Argentina Green Building CouncilFULL MEMBER OF THE WORLD GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL GREEN BUILDING COUNCILS WORLDWIDE
AGBCArgentina Green Building Council is a non governmental, non profit organization, founded in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 4, 2007. "The Mission of the ArgentinaGBC is to facilitate and promote the design and construction of sustainable buildings, increase awareness of climate change and environmental concerns, and to offer support to decision makers and professionals by providing assistance and serving as a guide for the development of ecological practices for both new and existing buildings and urban developments ..." Carlos Grinberg President
Argentina Green Building Council Is Enough to claim being Sustainable? What about Green Washing?
Argentina Green Building CouncilGREEN WASHING The term green washing was coined by New York environmentalist Jay Westervelt in a 1986 essay regarding the hotel industrys practice of placing placards in each room promoting reuse of towels ostensibly to "save the environment". Westerveld noted that, in most cases, little or no effort toward reducing energy waste was being made by these institutions . Picture: Diario_Responsable
Global Certifications Hanover Square - UK 30 The Bond Sydney Olympic Village - 2000 Stratford City - 2012 7 7
Certified buildings rates 8% (Other countries) France 40% 9% (Other) Australia (United States) Singapour Japan 43% (UK) Several countries
Main aspects of the Design Process Image Service Sustainability
Argentina Green Building Council Why would Developers/ Owners go green?
Argentina Green Building Council Benefits (lower taxes)Developer Appreciation of the property At least to finish break even O&M Savings Owner Image Increase occupation
Argentina Green Building Council Is more expensive to be Green?
Argentina Green Building Council Is more expensive to be Sustainable? Developer How much will the property increase its value? Will this delay the construction? How much will I save? Owner How long will take to offset the investment.
Argentina Green Building CouncilGREEN FACTS Operating costs decrease 13.6% for new construction and 8.5% for existing building projects Building value increases 10.9% new construction and 6.8% existing building projects Return on investment improves 9.9% new construction and 19.2% existing building projects Occupancy increases 6.4% new construction and 2.5% existing building projects Rent increases 6.1% new construction and 1% existing building projectsMcGraw Hill Construction (2010). Green Outlook 2011: Green Trends Driving Growth.
Argentina Green Building CouncilLEED®Leadership in Energy andEnvironmental Design LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is a voluntary certification program developed by the USGBC (United States Green Building Council). LEED provide owners, designers and builders with: A list of goals and performance standards to create a Sustainable building. Sustainable Benchmarking for projects. A recognizable brand within the market.16
Argentina Green Building CouncilWhich certification to seek? LEED NC (New Construction) LEED Volume LEED CS (Core & Shell) LEED HC (Health & Care) LEED CI (Commercial Interior) LEED Homes LEED Schools LEED ND (Neighborhood Development) LEED Retail LEED EB:O&M (Existing Building: Operation & Maintenance) Developer LEED NC (New Construction) LEED EB:O&M (Existing Building: Operation & Owner Maintenance)
Main aspects of the LEED ProcessSustainability LEED NC (New Construction) What is Sustainable design? The intention is to substantially reduce or eliminate negative impacts to the environment and people, attained through a competent and sensitive design. Five main areas are identified: Sustainable Water Energy & Materials & Indoor Air sites efficiency Atmosphere Resources Quality
Sustainable SitesSolutions Select sites with existing infrastructure.It takes years Control Pollution during Construction.to remediateimpacts on Protect local wildlife and vegetation.the Minimize building footprint.environmentgenerated by Maximize pervious surfaces.a new Remediate brown fields or contaminated sites.development Green roofs for storm water runoff control and for reducing heat island effect.
Water EfficiencySolutions Reduce potable water consumption.An average Measuring, monitoring and regulating daily water consumption.US citizen Leakages control program.consume Install efficient fixtures (dual flush/low flow toilets, shower aerator,580 liters of automated faucets) Grey water to be used for toilets or irrigation.potable Storm water collection.water per Implement a rationalized linen laundry program.day. Black water treatment.
Energy & AtmosphereSolutions Design Solar Passive strategies (blinds, sunshades, orientation, etc.). Measuring and monitoring daily energy consumption.Buildings Install illumination control systems.expend Install HVAC control systems (ideally a BCMS).39% of the Low consuming fixtures.energy Keep a 25 C° degree temperature in rooms when not occupied.In HVAC and Interrupt non essential electrical services in not occupied rooms.illumination Produce energy on site. Consider using renewable energy.
Materials & ResourcesSolutions Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.Excessive use, Segregate waste.Manufacture Reuse materials on site.andTransportation Select recycled content materials.of materials Select rapidly renewable materials (Bamboo, cotton, linen, etc.)produce Use of local materials reduce the need of transportation.negativeenvironmental Use FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) wood.impact. No plastic and green purchase policy.
Indoor Air QualitySolutions Increase natural and mechanical ventilation. Monitor CO2 concentrations.Indoor air is 2 Maximize daylight and views.to 5 times Implement HVAC handlers filters changing program.more Select non adhesive carpet systems (tact-tile).contaminated Select low emission materials (carpets, flooring, paints, coatings, furnishings, etc.).than outdoor Implement a green cleaning policy.air. No smoking policy. Individual thermal control.
