Lesson 1.3 Powerpoint

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Lesson 1.3 Powerpoint

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Lesson 1.3 Powerpoint

  1. 1. Mathematicians have established an order of operations to evaluate an expression involving more than one operation. Finally, do additions and subtractions from left to right. Start with operations within grouping symbols. Then evaluate powers. Then do multiplications and divisions from left to right. Using the Order of Operations
  2. 2. Evaluate the expression when x = 4. 3 x 2 + 1 Substitute 4 for x . 3 x 2 + 1 Evaluate power . = 3 • 16 + 1 Evaluate product . = 48 + 1 Evaluate sum . = 49 SOLUTION = 3 • 4 2 + 1 Evaluating Without Grouping Symbols
  3. 3. Evaluate the expression when x = 4. 32  x 2 – 1 Substitute 4 for x . Evaluate power . = 32  16 – 1 Evaluate quotient . = 2 – 1 Evaluate difference . = 1 SOLUTION 32  x 2 – 1 = 32  4 2 – 1 Evaluating Without Grouping Symbols
  4. 4. INVESTIGATING GROUPING SYMBOLS Without grouping symbols, the expression 3 • 4 2 + 8  4 has a value of 50 . 3 • ( 4 2 + 8 )  4 Insert grouping symbols in the expression 3 • 4 2 + 8  4 to produce the indicated values. When you want to change the established order of operations for an expression, you must use parentheses or other grouping symbols. You can insert grouping symbols to produce a different value. For example: = 3 • (16 + 8)  4 = 3 • 24  4 = 72  4 = 18 ACTIVITY Developing Concepts Using the Order of Operations 146 54 38
  5. 5. THE LEFT-TO-RIGHT RULE Operations that have the same priority, such as multiplication and division or addition and subtraction, are performed using the left-to-right rule , as shown below. Work from left to right. = (24 – 8) – 6 = 16 – 6 = 10 Work from left to right. = (15 • 2)  6 = 30  6 = 5 24 – 8 – 6 15 • 2  6 Using the Left-to-Right Rule
  6. 6. ORDER OF OPERATIONS First do operations that occur within grouping symbols. Then evaluate powers. Then do multiplications and divisions from left to right. Finally, do additions and subtractions from left to right. Using the Order of Operations
  7. 7. Evaluate power. Simplify the numerator. Work from left to right. Subtract. Simplify. Using a Fraction Bar 28 56 = 1 2 = 7 • 4 8 + 7 2 – 1 = 7 • 4 8 + 49 – 1 28 8 + 49 – 1 = 28 57 – 1 = A fraction bar can act as a grouping symbol: (1 + 2)  (4 – 1) = 1 + 2 4 – 1
  8. 8. Many calculators use the established order of operations, but some do not. When you enter the following in your calculator, does the calculator display 6.1 or 0.6 ? 1.4 SOLUTION 10.5 – 6.3 ÷ 2.1 – 1.4 = 10.5 – (6.3 ÷ 2.1) – 1.4 = 10.5 – (3) – 1.4 = 6.1 SOLUTION [(10.5 – 6.3) ÷ 2.1] – 1.4 = ( 4.2 ÷ 2.1) – 1.4 = 2 – 1.4 = 0.6 10.5 6.3 2.1 Evaluating Expressions with a Calculator – Enter –  6.1 If your calculator uses order of operations, it will display . If your calculator displays , it performs the operations as they are entered. 0.6

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