World War I 1914-1919 By: Gaby Rodriguez Stasha Smith
Life and Death in the Trenches
During the day, snipers and artillery observers in balloons made movement risky, so the trenches were mostly quiet.
Really busy during the night
The cover of darkness allowed the movement of troops and supplies
The greatest killer was disease.
Sanitary conditions were poor
Diseases like typhus and cholera
Poor hygiene also led to conditions like trench mouth and trench foot.
Continued … Trenches
There were rat infestations
Millions of rats infested the trenches
Two types of rats: the brown and the black rat.
The brown rat was mostly feared because they fed themselves on human remains and could grow to the size of a cat.
Lice would breed in the seams of filthy clothing
Caused men to itch unceasingly, causing Trench Fever.
Weapons of War- Poison Gas
The French were the first ones to use gas
April 22nd 1915 the first poison gas, chlorine, was used.
Effects were severe
Within seconds of inhaling its vapor it destroyed the victim’s respiratory organs, bringing choking attacks.
Phosgene- caused victims to violently cough and choke.
Mustard Gas- an odorless chemical
Brought serious blisters both internally and externally
Protection against it was difficult
Chemical remained potent in soil for weeks after release
The Germans army ended the war as the heaviest user of gas.
Casualties From Gas- The Numbers 1,000 10,000 Others 1,462 72,807 USA 56,000 419,340 Russia 4,627 60,000 Italy 9,000 200,000 Germany 8,000 190,000 France 8,109 188,706 British Empire 3,000 100,000 Austria-Hungary Death Total Causalities Country
Weapons of War- Tanks
History with the tanks was made on September 15 1916, when Captain H. W. Mortimore guided a D1 tank into action at the notorious Delville Wood.
They were usually used for fighting the trench warfare.
They sometimes broke down and became ditched
The tanks were hot inside from the heat generated and fumes often nearly choked the men inside.
Weapons of War- Trench Mortars
The Mortar: a sort, stumpy tube designed to fire a projectile at a steep angle so that it falls straight down on the enemy.
It could be fired from the safety of the trench.
Lighter and more mobile than other artillery pieces.
The Stroke Mortar was 3 inches in size and weighted around 4.5 kg.
They could fire as many as 22 bombs per minute and had a maximum range of 1,200 yards.
World War I Propaganda
Were used to justify involvement to their own populace, but also as a means of procuring…
Resources to sustain the military campaign
Women in World War I
Women served as Physical and Occupational Therapists.
They served as nurses
At least three of them were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross
The nations second highest military honor
During the war women were to be found mostly at the home or helping the wounded
The only woman soldier enlisted in the British Army
Managed to pass herself as a man.
20 year old ambitious journalist
Joined in 1915
Gave herself in after 10 days worried about the safety of these man
Had to endure an absurd interrogatory
Authorities thought she was a ‘camp follower’, or a prostitute
We remember them … in Kansas: National World War I Museum at Liberty Memorial
World War I museum opened up on December 2, 2006
Imagined as a future possibility by the people of Kansas City.