions without switchingbetween components.
1. Open the TAO Client2. Navigate to the Consolidate screen by clicking on the Consolidate button on the left hand menu.3. Navigate to your test case and select the test case.4. Click on the Consolidate button.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.com Once created, the Master Component can be found in the BusinessComponents tree, in the Business Components module of QC. In order to execute the test, it is necessary to create a new TestScript in the Test Plan, having the Master Component as its onlycomponent. Use this newly created test to execute the Business Process in theTest Lab module.After you consolidate the test case, you are ready to execute the testcase in Quality Center.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. In Qualtiy Center, navigate to the Test Lab.2. Navigate to the Test Set and add your Test Case to the existing Test Set.3. Select the Test Case and click on the Run button.4. Click Run again to execute the test.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: email@example.comEven though creating Business Processes Test Script using TAO might seem like a simple task, there are multiple factors and caveats that need to be taken into account:1. The initial Components base might prove complete for some BP’s, but there will surely be the need to create new components in order to complete all the scripts.2. Though the UI Scanner will automatically generate the required components, it might be required to manually modify the QTP code, or even to manually create a whole component.3. VB Script knowledge is welcomed, since sometimes, there might even be the need to create new functions in the libraries, or modify the existing ones.4. Make sure you always use the most up to date versions of the BCIE, UI Scanner and Consolidator tools.5. Before starting the scripting, try to manually navigate the Business Process, so every step involved is clear and complete.
www.onlinesaptesting.com Mobile: +91-8106488863 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgWe can parameterize data in three ways:In the Business Component.In the script directly.In a data table 1. Use MS Excel to create a data table 2. For every field in the component, create a column with name “DT_<variable_name>”. This variable name should match the name of the parameter that was specified in the component 3. Save the file in a folder 4. Point the data table path in the “Initialize script” pre-built component to the file created in steps 1-3.