China has over 138 million Migrant Workers. <br />ImpactsOriginDestination+ Social $$$ from the migrant workers in Beijing is sent home to poorer provinces such as Hebei, Inner Mongolia, and Henan. This allows for more investment to be made in those provinces (for infrastructure-roads, schools, hospitals, etc.) Money sent home by parents working in Jingsu province puts food on the table for their children and grandparents With the huge number of migrant workers, (4 million total, including 1 million construction workers) Beijing has an enormous labour force that is cheap to help build city projects like the Subway System Expansion, Olympic stadium and venues, new rail stations and a new, state of the art Airport Terminal. -SocialAs a result of parents migrating to larger cities for work, many children are left behind to be raised by their grandparents. (1 in 7 near Jiangsu Province) 58 million across china- Children left behind often need extra support in school emotionally and psychologically. This puts a strain on the services of the local community (more teachers who are skilled in Child psychology are needed) Children are left behind because strict residency laws prevent them from enrolling in schools outside their home province or the tuition costs are higher. Migrant Workers in Beijing and Shanghai must endure crowded, long journeys in order to get home. Poor working conditions for the workers- crowded and unsanitary living conditions, low wages, no trade/worker unions to protect them, un safe working environments. In Beijing, a huge “floating workforce” of migrant workers have little job security- many are homeless or live in poor housing. -EconomicIn some areas of China, workers are forced to return home after their jobs run out. When they return, they bring social unrest (stress) with them, which worries them and puts a strain on the Chinese Government. – this is the case in Shandong where an increased police force is needed to help keep unemployed workers from “mis-behaving”. The # of unemployed workers in Shandong has been increasing steadily as the world’s economic crisis continues. <br />
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