The Life and Work of Dr. Clarence O. Arey


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Powerpoint accompanying presentation on the life and work of Dr. Clarence O. Arey, given at the Annual Meeting of the Galion Historical Society on May 11, 2010.

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The Life and Work of Dr. Clarence O. Arey

  1. 1. The Life and Work of Dr. Clarence Oliver Arey
  2. 6. Buffalo, New York circa 1873
  3. 7. <ul><li>Born September 20, 1817 in Wellfleet, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Died December 13, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York (buried – Cleveland) </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate of Philips Exeter Academy and Union College </li></ul><ul><li>Educator </li></ul><ul><li>Private school in Virginia – left because of ill health </li></ul><ul><li>1843 – Private school in Cleveland (important move, as would connect Arey family to Cleveland and Ohio) </li></ul><ul><li>1847 – Principal of one of largest public schools in Buffalo </li></ul>Oliver Cromwell Arey
  4. 8. <ul><li>1848 – Principal, Central High School, Buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>1864 – Principal, State Normal School at Albany </li></ul><ul><li>February 1865 – Had severe head injury in a railway accident, and while recuperating took position as head of Natural Science Department at the state normal school in Brockport, New York </li></ul><ul><li>Summer, 1867 – Hired to be the first President of the new state normal school in Whitewater, Wisconsin – now known as the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater </li></ul>Oliver Cromwell Arey
  5. 9. Not only did Arey mold the new institution of higher learning, but he was also responsible for developing the state college system in Wisconsin. Arey left Wisconsin in 1876, returning to Buffalo to teach, and then became Principal of the Cleveland City Normal School in 1879. He retired in 1882. In later years lived in Cleveland, Rochester and Brooklyn
  6. 10. <ul><li>Born April 14, 1819 in Cavendish, Vermont, moved to Quebec at age 5, mother died at age 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Died April 28, 1901 in Brooklyn, New York (buried – Cleveland) </li></ul><ul><li>Father was a member of the Quebec Provisional Parliament, but fled to the US again after the Rebellion of 1837, settling in Oberlin, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained A.B. from Oberlin College in 1845 (delayed because of eye trouble) </li></ul><ul><li>Became schoolteacher in Cleveland, where she met and in 1846 married Oliver Arey </li></ul>Harriet Ellen Grannis Arey
  7. 11. <ul><li>While teaching in Cleveland, began writing poetry for local newspapers and national publications such as Willis and Morris’ Home Journal </li></ul><ul><li>1854 – Published “Household Songs and Other Poems” </li></ul><ul><li>1855 – Became editor of The Youth’s Casket and The Home while living in Buffalo – when replaced as editor, she started a rival magazine of her own, calling it The Home Monthly </li></ul><ul><li>When her husband took the position in Wisconsin, she became “Precepteress and Teacher of English Literature, French and Drawing” </li></ul>Harriet Ellen Grannis Arey
  8. 12. <ul><li>1884 – Published a book entitled “Home and School Training” </li></ul><ul><li>1880s – Editor of The Earnest Worker , the journal of the Cleveland Women’s Christian Association (WCA) – one member was Mary Scranton Bradford, mother of Ella Brown </li></ul><ul><li>Co-founder and first President of the Ohio Womens Press Association </li></ul>Harriet Ellen Grannis Arey
  9. 13. Albert Lewellen , born January 9, 1848 Alice Harriet , born July 10, 1852 Clarence Oliver , born May 18, 1857 Lewis Edward , born August 2, 1863 (died 1864) All children born in Buffalo, New York
  10. 15. Childhood <ul><li>Contributions to youth magazines </li></ul>1873, age 16
  11. 16. <ul><li>Class of 1878 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree in Civil Engineering (Brother Albert received same degree from same school; ended up as chemistry professor in New York), also coursework in literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chaplain of the sophomore class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished 3 rd in the “one mile walk” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Statistics of the Class of 1878” – listed as residing in Buffalo, 5’ 11 ¾”, 155 pounds, profession – “undecided” </li></ul></ul>University of Michigan
  12. 17. 1878-1879
  13. 18. Chicago
  14. 19. Years in Chicago <ul><li>Architect in office of William LeBaron Jenny 1879-1880 </li></ul><ul><li>William LeBaron Jenny </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Father of the skyscraper” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architect of the Home Insurance Building, built in 1885 – world’s first skyscraper (use of metal superstructure instead of stone and masonry) – demolished in 1931 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 21. Years in Chicago <ul><li>Architect in office of William LeBaron Jenny 1879-1880 </li></ul><ul><li>William LeBaron Jenny </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Others in same office – Daniel Burnham, Irving Pond (roommate and first person to score a touchdown for the U of Michigan), Louis Sullivan (who in turn hired a young Frank Lloyd Wright) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. Years in Chicago <ul><li>Architect in office of Burnham & Root 1880-1882 </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Burnham </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also lays title to first skyscraper – Montauk Building, built in 1882 -- demolished in 1902 (first building called a skyscraper) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At end of 19 th century, considered the preeminent American architect </li></ul></ul>
