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Hotelaria sustentável

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  • 1. Go Green is an alternative?SAHIC 2011Chile
  • 2. Introduction
  • 3. Argentina Green Building CouncilFULL MEMBER OF THE WORLD GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL
 GREEN BUILDING COUNCILS WORLDWIDE
  • 4. AGBCArgentina
Green
Building
Council
is
a
non
governmental,
non
profit
organization,
founded
in
Buenos
Aires,
Argentina,
on
December
4,
2007.

 "The
Mission
of
the
ArgentinaGBC
is
to
facilitate
and
promote
the
design
and
 construction
of
sustainable
buildings,
increase
awareness
of
climate
change
and
 environmental
concerns,
and
to
offer
support
to
decision
makers
and
professionals
by
 providing
assistance
and
serving
as
a
guide
for
the
development
of
ecological
practices
 for
both
new
and
existing
buildings
and
urban
developments
..."
 Carlos
Grinberg
 President

  • 5. Argentina Green Building Council Is Enough to claim being Sustainable? What about Green Washing?

  • 6. Argentina Green Building CouncilGREEN WASHING
The
term
green
washing
was
coined
by
New
York
environmentalist
Jay
Westervelt
in
a
1986
essay
regarding
the
hotel
industrys
practice
of
placing
placards
in
each
room
promoting
reuse
of
towels
ostensibly
to
"save
the
environment".
Westerveld
noted
that,
in
most
cases,
little
or
no
effort
toward
reducing
energy
waste
was
being
made
by
these
institutions
.

 Picture:
Diario_Responsable

  • 7. Global Certifications Hanover Square - UK 30 The Bond Sydney Olympic Village - 2000 Stratford City - 2012 7
7
  • 8. Certified buildings rates 8% (Other countries) France 40% 9% (Other) Australia (United States) Singapour Japan 43% (UK) Several countries
  • 9. HotelsGoing green, is an alternative?
  • 10. Main aspects of the Design Process   Image   Service   Sustainability
  • 11. Argentina Green Building Council Why would Developers/ Owners go green?

  • 12. Argentina Green Building Council   Benefits (lower taxes)Developer   Appreciation of the property   At least to finish break even   O&M Savings Owner   Image   Increase occupation
  • 13. Argentina Green Building Council Is more expensive to be Green?
  • 14. Argentina Green Building Council   Is more expensive to be Sustainable? Developer   How much will the property increase its value?   Will this delay the construction?   How much will I save? Owner   How long will take to offset the investment.
  • 15. Argentina Green Building CouncilGREEN
FACTS
  Operating costs decrease 13.6% for new construction and 8.5% for existing building projects  Building value increases 10.9% new construction and 6.8% existing building projects  Return on investment improves 9.9% new construction and 19.2% existing building projects  Occupancy increases 6.4% new construction and 2.5% existing building projects  Rent increases 6.1% new construction and 1% existing building projectsMcGraw
Hill
Construction
(2010).
Green
Outlook
2011:
Green
Trends
Driving
Growth.

  • 16. Argentina Green Building CouncilLEED®Leadership in Energy andEnvironmental Design LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is a voluntary certification program developed by the USGBC (United States Green Building Council). LEED provide owners, designers and builders with:   A list of goals and performance standards to create a Sustainable building.   Sustainable Benchmarking for projects.   A recognizable brand within the market.16

