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2013 05 18 safe host conference codice mondiale_di_etica_del_turismo_fabrizi_eng

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Sexual tourism against minors is a world plague that encompasses mainly the south east Asian region, Latin America, Africa and eastern Europe. Western countries are those which register the biggest …

Sexual tourism against minors is a world plague that encompasses mainly the south east Asian region, Latin America, Africa and eastern Europe. Western countries are those which register the biggest outgoing fluxes. Sexual tourists abuse of the common channels and networks of tourism to reach their victims. Companies and workers in the sector may play an important role in the prevention and struggle against this practice. To be able to do this, they must learn how to identify and prevent it, they need to possess the knowledge and skills to identify it and have the tools to actively prevent those who exploit and those that make use of this practice from making use of tourist services to reach their victims. To Favor the establishment of a permanent social dialogue platform for tourism, encouraging the exchange and synergies between social parts throughout the whole supply chain, starting from the exchange of actions for the fight against child exploitation in the tourism sector, and the adoption of Directive 2011/92/EU. Analyze the ways in which services and tourism channels are used for illegal aims and identify changes linked with use of information and communication technologies. Evaluate good practices that social parts, individually or jointly, have enacted to prevent and fight against this phenomenon. Equip the tourism industry with innovative and practical tools for the struggle against child sexual exploitation throughout the whole supply chain.
Il turismo sessuale a danno dei minori è una piaga mondiale che attanaglia in modo particolare Sud-est asiatico, America Latina, Africa ed Europa orientale. I paesi occidentali sono quelli da cui si registrano i maggiori flussi in partenza. I turisti sessuali abusano dei canali e delle reti del turismo per raggiungere le loro vittime. Imprese e lavoratori del settore possono giocare un ruolo prezioso per prevenire e contrastare il fenomeno. Per farlo essi devono imparare a riconoscerlo e a prevenirlo, devono cioè avere le conoscenze e le competenze per identificarlo ed essere dotati di strumenti concreti per impedire a sfruttatori e clienti di utilizzare i servizi turistici per raggiungere le loro vittime. Favorire l’istituzione del tavolo di dialogo sociale europeo del turismo incoraggiando gli scambi e le sinergie tra gli attori sociali di tutta la filiera, a partire dalla condivisione di azioni per la lotta allo sfruttamento sessuale dei minori nel turismo e l’attuazione della Direttiva 2011/92/UE sul tema.Analizzare le modalità con cui i servizi e i canali del turismo vengono utilizzati per scopi impropri e identificare i cambiamenti legati all’uso delle tecnologie di informazione e comunicazione Censire le buone pratiche che le parti sociali individualmente o collegialmente hanno messo in campo per prevenire e contrastare il fenomeno. Dotare l’industria del turismo di strumenti innovativi e pratici per il contrasto allo sfruttamento sessuale dei minori lungo tutta la filiera

