American Innovation:
Where it comes from
and why it’s important.
in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn
The creation of better or more effective
products, processes, technologies, or
ideas tha...
in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn
A new idea, device, or method.
Innovation Timeline
American
1890
1890 Tabulating
Machine
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
Mouse Trap1894
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
Mouse Trap1894
Volleyball1895
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
Mouse Trap1894
Volleyball1895
Cotton Candy1897
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
Mouse Trap1894
Volleyball1895
Cotton Candy1897
Assembly
Line
1901
1890 Tabulating
Machine
Zipper1891
Tractor1892
Radio1893
Mouse Trap1894
Volleyball1895
Cotton Candy1897
Assembly
Line
1901...
1903 Airplane
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
?Which country only has one traffic light?
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
1916 Supermarket
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
1916 Supermarket...
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
1916 Supermarket...
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
1916 Supermarket...
1903 Airplane
AC Power
Plugs Sockets
1904
1905
Outboard
Motor
1912
Fast Food
Restaurant
1912 Traffic Light
1916 Supermarket...
1931 Electric Guitar
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
?How many McDonalds are there in the world?
32,000+
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
Soft Serve
Ice Cream
1938
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
Soft Serve
Ice Cream
1938
1938 Scuba G...
?What does the acronym “SCUBA” stand for?
Self Contained Underwater
Breathing Apparatus
SCUBA
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
Soft Serve
Ice Cream
1938
1938 Scuba G...
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
Soft Serve
Ice Cream
1938
1938 Scuba G...
1931 Electric Guitar
Franchising1935
Digital
Computer
1937
Xerography1938
Nylon1938
Soft Serve
Ice Cream
1938
1938 Scuba G...
1947 Transistor
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
?What does “supersonic” mean?
Faster than sound.
SR-71 Blackbird
Top Speed: 2,193 m/h
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
Hard Disk
Drive
1955
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
Hard Disk
Drive
1955
Industr...
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
Hard Disk
Drive
1955
Industr...
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
Hard Disk
Drive
1955
Industr...
?What does the acronym “LASER” stand for?
Light Amplification by
of Radiation
Stimulated Emission
LASER
1947 Transistor
1947
Supersonic
Aircraft
Cable TV1948
1950 Credit Card
Nuclear
Submarine
1955
Hard Disk
Drive
1955
Industr...
1959
Weather
Satellite
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
Liquid crystal
display (LCD)
1964
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
Liquid crystal
display (LCD)
1964
1965 Snowboard
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
Liquid crystal
display (LCD)
1964
1965 Snowboar...
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
Liquid crystal
display (LCD)
1964
1965 Snowboar...
1959
Weather
Satellite
1962
Light-emitting
Diode (LED)
1962
Computer
Mouse
Liquid crystal
display (LCD)
1964
1965 Snowboar...
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
?What does the “GPS” stand for?
Global Positioning Satellite
GPS
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
?What does the “MRI” stand for?
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
Digital Camera1975
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
Digital Camera1975
1975 Gore-Tex
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
Digital Camera1975
1975 Gore-Tex
1...
?Did you know?
The Space Shuttle is the most complex
machine ever built.
It has over 2.5 million parts.
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
Digital Camera1975
1975 Gore-Tex
1...
1971
Micro
Processor
1971
Personal
Computer
1971 Email
GPS1972
MRI1972
Mobile Phone1973
Digital Camera1975
1975 Gore-Tex
1...
1995 JavaScript
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
Nanowire
Battery
2007
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
Nanowire
Battery
2007
2008
Bionic
Contact Lens
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
Nanowire
Battery
2007
2008
Bionic
Contact Lens
2011 Stark Hand
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
Nanowire
Battery
2007
2008
Bionic
Contact Lens
2011 Stark Hand
2011 Medical Mirror
MIT Me...
1995 JavaScript
1995 Adobe Flash
Nanowire
Battery
2007
2008
Bionic
Contact Lens
2011 Stark Hand
2011 Medical Mirror
2012 G...
The first step to winning
American innovation.
the future is encouraging“
”-President Obama
en·cour·age Verb / enˈkərij
Give support, confidence, or hope to
(someone): "encouraging results";
"I feel encouraged".
in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn
A new idea, device, or method.
How is innovation encouraged in America?
Trademarks
and Patents#1
To promote the Progress of
Science and useful Arts, by
securing for limited Times
to Authors and Inventors
the exclusive R...
To promote the Progress of
Science and useful Arts, by
securing for limited Times
to Authors and Inventors
the exclusive R...
To promote the Progress of
Science and useful Arts, by
securing for limited Times
to Authors and Inventors
the exclusive R...
