Immigration as Hunger and Poverty

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Immigration as Hunger and Poverty

  1. 1. 2013 National GatheringImmigration as a Poverty and Hunger IssueAndrew Wainer, Senior Immigration Policy Analyst
  2. 2. Immigration, Food Insecurity, and Poverty• A cause of unauthorized immigrationinternationally• As a consequence of unauthorized statusdomestically• Immigrants heavily engaged in foodproduction in Latin America and theUnited States
  3. 3. www.bread.orgHunger and Poverty in Mexico andCentral America• Guatemala: 51%; 26% lessthan $2 per day• Honduras: 60%; 30% lessthan $2 per day• El Salvador: 38%; 17% lessthan $2 per day• Mexico: 51%; 5% less than $2per day
  4. 4. www.bread.orgFood Insecurity in Mexico andCentral America• Guatemala: 4th highestpercentage of chronicallymalnourished children in theworld; 48% of children under 5suffer from stunting – UNICEF• Honduras: 60% of have highfood security vulnerability –Feed the Future• El Salvador: 40% of childrenfrom 6 to 11 months haveanemia – World Food Program
  5. 5. www.bread.orgPoverty and food insecurity amongimmigrants in the United States• 91% of Mexican immigrants said theyarrived in the U.S. “with very littlemoney” – Public Agenda• Unauthorized immigrant povertybetween 32% of adults; 51%unauthorized children live in poverty– MPI• Latinos have highest food insecurityrates in the nation (27%); Latino ruralimmigrants 45% food insecure – IowaState; Wake Forest; NCLR
  6. 6. www.bread.orgThe U.S. agricultural workforce• No other sector of U.S. economyis more dependent onimmigrants than agriculture• About 3/4 of all hired farmworkers are immigrants, bothauthorized and unauthorized,almost all from Mexico
  7. 7. www.bread.orgPoverty and food insecurityamong farm workers• Average family incomebetween $17,500 and $19,999- DOL• Seasonal farmworkers earnabout $10,000 annually,below poverty line forindividual - DOL• About half of immigrantfarm worker families live inpoverty – Wake ForestUniversity
  8. 8. Andrew Wainer, Senior Immigration Policy Analyst

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