The Physical and Human Environment Chapter 3
What will I learn Today? <ul><li>How to differentiate between the physical and human environment </li></ul><ul><li>To cont...
Our Environment   <ul><li>Environment simply means the surroundings in which we live </li></ul><ul><li>It can be your bloc...
Environment Physical Environment Human  Environment Things that occur naturally on Earth (eg. Mountains, Volcanoes) Enviro...
Physical Environment <ul><li>The physical environment consists of physical features that occur naturally on earth such as ...
The Physical  Environment Land Landforms, rocks Water Rivers, lakes,  oceans  Air Weather, climate Living  environment Nat...
Physical Environment <ul><li>Largely made up of physical elements </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of examples of physical ...
Human Environment <ul><li>We need the physical environment to meet our needs </li></ul><ul><li>We obtain food from plants ...
Human Environment <ul><li>Composed largely of human elements. </li></ul><ul><li>- Human modifications/ changes to the phys...
Human Environment <ul><li>We say that a human environment is formed when a physical environment is changed as a result of ...
People and the Environment <ul><li>An  interrelationship  exists between people and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Living in a largely Physical Environment <ul><li>Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa – home to the !Kung Bushmen </li></ul>...
 
The !Kung Bushmen (Kalahari Desert- South Africa) <ul><li>Use simple tools and technology (e.g. Arrows and Sticks) </li></...
Living in a largely human Environment Singapore
 
Living in a largely Human Environment <ul><li>Singaporeans have modified their surrounding to a large extent </li></ul><ul...
1920 : View of Orchard Road looking towards  Dhoby Ghaut showing the old Orchard Road Market
Orchard Road now!!
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02 Chap 3 The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)

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02 Chap 3 The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)

  1. 1. The Physical and Human Environment Chapter 3
  2. 2. What will I learn Today? <ul><li>How to differentiate between the physical and human environment </li></ul><ul><li>To contrast different people-environment relationships </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Environment <ul><li>Environment simply means the surroundings in which we live </li></ul><ul><li>It can be your block of flats, neighbourhood or school </li></ul><ul><li>The environment can be physical or human </li></ul>
  4. 4. Environment Physical Environment Human Environment Things that occur naturally on Earth (eg. Mountains, Volcanoes) Environment which is man-made
  5. 5. Physical Environment <ul><li>The physical environment consists of physical features that occur naturally on earth such as mountains, rivers and forests </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment can be divided as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>The layer of air that surrounds the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth’s solid and rocky land surface </li></ul><ul><li>The bodies of water on the Earth, consisting of rivers, lakes, seas and ice caps </li></ul><ul><li>The living environment that includes all living things </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Physical Environment Land Landforms, rocks Water Rivers, lakes, oceans Air Weather, climate Living environment Natural Vegetation Wildlife
  7. 7. Physical Environment <ul><li>Largely made up of physical elements </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of examples of physical elements around you? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Human Environment <ul><li>We need the physical environment to meet our needs </li></ul><ul><li>We obtain food from plants and animals, wood from trees and water from rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Materials we use from the physical environment is called natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>When we extract and use these natural resources we often change the physical environment </li></ul>
  9. 9. Human Environment <ul><li>Composed largely of human elements. </li></ul><ul><li>- Human modifications/ changes to the physical environment (e.g. building industries, offices, clearing forests for residential uses) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Human Environment <ul><li>We say that a human environment is formed when a physical environment is changed as a result of human activities </li></ul><ul><li>Some example of human environments are villages and cities </li></ul>
  11. 11. People and the Environment <ul><li>An interrelationship exists between people and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>The environment influences the way people live and people change the environment according to their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment has been altered with the help of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technology here refers to the skills, knowledge and tools that people use to meet their needs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Living in a largely Physical Environment <ul><li>Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa – home to the !Kung Bushmen </li></ul><ul><li>The !Kung Bushmen have made few changes to the environment by only using simple tools </li></ul><ul><li>They use leaves from bushes and grass to make shelters </li></ul>
  13. 14. The !Kung Bushmen (Kalahari Desert- South Africa) <ul><li>Use simple tools and technology (e.g. Arrows and Sticks) </li></ul><ul><li>Gather wild fruits by hands and hunt wild animals for food </li></ul><ul><li>Use leaves to build houses </li></ul><ul><li>Environment provides !Kung Bushmen with their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Kalahari Desert is still a physical environment </li></ul>
  14. 15. Living in a largely human Environment Singapore
  15. 17. Living in a largely Human Environment <ul><li>Singaporeans have modified their surrounding to a large extent </li></ul><ul><li>They have changed the physical environment to achieve a human environment </li></ul><ul><li>For example, Singapore uses land reclamation to overcome the problem of land shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore is a human environment </li></ul>
  16. 18. 1920 : View of Orchard Road looking towards Dhoby Ghaut showing the old Orchard Road Market
  17. 19. Orchard Road now!!
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