O P450

1,809 views
1,719 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,809
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
48
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
87
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

O P450

  1. 1. Table 2. Research Article Sections (RAS), main functions, preferred style and related rules of RAS Main functions Preferred style Rules of thumb Title - indicates content and main - short and simple (7-10 - avoid complex grammar; discoveries; words); - make it catchy! - attracts the reader's attention; - purposive (aims at specific - avoid redundancy (quot;An audience); investigation of... quot;, quot;The analysis of... quot;, quot;Effect of... quot;, quot;Influence of...quot;, quot;New method...); Abstract - reflects the main 'story' of the - past (perfect) tense and - avoid introducing the topic; RA; passive voice(!) - explain: what was done, what - calls attention but avoids - short and concise was found and what are the main extra explanations; sentences; conclusions; - no citations, tables, - bring summary 'numbers'; equations, graphs etc. Introduction - introduces the topic and - simple tense for reffering - use the state-of-the-art references; defines the terminology; to established knowledge or - follow the logical moves; - relates to the existing past tense for literature - define your terminology to avoid research; review; confusion; - indicated the focus of the paper and research objectives; Methodology - provides enough detail for - past tense but active - mention everything you did that competent researchers to repeat voice(!); can make importance to the results; the experiment; - correct and internationally - don't cover your traces (quot;some - who, what, when, where, how recognised style and format data was ignoredquot;), establish an and why? (units, variables, materials authors voice (quot;we decided to etc.); ignored this dataquot;); - if a technique is familiar, only use its name (don't re-explain); - use simple(st) example to explain complex methodology;
  2. 2. Methodology - provides enough detail for - past tense but active - mention everything you did that competent researchers to repeat voice(!); can make importance to the results; the experiment; - correct and internationally - don't cover your traces (quot;some - who, what, when, where, how recognised style and format data was ignoredquot;), establish an and why? (units, variables, materials authors voice (quot;we decided to etc.); ignored this dataquot;); - if a technique is familiar, only use its name (don't re-explain); - use simple(st) example to explain complex methodology; Results - gives summary results in - past tense; - present summary data related to graphics and numbers; - use tables and graphs and the RA objectives and not all - compares different other illustrations; research results; 'treatments'; - give more emphasise on what - gives quantified proofs should be emphasised - call (statistical tests); attention to the most significant findings; - make clear separation between yours and others work; Conclusions - answers research - simple or present tense - do not recapitulate results but and questions/objectives; (past tense if it is related to make statements; Discussion - explains discrepancies and results); - make strong statements (avoid quot;It unexpected findings; - allows scientific may be concluded... quot; style); - states importance of speculations (if necessary); - do not hide unexpected results - discoveries and future they can be the most important; implications; References - gives list of related literature - depends on journal but - always cite the most accessible and information sources; authors/editors, year and references; title must be included; - cite primary source rather than review papers;

×