Main aspects of the LEED ProcessSustainabilityLEED EB:O&M (Existing Buildings:Operation & Maintenance)Encourages owners of existing buildings to implementsustainable practices and reduce the environmentalimpacts of their buildings over their functional lifecycles.Specifically, the rating system addresses: Exterior building site maintenance programs, Water and energy use, Environmentally preferred products and practices for cleaning and alterations, Sustainable purchasing policies, Waste stream management, Ongoing indoor environmental quality.
Main differences between LEED NC and LEED EBOM LEED NC is a one-time certification, it does not expires, LEED EBOM needs recertification every 5 years. LEED NC can be achieved as soon as the building is occupied, LEED EBOM needs one year from occupation due to the performance period. Both have the same criteria of Prerequisites and credits. LEED NC focus on design & Construction, Both need same amount LEED EBOM focus on policies implementation. of points to achieve certification. LEED NC needs Energy modeling, LEED EBOM does not.
Projects registered and certified LEED in Latin America Country Registered Certified Reg. Hotels Confid.Argentina 46 3 1 1Brazil 328 35 0 66Chile 108 9 6 (1) 4Colombia 57 4 3 1Ecuador 2 0 0 0Peru 22 3 1 3México 216 16 19 (1) 16Venezuela 2 0 0 0 781 Projects Registered, 70 of which have achieved the Certification (9%). Only 30 of projects registered are hotels, 4% (11% are confidential). Only 2 of the certified projects are hotels (Chile, Peru).
Projects registered and certified LEED in Latin AmericaPosada de Mike Rapu, Isla de Pascua, ChileFirst LEED hotel in Latin AmericaArchitecture and Interior Design by José Cruz Ovalle andAssociatesOwned by Explora US Travel + Leisure magazine selected Mike Rapu’s hotel as the best in Latin America and one of the top 13 worldwide. The Architect employed about 100 local artisans to build the bases of the buildings according to ancient traditions using local stone. Then he brought in wood from Chile and employed another 100 artisans from the mainland to build the lighter superstructure with its large windows and support posts stretching upward toward the sky. boiled red volcanic clay called hani hani on the rooftops. Photography by Michael Calderwood Source: Architectural Digest
Why is the Sustainable construction notgrowing faster in Argentina? In Argentina energy is strongly subsidized Legislation in force is week There is not pricing, hence no motivation Natural gas, households, $/m3 Natural gas, commerce, $/m3 Electricity Country/region (1) (1) households, $/m3 Argentina, Bariloche 0.026 (2) 0.043 (2) 0.10 Argentina, Buenos Aires 0.075 (3) 0.063 (3) 0.08 Canada (4) 0.41 0.23 43 times as Chinese Taipei (4) 0.42 0.47 0.074 much! Finland (4) 0.45 0.32 0.17 France (4) 0.83 0.50 0.17 Italy (4) 0.94 0.47 0.27 Korea (4) 0.66 0.52 0.096 Mexico (4) 0.67 0.39 0.11 Netherlands (4) 1.14 0.24 Poland (4) 0.70 0.42 0.18 Spain (4) 0.90 0.41 0.19 Turkey (4) 0.54 0.48 0.16 United Kingdom (4) 0.71 0.37 0.23 USA 0.45 0.32 0.10 (1): One m3 of natural gas is priced as 9,300 Kcal Gross Caloric Value (38,9MJ/m3) (2): Tax included, in 2008, supplied by Camuzzi Gas del Sur(www.camuzzigas.com) (3): Tax included, in 2008, supplied by Gas Natural Ban (www.gasnaturalban.com.ar) (4) Natural gas, electricity, gasoline and diesel for end‐use customer, in 2008, with tax, from IEA
What is being done in Argentina?IN PROGRESS: Regulatory Decree 1030 | Law 13,059 “Thermal conditioning in construction, province of Buenos Aires”. IRAM 15,392 – Voluntary standard for Sustainable buildings – General Principles. IRAM 11,603 – Thermal Conditioning in Buildings. IRAM 11,900 - Building heating energy efficiency label. Classification according to the thermal transmittance of the building envelope. Buenos Aires City – Adaptation and Mitigation for Climate Change Act Buenos Aires City EPA- Resolution Nº 175/010 – Green rooves program Rosario City – City ordinance Nº 8,208/2007 – Green rooves program Rosario City – City ordinance mandating thermal collectors on public buildings San Isidro City – City ordinance Nº 8,497 – Benefits for Sustainable buildings Governmental building tender with LEED requirements. Isolated measures (PRONUREE; loans; etc)PENDING: Regulation for non hazardous Construction Waste Management (segregation, recycling, etc). Pricing to Sustainable initiatives (lower taxes, code regulations benefits, etc). Update energy prices.
Go Green is an alternative?Lucas ClariáLEED-AP: BD+C | Latin America Sustainability Managerlucas.firstname.lastname@example.org