Worksheet observation inference hypothesis

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Worksheet observation inference hypothesis

  1. 1. Name _______________________________________________________________Group___ Observations, Inferences and Hypotheses 1) Write a brief definition for: a) Observation: b) Inference: c) Hypothesis 2)A 500 ml. beaker is placed on a counter at one side of the classroom. The beaker is filled to about half full with a liquid and allowed to remain there for one week. During this time you make as many observations and related statements about the beaker and contents as you can. Listed below are some statements that have been made by others. Read their statements and identify which are observations, inferences or hypotheses. Statements Observation Inference Hypothesis 1. On the first day the volume of liquid was about 200 milliliters. 2. The beaker looks and feels like glass. 3. The beaker is glass. 4. The liquid appears clear ; you can see through it. 5. The liquid has a sweet odor. 6. Chemical analysis would reveal the presence of peppermint oil in the liquid. 7. All clear, transparent liquids have a sweet odor. 8. On the third day the volume of the liquid was 100 ml.. 9. 100 ml. of the liquid must have evaporated during the first three days. 10. Someone drank 100 ml. of the liquid during the first three days. 11. Liquids decrease in volume when allowed to stand in an open container for any length of time.
  2. 2. MAKE 3 OBSERVATIONS AND 1 INFERENCE 4) ) Write a hypothesis for the following research problem. Identify the dependent and independent variable for each. a)What effect does high temperature have on radish germination? Independent variable: Dependent variable: Identify the dependent and independent variable for each of the following hypothesis B) If plants are watered, then growth height will increase. Independent variable: Dependent variable: C) If trees have leaves, then bird nests will increase. Independent variable: Dependent variable: D) If calcium is given, then bone strength will increase. Independent variable: Dependent variable:

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