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01   Chap 1   Introduction To Geography (Jan 08)
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01 Chap 1 Introduction To Geography (Jan 08)

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  • 1. What is Geography?
  • 2. Geography is … all around us!
  • 3. Questions on your mind …
    • Are you interested in the world all around you?
    • Do you want to be able to make informed decisions about where to work, where to live and where to go on holiday?
    • Are you concerned about the environment?
    • Do you want to develop skills you will find useful long after you have left school?
  • 4. What does Geography mean to you?
    • In groups of 5 or 6, brainstorm the meaning of Geography.
    • You can put down anything you think Geography is about or related to. Take about 15 mins to brainstorm and put down the ideas on the paper provided.
    • When completed, the class will go for a “Gallery Walk” around the class to find out what other groups have brainstormed.
    • Finally, we will all conclude on the meaning of Geography!
  • 5. What is Geography?
    • “ Geography” - 2 Greek words
    • geo (Earth)
    • graphy (writing/ description)
    • It is a subject that studies…
    • Earth’s surfaces and processes that shape it
    • relationships between humans and physical environments
  • 6. Purpose of Geography
    • the knowledge and understanding of where we live, other places, how people and the places interrelate Earth’s surfaces and processes that shape it
    • the skills needed to carry out geographical study (eg, enquiry, mapwork and fieldwork) – 3Ws, 1H
    • interest in, and to encourage an appreciation of the world around us
    • develop concern for the world around us and an ability and willingness to take positive action both locally and globally
    is to develop …
  • 7. But, knowing one isolated geographical fact does not mean there is geographical understanding! For example: Knowing Mt Everest is the highest peak (8850m) in the world is not understanding geography …unless we seek to understand Why it is the highest peak? How is it created? How its location influences the political security, downstream flooding and access to water of the surrounding areas? Therefore, understanding Mt Everest in terms of the interlinked physical processes and human activities is then truly geographical understanding!
  • 8. Geographical skills for geographical understanding
    • Ask questions
      • “ where”, “why”, “what” & “how”
    Why does rain fall? How do volcanoes form? Where are the farms in Singpore? When will we run out of resources?
  • 9. Geographical skills for geographical understanding
    • 2. Gather information
      • Primary information (surveys, fieldwork, fieldtrips)
      • Secondary information (variety of sources like newspapers, reports, photographs, etc.)
      • Locate, collect, observe & record information
  • 10. Geographical skills for geographical understanding
    • 3. Organise information
      • Sorting and presenting the information in the forms of tables, charts, maps, diagrams or graphs
  • 11. Geographical skills for geographical understanding
    • 4. Analyse information
      • Find patterns, relationships, connections, similarities, differences
  • 12. Geographical skills for geographical understanding
    • 5. Answer questions
      • Reach a conclusion or understanding
  • 13. Geography is a most unique subject It encompasses many aspects of both Arts and Science disciplines. WHY?
  • 14. Generally, there are 2 broad divisions of Geography PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
    • study of physical features of the earth
    • describes distribution & processes leading to their formation of natural features
    • study of human landscape
    • describe and explain the nature and patterns of various human features and activities
    • examines relationships between humans and their environment
  • 15. SELF-REFLECTION
    • Using WS1, review and reflect what you have learnt today. 

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