  • 17. Argentina Green Building CouncilWhich certification to seek?  LEED NC (New Construction)   LEED Volume  LEED CS (Core & Shell)   LEED HC (Health & Care)  LEED CI (Commercial Interior)   LEED Homes  LEED Schools   LEED ND (Neighborhood Development)  LEED Retail   LEED EB:O&M (Existing Building: Operation & Maintenance) Developer   LEED NC (New Construction)   LEED EB:O&M (Existing Building: Operation & Owner Maintenance)
  • 18. LEED Process
  • 19. Main aspects of the LEED ProcessSustainability LEED NC (New Construction) What is Sustainable design?   The intention is to substantially reduce or eliminate negative impacts to the environment and people, attained through a competent and sensitive design. Five main areas are identified: Sustainable Water Energy & Materials & Indoor Air sites efficiency Atmosphere Resources Quality
  • 20. Sustainable SitesSolutions   Select sites with existing infrastructure.It takes years   Control Pollution during Construction.to remediateimpacts on   Protect local wildlife and vegetation.the   Minimize building footprint.environmentgenerated by   Maximize pervious surfaces.a new   Remediate brown fields or contaminated sites.development   Green roofs for storm water runoff control and for reducing heat island effect.
  • 21. Water EfficiencySolutions   Reduce potable water consumption.An average   Measuring, monitoring and regulating daily water consumption.US citizen   Leakages control program.consume   Install efficient fixtures (dual flush/low flow toilets, shower aerator,580 liters of automated faucets)   Grey water to be used for toilets or irrigation.potable   Storm water collection.water per   Implement a rationalized linen laundry program.day.   Black water treatment.
  • 22. Energy & AtmosphereSolutions   Design Solar Passive strategies (blinds, sunshades, orientation, etc.).   Measuring and monitoring daily energy consumption.Buildings   Install illumination control systems.expend   Install HVAC control systems (ideally a BCMS).39% of the   Low consuming fixtures.energy   Keep a 25 C° degree temperature in rooms when not occupied.In HVAC and   Interrupt non essential electrical services in not occupied rooms.illumination   Produce energy on site.   Consider using renewable energy.
  • 23. Materials & ResourcesSolutions   Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.Excessive use,   Segregate waste.Manufacture   Reuse materials on site.andTransportation   Select recycled content materials.of materials   Select rapidly renewable materials (Bamboo, cotton, linen, etc.)produce   Use of local materials reduce the need of transportation.negativeenvironmental   Use FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) wood.impact.   No plastic and green purchase policy.
  • 24. Indoor Air QualitySolutions   Increase natural and mechanical ventilation.   Monitor CO2 concentrations.Indoor air is 2   Maximize daylight and views.to 5 times   Implement HVAC handlers filters changing program.more   Select non adhesive carpet systems (tact-tile).contaminated   Select low emission materials (carpets, flooring, paints, coatings, furnishings, etc.).than outdoor   Implement a green cleaning policy.air.   No smoking policy.   Individual thermal control.
  • 25. Main aspects of the LEED ProcessSustainabilityLEED EB:O&M (Existing Buildings:Operation & Maintenance)Encourages owners of existing buildings to implementsustainable practices and reduce the environmentalimpacts of their buildings over their functional lifecycles.Specifically, the rating system addresses:   Exterior building site maintenance programs,   Water and energy use,   Environmentally preferred products and practices for cleaning and alterations,   Sustainable purchasing policies,   Waste stream management,   Ongoing indoor environmental quality.
  • 26. Main differences between LEED NC and LEED EBOM   LEED NC is a one-time certification, it does not expires,   LEED EBOM needs recertification every 5 years.   LEED NC can be achieved as soon as the building is occupied,   LEED EBOM needs one year from occupation due to the performance period.   Both have the same criteria of Prerequisites and credits.   LEED NC focus on design & Construction,   Both need same amount   LEED EBOM focus on policies implementation. of points to achieve certification.   LEED NC needs Energy modeling,   LEED EBOM does not.
  • 27. Latin America
  • 28. Projects registered and certified LEED in Latin America Country Registered Certified Reg. Hotels Confid.Argentina 46 3 1 1Brazil 328 35 0 66Chile 108 9 6 (1) 4Colombia 57 4 3 1Ecuador 2 0 0 0Peru 22 3 1 3México 216 16 19 (1) 16Venezuela 2 0 0 0   781 Projects Registered, 70 of which have achieved the Certification (9%).   Only 30 of projects registered are hotels, 4% (11% are confidential).   Only 2 of the certified projects are hotels (Chile, Peru).
  • 29. Projects registered and certified LEED in Latin AmericaPosada de Mike Rapu, Isla de Pascua, ChileFirst LEED hotel in Latin AmericaArchitecture and Interior Design by José Cruz Ovalle andAssociatesOwned by Explora  US Travel + Leisure magazine selected Mike Rapu’s hotel as the best in Latin America and one of the top 13 worldwide.  The Architect employed about 100 local artisans to build the bases of the buildings according to ancient traditions using local stone.  Then he brought in wood from Chile and employed another 100 artisans from the mainland to build the lighter superstructure with its large windows and support posts stretching upward toward the sky.  boiled red volcanic clay called hani hani on the rooftops. Photography
by
Michael
Calderwood
 Source:
Architectural
Digest

