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02   Chap 3   The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)
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02 Chap 3 The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)


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  • 1. The Physical and Human Environment Chapter 3
  • 2. What will I learn Today?
    • How to differentiate between the physical and human environment
    • To contrast different people-environment relationships
  • 3. Our Environment
    • Environment simply means the surroundings in which we live
    • It can be your block of flats, neighbourhood or school
    • The environment can be physical or human
  • 4. Environment Physical Environment Human Environment Things that occur naturally on Earth (eg. Mountains, Volcanoes) Environment which is man-made
  • 5. Physical Environment
    • The physical environment consists of physical features that occur naturally on earth such as mountains, rivers and forests
    • Physical environment can be divided as follows:
    • The layer of air that surrounds the Earth
    • The Earth’s solid and rocky land surface
    • The bodies of water on the Earth, consisting of rivers, lakes, seas and ice caps
    • The living environment that includes all living things
  • 6. The Physical Environment Land Landforms, rocks Water Rivers, lakes, oceans Air Weather, climate Living environment Natural Vegetation Wildlife
  • 7. Physical Environment
    • Largely made up of physical elements
    • Can you think of examples of physical elements around you?
  • 8. Human Environment
    • We need the physical environment to meet our needs
    • We obtain food from plants and animals, wood from trees and water from rivers
    • Materials we use from the physical environment is called natural resources
    • When we extract and use these natural resources we often change the physical environment
  • 9. Human Environment
    • Composed largely of human elements.
    • - Human modifications/ changes to the physical environment (e.g. building industries, offices, clearing forests for residential uses)
  • 10. Human Environment
    • We say that a human environment is formed when a physical environment is changed as a result of human activities
    • Some example of human environments are villages and cities
  • 11. People and the Environment
    • An interrelationship exists between people and the environment
    • The environment influences the way people live and people change the environment according to their needs
    • Physical environment has been altered with the help of technology
    • Technology here refers to the skills, knowledge and tools that people use to meet their needs
  • 12. Living in a largely Physical Environment
    • Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa – home to the !Kung Bushmen
    • The !Kung Bushmen have made few changes to the environment by only using simple tools
    • They use leaves from bushes and grass to make shelters
  • 13.  
  • 14. The !Kung Bushmen (Kalahari Desert- South Africa)
    • Use simple tools and technology (e.g. Arrows and Sticks)
    • Gather wild fruits by hands and hunt wild animals for food
    • Use leaves to build houses
    • Environment provides !Kung Bushmen with their needs
    • Kalahari Desert is still a physical environment
  • 15. Living in a largely human Environment Singapore
  • 16.  
  • 17. Living in a largely Human Environment
    • Singaporeans have modified their surrounding to a large extent
    • They have changed the physical environment to achieve a human environment
    • For example, Singapore uses land reclamation to overcome the problem of land shortage
    • Singapore is a human environment
  • 18. 1920 : View of Orchard Road looking towards Dhoby Ghaut showing the old Orchard Road Market
  • 19. Orchard Road now!!