THE EARTH , OUR PLANEt, IS COVERED IN WATER BUT ONLY A SMALL PART OF IT - A MERE 2 % - IS FRESH WATER.
Yet the distribution of water on the planet is not equal :there are areas with plenty of it, while other parts areeither completely dry or with insufficient supplies.
What’s more, it has to be shared.That means : less water for more people.
10 countries alone share 60% of fresh water available on the earth
Others , like Congo and Brazil , although they have big rivers, they yet lack infrastuctures to use the water.
BLOODY WARS ARE STILL BEING FOUGHT IN MANYAREAS OF THE WORLD OVER WATER POSSESSION
Everyone knows that water is the most precious resource in nature
The human body is made ofwater in a percentage of 65%
For this reasonit is importantto learnhow to use it.Water is to be used and not wasted
Italy is one of thebiggest waster offresh water in theworld. It ranks 3°after U.S.A. andCanada, nothavingtheir resourcesthough.
Italians consume 8 times more then British and 10 more than Dane and Swede
reducing theavailability offresh water unitfrom 2.700 to2.000 cubicmetres.
As it is not easyto work out how water should becorrectly usedwithout wasting it
a marker has been devised to measure the consumption of water. THE WATER FOOTPRINT calculates the amount of water needed for the production of food
How much water does a single person or a community need a yearto get enough food to feed themselves?
It depends mainly on the kind of diet you rely on. Vegetarian or meat eater?
As the agriculture needs 70% of the world available water
eating habits are essential to measure the sustainabilility of each of us
A vegeterian water footprint is about 1500-2600 litres of water a year
A meat eater water footprint is 3000-5000 litres a year
The reason for this is simple: in the food chain production, meat and its derivatives need a lot of water, especially for fodder
Better to get calories,proteins andfats directlyfrom plants
Water footprint: Products litres of water neededBeef meat 1Kg 15.503Olive oil 1 litre 13.353Butter 1 KgPork meat 1 Kg 5.553 4.803 Can you assessCoffee 1 Kg 4.738Ground nut oil 1 litre 4.234Legumes 1Kg 4.057Chicken/ turkey meat 1Kg 3.903Rice 1 Kg 3.440Pasta 1Kg 1.926Cherries 1KgSugar 1Kg 1.602 1.520 how much waterBread 1Kg 1.390Yoghurt 1Kg 1.264Eggs 6 units 1.251Milk 1 litre 1.033Wine 1 litreApples 1Kg 852 702 you consumeLemons 1Kg 644Grapes 1Kg 508Frozen vegetables 1Kg 324Beer 1 litre 317Potatoes 1Kg 289Oranges 1Kg 282Snacks 1KgSalad 1Kg 279 239 when eating ?Fresh tomatoes 1Kg 202Carrots 1Kg 197
Compare• Food nutritional aspects Environmental impact Good for you Good for the environment
Freshwater is a scarce resource; its annual availability is limited anddemand is growing. The water footprint of humanity has exceeded sustainable levels at several places .
There are many spots in the world where seriouswater depletion or pollution takesplace: riversrunning dry, dropping lake and groundwater levels andendangered species because of contaminated water
Water footprint reduction at homeAs a consumer, you can reduce your ‘direct water footprint’(home water use) by installing water saving toilets, applying a water-saving showerhead, closing the tap during teethbrushing, using less water in the garden and by not disposing medicines, paints or other pollutants through the sink.
What can be done? (10 useful steps to save water)• 1. buy local products ( 0 mile diet )• 2 eat seasonal fruits and vegetables• 3. cut on meat consumption• 4. avoid eating overfished species of fish• 5. eat biological food• 6. waste less• 7. buy products with little packing• 8. cut on food too elaborate• 9 drink water from the tap• 10 no wasting when cooking