To promote the Progress of
Science and useful Arts, by
securing for limited Times
to Authors and Inventors
the exclusive R...
How is innovation encouraged in America?
Department
of Defense#2
Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency
DARPA
"The amazing thing is,
all these things started
with fundamental
research, they all are at
least 30 years old, and
every o...
?Did you know?
3.2 million
Largest Organization
How is innovation encouraged in America?
University
Research#3
The Nobel Prize is awarded
for outstanding contributions
in physics, chemistry,
literature, peace, physiology
or medicine ...
Reading
#1
Math
Science
#2
Students 15 years old
Reading
#1
Math
Science
#2
Students 15 years old
#14
#25
#17
Yet...
Noble Prizes
1 19 326
Total Awarded: 840
12
Noble Prizes
1 19 326
Total Awarded: 840
12
21 50 75 76
How is innovation encouraged in America?
Venture
Capital#4
Venture Capital is capital
invested in a project in which
there is a substantial element
of risk, typically a new or
expan...
Borrowed $25 million of Venture Capital money.
How is innovation encouraged in America?
Contests
& Prizes#5
American innovation2
American innovation2
American innovation2
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American innovation2

  1. 1. American Innovation: Where it comes from and why it’s important.
  2. 2. in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn The creation of better or more effective products, processes, technologies, or ideas that are accepted by markets, governments, and society.
  3. 3. in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn A new idea, device, or method.
  4. 4. Innovation Timeline American
  5. 5. 1890
  6. 6. 1890 Tabulating Machine
  7. 7. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891
  8. 8. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892
  9. 9. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893
  10. 10. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893 Mouse Trap1894
  11. 11. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893 Mouse Trap1894 Volleyball1895
  12. 12. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893 Mouse Trap1894 Volleyball1895 Cotton Candy1897
  13. 13. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893 Mouse Trap1894 Volleyball1895 Cotton Candy1897 Assembly Line 1901
  14. 14. 1890 Tabulating Machine Zipper1891 Tractor1892 Radio1893 Mouse Trap1894 Volleyball1895 Cotton Candy1897 Assembly Line 1901 Air Conditioning 1902
  15. 15. 1903 Airplane
  16. 16. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904
  17. 17. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor
  18. 18. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant
  19. 19. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light
  20. 20. ?Which country only has one traffic light?
  21. 21. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light 1916 Supermarket
  22. 22. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light 1916 Supermarket 1916 Light Switch
  23. 23. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light 1916 Supermarket 1916 Light Switch Bull Dozer1923
  24. 24. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light 1916 Supermarket 1916 Light Switch Bull Dozer1923 Liquid-fuel Rocket 1923
  25. 25. 1903 Airplane AC Power Plugs Sockets 1904 1905 Outboard Motor 1912 Fast Food Restaurant 1912 Traffic Light 1916 Supermarket 1916 Light Switch Bull Dozer1923 Liquid-fuel Rocket 1923 1929 Sunglasses
  26. 26. 1931 Electric Guitar
  27. 27. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935
  28. 28. ?How many McDonalds are there in the world?
  29. 29. 32,000+
  30. 30. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937
  31. 31. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938
  32. 32. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938
  33. 33. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938 Soft Serve Ice Cream 1938
  34. 34. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938 Soft Serve Ice Cream 1938 1938 Scuba Gear
  35. 35. ?What does the acronym “SCUBA” stand for?
  36. 36. Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus
  37. 37. SCUBA
  38. 38. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938 Soft Serve Ice Cream 1938 1938 Scuba Gear Microwave Oven 1945
  39. 39. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938 Soft Serve Ice Cream 1938 1938 Scuba Gear Microwave Oven 1945 Space Observatory 1946
  40. 40. 1931 Electric Guitar Franchising1935 Digital Computer 1937 Xerography1938 Nylon1938 Soft Serve Ice Cream 1938 1938 Scuba Gear Microwave Oven 1945 Space Observatory 1946 Cancer Chemotherapy 1946
  41. 41. 1947 Transistor
  42. 42. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft
  43. 43. ?What does “supersonic” mean?
  44. 44. Faster than sound.
  45. 45. SR-71 Blackbird
  46. 46. Top Speed: 2,193 m/h
  47. 47. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948
  48. 48. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card
  49. 49. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955
  50. 50. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955 Hard Disk Drive 1955
  51. 51. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955 Hard Disk Drive 1955 Industrial Robot 1956
  52. 52. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955 Hard Disk Drive 1955 Industrial Robot 1956 Videotape1956
  53. 53. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955 Hard Disk Drive 1955 Industrial Robot 1956 Videotape1956 Laser1957
  54. 54. ?What does the acronym “LASER” stand for?