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  • 1. Tourism policies departmentSAFE HOST:“Social Partners Together Against SexualExploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism”Fortezza Da Basso, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Office of the Prime Minister
  • 2. The global code of ethics for tourism has been approved bythe UNWTO General Assembly in 1999, and wasofficially adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2001.Global code of Ethics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 3. Global code of Ethics for TourismGlobal code of Ethics for TourismThe code contains a series of principles aimed atspreading a culture of hospitality, encounters andmutual respect among different cultures and people,and the promotion of a responsible and sustainabletourism, for the defence of the environment and of theimmaterial cultural heritage.The Code is addressed to all those that work in thetourism sector, which may adopt it on a voluntary andnon binding basis, with the aim of performingactivities in an ethical way.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 4. The code is composed of written rules addressed toworkers of the tourism sector (central and localGovernment, local communities, tourism industry andprofessionals, including individual tourists).Article 10 is particularly interesting, giving indicationson the implementation of the codes principles,referring to public and private actor, and tointernational institutions.Global code of Ethics for TourismGlobal code of Ethics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 5. • Art.1: Tourism as a tool of understanding and respect among peoples andsocieties• Art.2: Tourism as a means to achieve individual and collective aims• Art.3: Tourism as a sustainable development factor• Art.4: Tourism as fruition of the human cultural heritage and support towardsits enrichmentArt.5: Tourism as an convenient activity for countries and hosting communities• Art.6: Obligations of tourism sector actors• Art.7: Right to Tourism• Art.8: Freedom of movement for tourism reasons• Art.9: Tourism sector workers and employers rights• Art.10: Implementation of Code principlesGlobal code of Ethics for TourismGlobal code of Ethics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 6. Global code of Ethics for TourismGlobal code of Ethics for TourismThe full text of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism isavailable in a dedicated section of the UNWTO website(www.unwto.org) translated in the six officiallanguages of the United Nations, and in the nationallanguages of 43 countries.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 7. UNWTO(United Nations World Tourism Organization)SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Article 2:“The exploitation of human beings inany form, and in particular sexualexploitation referred to choldren, isagainst the fundamental objectives oftourism and constitutes a negation oftourism itself (...)”
  • 8. UNWTO2001 - The Guidelines for National TourismAdministration (NTA) Focal Points:support tourism officers of national administration (NTA) intheir commitment in favour of child protection against sexualexploitation in tourism activities.2004 - Code of Conduct to Protect Childrenfrom Sexual Exploitation in Travel andTourism – ECPAT:Gives a complete description of the initiativesforeseen by the Code of Conduct for protectingchildren from secual exploitation in travels andtourism, a project started by ECPAT and hotelchains.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 9. Established in 1997 as “Task Force for the Protection of Children inTourism” and renamed during the 2011 World Tourism Network onChild Protection, gives assistance to the Global Committee forTourism Ethics.It is an open network with a multistakeholder participation oftourism actors, governments, international organizations and NGOs,sector indutrial groups and media associations.The aim of the Network is to avoid any form of youth exploitation inthe tourism sector (for example sexual exploitation, child labor andchild trafficking).World Tourism Network on Child ProtectionSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 10. Based on the principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, themission of this network is to support the efforts towards child protectionfrom any form of exploitation in tourism. Its main objectives are:• raise awareness in the tourism industry, among governments and touriststhemselves;• encourage the tourism industry to committing in ethical practices, in particularthrough the adoption of codes of conduct and other self regulating measures;• invite governments to adopt administrative and juridic measures, such as thedesignation of focal points within national tourism administrations, the creation ofemergency numbers, the strengthening of national legislations and theimprovement of services given by security forces;• encourage the cooperation between public and private sector;• monitor the fight against sexual exploitation of children in tourism both at anational and international level.World Tourism Network on Child ProtectionSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 11. Based on an agreement between the Italian government andUNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organization), the office ofthe Prime Minister is host since 2008 of the “Permanent Secretariatof the Tourism Ethics”.Recently Italy has renewed the agreement with UNWTO signing aMemorandum of Understanding (February 14th2013) which by theway changed the denomination of the Permanent Secretariat in“Centre for the promotion of the Global Code of Ethics forTourism”Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO GlobalCode of Ethics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 12. Functions established by the Memorandum:1) strengthern the promotion and knowledge of the GlobalCode for Ethics in Tourism;2) develop research activities and data gathering on ethicalissues related to sustainability in tourism, and to theaccountability and reliability of workers in the tourism sector;3) organize meetings of the Global Committe for Ethics inTourism in Italy related to the Code.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO GlobalCode of Ethics for Tourism
  • 13. The Centre operates in synergy with the central officeinMadrid, following a global promotion strategy of the GlobalCode of Ethics in Tourism, approved by the UNWTO GeneralAssembly, which includes 3 main pillars:• Dissemination• Communication• ImplementationSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO GlobalCode of Ethics for Tourism
  • 14. DisseminationDistribution of 10000 copies ofthe Global Code of Ethics forTourism in passport format,bilingual version (Italian andEnglish);SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 15. DisseminationDistribution of 5000 copies of thebrochure dedicated to thecommitment of Italy towardsUNWTO policies and the diffusionof the Global Code principles, in abilingual version;SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 16. DisseminationDistribution of 1000 copies of thebrochure dedicated to the globalcommitment towards accessibletourism, in Italian and English.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 17. Communication:Organize thematic conferences in occasion of theInternational Tourism Exchange in Milan (BIT)2010: “Ethics and Tourism: win the challenge“2011: “Ethical tourism and Participation“2012: “Information and safeguard oftourist/consumers:Informazione e tutela delturista/consumatore:“Towards innovative and shared tools”2013: “Accessibility in tourism : ethical value andeconomic opportunities” SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO GlobalCode of Ethics for Tourism
  • 18. At a national level, in occasion of the WorldTourism Day, the Centre has involved theMinistry for Regional Affairs, Tourism andSport, regions and major stakeholders for thesignature of a Protocol of understanding forthe adoption of the principles of the GlobalCode of Ethics for Tourism, a first step at anational level towards the creation of aframework for the elaboration of commoninitiatives.Signatories: Federturismo, Confturismo,Assoturismo, Aitr, Fitus.Rome, September 27th, 2012SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO Global Code ofEthics for TourismImplementation:
  • 19. “Rules of behaviour, against sexual and commercial exploitation ofchildren in tourism activities”.At an international level, the implementation activities of the articles of the GlobalCode for Ethics in Tourism have continued, through the creation of modelagreements, approved by the UNWTO General Assembly, to be shared withAuthorities and major stakeholders, relative to:• The level of professionalism of tourism operators (art.9), with the signing of a“protocol of understanding between the Ministryu of Tourism and FIPE for theintroduction of rules of behaviour for Restaurants aimed at promoting tourism”.• accessibility, fairness and quality of services offered to tourists (art.6),•The fight against human exploitation (art.2), in particular regarding children,elaborating rules of conduct for travel organizers, air companies and hotelmanagers to fight against exploitation of children in tourism, referring to UNConventions on the right of children and the Stockholm declaration on sexualexploitation of children.SAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO Global Code ofEthics for Tourism
  • 20. Since its creation, the Secretariat has operated for theimplementation of dissemination activities and awareness raising onthe Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, committing in a series ofinitiatives with associations operating in the world of tourism.With this spirit, in 2008 the Government, receiving the principlesdeclared by the Code of Conduct of the Italian tourism industry, haslaunched the idea of a certification of responsible tourism (CTR) andthe acquisition of the use of the symbol by tour operators and travelagencies. The idea was supported by a media campaign on thetheme “What if it was your son?”Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO Global Code ofEthics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013
  • 21. The centre cooperates with all sector stakeholders for thecreation and distribution of information material to bedisseminated, as best practice models, in occasion ofsector institutional events with the aim of promoting aseries of initiatives for awareness raising andcommunication purposes against sex tourism, addressedto tourism workers and travellers.Contacts: ethics@governo.itTel: +39 066779 5281Centre for the Promotion of the UNWTO GlobalCode of Ethics for TourismSAFE HOST, Florence 18 – 19 May 2013