  17. 25. Martha Elizabeth Haywood Arey <ul><li>Born October 1856 in Bath, New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate of Cleveland (Ohio) High School </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Clarence Oliver Arey on September 17, 1884 in Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Died on April 2, 1938, buried in Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Children of Clarence and Martha Arey: </li></ul><ul><li>Lawrence Hayward , born July 14, 1885, died June 18, 1891 </li></ul><ul><li>Ellen Harriet , born 1886, had 4 children </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Grannis , born October 1, 1887, died February 10, 1888 </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Haywood , born September 7, 1891, died June 16, 1934 </li></ul>
  18. 26. A Cleveland Architect <ul><li>1889 – Joined the American Institute of Architects </li></ul><ul><li>“ His ability was pronounced, winning him an extensive and important patronage, and he followed the profession with growing success.” – A History of Cleveland (1910) </li></ul><ul><li>“ We remember the enthusiasm with which he entered the architectural field of Cleveland, and his aim to combine the training of an engineer with the experience of an architect.” – Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Vol. 17 (1896) </li></ul><ul><li>Three house designs included in “ Inland Architect ” </li></ul>
  19. 27. A Cleveland Architect <ul><ul><li>Photograph of a Double House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photograph of Residences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photograph of a Doorway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photograph of Adlebert College Gymnasium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photograph of Home for Invalids </li></ul></ul>
  20. 28. Body of Work Henry Wick Double House – 1885 – 3315 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland
  21. 29. Body of Work
  22. 30. Body of Work
  23. 31. Body of Work
  24. 32. Body of Work
  25. 33. Body of Work
  26. 34. Franklin Avenue Congregational Church, Cleveland Body of Work
  27. 35. Body of Work Adelbert Gymnasium – 1887-1888
  28. 36. Body of Work Jimmel Building, Cleveland - 1883
  29. 38. “ Shingle Style”
  30. 39. <ul><li>Burgeoning English decorative arts movement led by designers/architects such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh, George Devey, John Ruskin, William Morris, flowed into the “Arts and Crafts Movement.” </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to detail, and reaction to exaggerations of Victorian architecture and decoration, and particularly a rejection of machine-made building elements – hand-wrought pieces, interior writing and idiosyncratic decoration. Emphasis on rural, rustic architecture that blends with its landscape. </li></ul>Aesthetic Influence
  31. 40. Body of Work
  32. 45. A New Chapter <ul><li>June 18, 1891 – Lawrence Hayward Arey, age 5, dies of diphtheria </li></ul><ul><li>Clarence Arey makes decision to devote remainder of life to study of diphtheria, bacteriology and infectious disease </li></ul><ul><li>At age of 34, enrolls in School of Hygiene in Philadelphia, and the Univ. of Pennsylvania Medical School, graduating with an M.D. in 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>Practiced in Woodbury, Connecticut for 1 year, then returned to Cleveland. Frequent contributor to medical journals. </li></ul>
  33. 46. A New Chapter <ul><li>1893 – Named head of the Bacteriological Laboratory Government Experimentation Center </li></ul><ul><li>“ We recall the confidence which he won from the professors and physicians connected with the Western Reserve Medical College, where his active bacteriological work was conducted.” - Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Vol. 17 (1896) </li></ul><ul><li>Published works: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Water Supply and Sewerage as Affected by the Lower Vegetable Organisms” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A study of bacterial life in relation to sewerage, water supply and filtration” </li></ul></ul>
  34. 47. Dr. Clarence Oliver Arey died in his home in Cleveland on August 11, 1896 at the age of 39, just 5 years after the death of his son Lawrence. “ Honorable and upright in the smallest, as well as the largest matters entrusted to his care, he was one such as the world delights to honor. To his widow and his two little children we extend our heartfelt sympathy and commiserations.” Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Vol. 17 (1896) “ Dr. Clarence O. Arey, Tuesday afternoon. Funeral at his residence, 985 East Madison Avenue at 4:00 p.m., standard.”