  55. 55. Light Amplification by of Radiation Stimulated Emission
  56. 56. LASER
  57. 57. 1947 Transistor 1947 Supersonic Aircraft Cable TV1948 1950 Credit Card Nuclear Submarine 1955 Hard Disk Drive 1955 Industrial Robot 1956 Videotape1956 Laser1957 Carbon Fiber1958
  58. 58. 1959 Weather Satellite
  59. 59. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED)
  60. 60. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse
  61. 61. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse Liquid crystal display (LCD) 1964
  62. 62. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse Liquid crystal display (LCD) 1964 1965 Snowboard
  63. 63. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse Liquid crystal display (LCD) 1964 1965 Snowboard Cordless Telephone 1965
  64. 64. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse Liquid crystal display (LCD) 1964 1965 Snowboard Cordless Telephone 1965 Lunar Module 1969
  65. 65. 1959 Weather Satellite 1962 Light-emitting Diode (LED) 1962 Computer Mouse Liquid crystal display (LCD) 1964 1965 Snowboard Cordless Telephone 1965 Lunar Module 1969 1969 Laser Printer
  66. 66. 1971 Micro Processor
  67. 67. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer
  68. 68. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email
  69. 69. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972
  70. 70. ?What does the “GPS” stand for?
  71. 71. Global Positioning Satellite
  72. 72. GPS
  73. 73. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972
  74. 74. ?What does the “MRI” stand for?
  75. 75. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  76. 76. MRI
  77. 77. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973
  78. 78. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973 Digital Camera1975
  79. 79. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973 Digital Camera1975 1975 Gore-Tex
  80. 80. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973 Digital Camera1975 1975 Gore-Tex 1975 Space Shuttle
  81. 81. ?Did you know?
  82. 82. The Space Shuttle is the most complex machine ever built. It has over 2.5 million parts.
  83. 83. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973 Digital Camera1975 1975 Gore-Tex 1981 Space Shuttle Internet1983
  84. 84. 1971 Micro Processor 1971 Personal Computer 1971 Email GPS1972 MRI1972 Mobile Phone1973 Digital Camera1975 1975 Gore-Tex 1981 Space Shuttle Internet1983 DNA Computing 1994
  85. 85. 1995 JavaScript
  86. 86. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash
  87. 87. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash Nanowire Battery 2007
  88. 88. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash Nanowire Battery 2007 2008 Bionic Contact Lens
  89. 89. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash Nanowire Battery 2007 2008 Bionic Contact Lens 2011 Stark Hand
  90. 90. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash Nanowire Battery 2007 2008 Bionic Contact Lens 2011 Stark Hand 2011 Medical Mirror MIT Media Lab Medical Mirror http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LyWnvAWEbWE
  91. 91. 1995 JavaScript 1995 Adobe Flash Nanowire Battery 2007 2008 Bionic Contact Lens 2011 Stark Hand 2011 Medical Mirror 2012 Google Glass
  92. 92. The first step to winning American innovation. the future is encouraging“ ”-President Obama
  93. 93. en·cour·age Verb / enˈkərij Give support, confidence, or hope to (someone): "encouraging results"; "I feel encouraged".
  94. 94. in·no·va·tion noun / ɪnəәˈveɪʃəәn A new idea, device, or method.
  95. 95. How is innovation encouraged in America? Trademarks and Patents#1
  96. 96. To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  97. 97. To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  98. 98. To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  99. 99. To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  100. 100. How is innovation encouraged in America? Department of Defense#2
  101. 101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
  102. 102. DARPA
  103. 103. "The amazing thing is, all these things started with fundamental research, they all are at least 30 years old, and every one has led to a billion-dollar industry." -Victor Zue, director of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT
  104. 104. ?Did you know?
  105. 105. 3.2 million Largest Organization
  106. 106. How is innovation encouraged in America? University Research#3
  107. 107. The Nobel Prize is awarded for outstanding contributions in physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology or medicine and economics.
  108. 108. Reading #1 Math Science #2 Students 15 years old
  109. 109. Reading #1 Math Science #2 Students 15 years old #14 #25 #17
  110. 110. Yet...
  111. 111. Noble Prizes 1 19 326 Total Awarded: 840 12
  112. 112. Noble Prizes 1 19 326 Total Awarded: 840 12 21 50 75 76
  113. 113. How is innovation encouraged in America? Venture Capital#4
  114. 114. Venture Capital is capital invested in a project in which there is a substantial element of risk, typically a new or expanding business.
  115. 115. Borrowed $25 million of Venture Capital money.
  116. 116. How is innovation encouraged in America? Contests & Prizes#5
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