  • 30. Why is the Sustainable construction notgrowing faster in Argentina?  In
Argentina
energy
is
strongly
subsidized
  Legislation
in
force
is
week
  There
is
not
pricing,
hence
no
motivation
 Natural
gas,
households,
$/m3
 Natural
gas,
commerce,
$/m3
 Electricity
Country/region
 (1)
 (1)
 households,
$/m3
Argentina,
Bariloche
 0.026
(2)
 0.043
(2)
 0.10
Argentina,
Buenos
Aires
 0.075
(3)
 0.063
(3)
 0.08
Canada
(4)
 0.41
 0.23
 43
times
as
Chinese
Taipei
(4)
 0.42
 0.47
 0.074
 much!
Finland
(4)
 0.45
 0.32
 0.17
France
(4)
 0.83
 0.50
 0.17
Italy
(4)
 0.94
 0.47
 0.27
Korea
(4)
 0.66
 0.52
 0.096
Mexico
(4)
 0.67
 0.39
 0.11
Netherlands
(4)
 1.14
 0.24
Poland
(4)
 0.70
 0.42
 0.18
Spain
(4)
 0.90
 0.41
 0.19
Turkey
(4)
 0.54
 0.48
 0.16
United
Kingdom
(4)
 0.71
 0.37
 0.23
USA
 0.45
 0.32
 0.10
(1):
One
m3
of
natural
gas
is
priced
as
9,300
Kcal
Gross
Caloric
Value
(38,9MJ/m3)
(2):
Tax
included,
in
2008,
supplied
by
Camuzzi
Gas
del
Sur(www.camuzzigas.com)
(3):
Tax
included,
in
2008,
supplied
by
Gas
Natural
Ban
(www.gasnaturalban.com.ar)
(4)
Natural
gas,
electricity,
gasoline
and
diesel
for
end‐use
customer,
in
2008,
with
tax,
from
IEA

  • 31. What is being done in Argentina?IN
PROGRESS:
  Regulatory Decree 1030 | Law 13,059 “Thermal conditioning in construction, province of Buenos Aires”.  IRAM 15,392 – Voluntary standard for Sustainable buildings – General Principles.  IRAM 11,603 – Thermal Conditioning in Buildings.  IRAM 11,900 - Building heating energy efficiency label. Classification according to the thermal transmittance of the building envelope.  Buenos Aires City – Adaptation and Mitigation for Climate Change Act  Buenos Aires City EPA- Resolution Nº 175/010 – Green rooves program  Rosario City – City ordinance Nº 8,208/2007 – Green rooves program  Rosario City – City ordinance mandating thermal collectors on public buildings  San Isidro City – City ordinance Nº 8,497 – Benefits for Sustainable buildings  Governmental building tender with LEED requirements.  Isolated measures (PRONUREE; loans; etc)PENDING:
  Regulation for non hazardous Construction Waste Management (segregation, recycling, etc).  Pricing to Sustainable initiatives (lower taxes, code regulations benefits, etc).  Update energy prices.
  • 32. Go Green is an alternative?Lucas ClariáLEED-AP: BD+C | Latin America Sustainability Managerlucas.claria@lendlease.com