Antisocial<br />Antisocial personality disorder (which may sometimes be referred to as a sociopathic personality) is a disorder in which individuals show no regard for the moral and ethical rules of society or the rights of others<br />
Symptoms <br />Individuals with this disturbance show no regard for the moral and ethical rules of society or the rights of others. <br />Can appear intelligent and likable but turn out to be manipulative and deceptive. <br />They lack guilt or anxiety about their wrongdoing<br />When people with this disorder behave in a way that injures someone else, they understand intellectually that they have caused harm but feel no remorse.<br />
Demographics<br />This disorder usually begins in childhood or as a teen and continues into their adult lives. <br />This disorder affects more males (3 percent) then women (1 percent) in the general population<br />Usually by the age of 15 they are able to tell if a person has this disorder, but they are not able to diagnose them until they are 18 years old. <br />
Possible Causes<br /><ul><li>Inability to experience emotions appropriately
People coming from lower socioeconomic groups</li></ul>They are not exactly able to pinpoint the specific causes of this disorder, and they say that it is likely some combination of factors are the responsible.<br />
The Therapy<br />Aim- Cognitive Approach<br />Cognitive therapy teaches us how to think in more adaptive ways by changing their misinterpretations about the world and themselves.<br />Cognitive therapy is veryconfrontational and challenging in this disorder because the patient may try to manipulate the therapist.<br />Therapists try to encourage gathering information on the patients own<br />They use cognitive appraisal: clients are asked to evaluate situations, themselves and others in terms of their memories, values, beliefs, thoughts and expectations. <br />They hope this will lead them to abandon their line of thinking and find a more realistic one. <br />
Procedures <br />Short term therapy, max of twenty sessions<br />The sessions are problem focused<br />Therapist sometimes start by teaching the theories of the therapy to the patient<br />They then actively participate while the patient continues therapy acting like a teacher, coach and partner<br />
Cognitive Theory<br />The cognitive therapy’s major goal is to help the patient understand how he creates his own problems and how his distorted perceptions prevent him from seeing himself the way others view him<br />This is because cognitive therapists believe that we are our thoughts. The “idealized self is made up of beliefs about how we should feel, think, or act”.<br />
Cognitive Theory<br />The therapist can make the patient recover through changing the patients’ schema about situations in which they are likely to re-offend. This can be realized by changing more fundamental components of a patient’s belief system, such that they develop a socially acceptable life goal, or by focusing on specific situations and teaching acceptable behavior context. <br />
Citation<br />PsychCentral. Antisocial Personality Disorder. PsychCentral Staff. 1994. http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx7.htm<br />Ball, James. Possibilities of Treatment for Severe Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychopathy. Web. 15 Apr. 2011. <Possibilities of treatment for Severe Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychopathy>.<br />The Good Son (DVD Video, 2003) [WorldCat.org]. WorldCat.org: The World's Largest Library Catalog. Web. 13 Apr. 2011<br />
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