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1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
1.2  chipset
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Transcript

  • 1. A+ Hardware
    Section 1.2 Chipset
    Made By : Gagandeep Singh
  • 2. What you learn today
    CompTIA A+ 220-701 , Section 1.2,
    Explain motherboard components, types and features.
    Chipsets
  • 3. Motherboard/System Board
    Everything begin and end on the motherboard.
    It’s a mobo, dude.
    Standard Sizes.
    Constant Changes
    - Chipsets
    - Bus Speeds
    - Cooling Methods
  • 4. Chipsets
    Several chip put together is Chipset.
  • 5. Intel Pentium D Processor
  • 6. LPC, FWH and SPI
    These terms are used on PC/x86 motherboards.LPC = low pin count interface (basically replaced the legacy ISA bus stuff)FWH = firmware hub (a chip/hub used to store the BIOS codes)SPI = serial flash chip using the SPI bus/interface (basically a FWH with less pins)Answers to your questions...1. LPC is usually part of the south bridge or ICH (I/O control hub), and the FWH and SPI are related to the BIOS ROM.2. We use these terms/alphabets when discussing the BIOS, hubs/chips or busses related to an x86 motherboard.3. LPC is a bus (or a port) that other circuits/chips can connect to on a motherboard. For example the PS/2 type keyboard & mouse ports (along with a few other I/O functions) are connected to an LPC-type chip which connects to the LPC port on the ICH. FWH are SPI are typically thought of as chips (some insist it's a hub). This is used to store the BIOS firmware/codes. For example, the Phoenix/Award BIOS or AMI BIOS (or other equivalent BIOS) codes are stored in this FWH or SPI serial chip.
  • 7. Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition
  • 8. Intel Core 2 DUO and QUAD Processor
  • 9. Northbridge Controller Hub
    Connects the CPU to memory and high speed graphic card.
    Modern Computer include cooling options:
    - Heat sink
    - Fans
  • 10. Manages Connections
    - PCI interface slots
    - Other Peripheral (USB, Ethernet, IDE etc).
    Onboard graphics controller.
    BIOS
    Southbridge Controller Hub
  • 11. Identifying Components
    Every Chip have Identifier.
    - Google is your friend.
    - “intel gd82559”.
    - Intel Network controller.
    Many components are associated with surrounding components or interface.
    - COM2:
    Serial controller.
    - SCSI interface
    Buffer memory

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