Hayden GallowayMs. BennettBritish LiteratureFishing Lures from the Beginning“Give a man a fish, you will feed him for a day. Give a man something to fish with, you will feed him for alifetime” (Chinese Proverb). Fishing started out as a means of attaining food. People did not use lures oranything of that nature, they used nets or live bait. There were few progressions through the centuriesas far as how people viewed fishing. Most thought of it as a way of making a living. It was not until thenineteenth century that fishing lures became widely used, and in this time fishing evolved into a sportthat is wildly popular in the United States. Although there was little change in the past there has been anexplosion relatively recently.(oldmaster85.com) There has been the most distinguished change in thefishing lures that have been created and then evolved to become the most efficient they can be, such ascrank baits, plastic worms, spinner baits, jigging spoons, and top water lures.Crank baits are used in many different situations today. The first crank baits were handmade and took along time to make. They were made out of wood whittled down to the desired size and a metal lip wasattached to front of them to allow the lure to dive downward while being retrieved. The lure would haveto be hand painted to try and mimic a baitfish. When fishing lures began being made commercially thelure became wildly popular because it was easy to use and was effective. When the treble hook, which isa hook that has three hooks connected by an eyelet at the top, was invented, it made the lure muchmore effective and widely used. Today they make many different types of crank baits that have differentcolors along with different sizes to appeal to bass in different conditions. When there was a greaterunderstanding of crank baits, producers started making different types of lips or bills on the lures that
made them more lifelike, and caused them to dive to deeper or more shallow depths.(Joe Bucher).Today a crank bait is found in most every angler’s tackle box.The plastic worm was introduced in the 1960’s. It was accepted largely because of its lifelike action.There is also a huge range of colors that are available, which make this lure extremely effective becauseof the differing preferences of fish from lake to lake. This means that a fish in Lake Allatoona may not beattracted to the same color as a fish in Lake Lanier. This lure takes finesse to use and can be challengingto master, but when used correctly can catch a large amount of fish. When this lure was first releasedthere was a limited amount of variations that could be chosen . In the short amount of time that it hasbeen on the market there has been a huge increase in the brands as well as the styles which it has beenpresented. In the 1970s there was a huge presence of the lure in the professional fishing scene. Todaythe plastic worm has given way to more lifelike, fast- moving lures that can cover more water in a shortamount of time. The slow technique , used on the lure, makes the lure a less desirable bait to use whilein a fishing tournament. Because of the slow pace, the lure is mainly used by weekend fishermen whoaren’t looking to catch a record bag in four hours’ time. ( P. Roberts).Today’s spinner bait originated from the rooster tail that was invented in the early twentieth century.Which was a simple piece of wire with a skirt, string like attachments, located towards the back and wasaccompanied by a treble hook that was attached by an eyelet. It had a cupped blade at the front thatwas attached by a swivel to allow the shiny blade to rotate, which gave a flashing appearance to a fish.This bait provokes an attack from the fish to protect itself. Eventually the bait evolved into a new andmuch different lure that call the spinner bait. It is made out a V-shaped wire that has a more lifelike skirtand weight attached at the bottom portion of the lure where a traditional hook is as well. At the top ofthe bait there is a much larger cupped blade that causes a thumping vibration along with the
flashing.(Cogner). The fast pace and ease to use makes the spinner bait a very popular fishing lurebecause it can cover cast amounts of water in short time, and still be extremely effective.The jigging spoon is probably the oldest unchanged lure still used today. The name of a jigging spooncomes from how fishermen used to take tea spoons and modify them by attaching a hook in some wayand use that as a lure. A jigging spoon is a lure that is shiny and heavy. It is used by dropping it down andpumping the rod up and down, hence the jigging. The flashing that is created by the lure causes fish tobite it, making it an extremely simple yet effective lure. Today jigging spoons are made from smallslender pieces of lead that have different colors of reflector tape on the sides of them for differentcolors of water. The lure also has a treble hook on the bottom side that makes it extremely efficient.This lure has stood the test of time with few but much needed improvement over the years, but is still auseful lure in any angler’s tackle box.Top water lures come in many different variations, but all do basically the same thing. The first populartop water lure was made by hand out of a piece of wood that was attached to a line and jerked in arhythmic pattern to give it the look of a dying bait fish. This technique is probably the hardest to masterout of all the types of fishing, but is also believed to be the most exciting because the fishermen gets towatch the lure be taken by the fish. Today top water lures are made out of plastic and have manydifferent modifications that make them more appetizing for the fish. One of these modifications is thecupped front of the lure that makes a popping sound when sharply jerked. The sharp jerking anddisturbance gets the attention of the fish, making them notice it from a greater distance, and canintimidate the smaller fish. Because of the limited number of fish this lure will attract the lure is bettersuited for fishermen who want to catch a trophy fish and are not worried about the number of fish theycatch. There is also a variation of the lure that has propellers at the front and rear of the lure that causes
a bigger disturbance on the surface. This causes the fish to perceive that the lure is a bait fish that hasbeen wounded and cannot swim correctly(Roberts).There are many different varieties in the lures that are on the market today. The crank bait, for example,is one of the most popular lures today. The crank bait is used by most every angler today from the prosto the amateurs. Plastic worms are the lures of choice for amateurs. Spinner baits are go to lures forpros that want to cover a large area because of the fast retrieve of the lure. Jigging spoons are the mostbasic and oldest of the lures. Jigging spoons have been made out as many different things as any otherlure. Because jigging spoons can be made out of many different things it is one of the most widely used.Top water lures are the most lifelike to the fish because they portray frogs and things of that nature themost accurately.