• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Introduction to population pyramids
 

Introduction to population pyramids

on

  • 18,986 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
18,986
Views on SlideShare
16,661
Embed Views
2,325

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
233
Comments
0

7 Embeds 2,325

http://ibgeorevision.wikispaces.com 2237
http://courses.ssc.qld.edu.au 58
http://iesalfonso2socialscience.blogspot.com.es 16
https://ibgeorevision.wikispaces.com 7
http://iesalfonso2socialscience.blogspot.com 3
http://www.texiladigipedia.com 2
http://www.iesalfonso2socialscience.blogspot.com.es 2
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Introduction to population pyramids Introduction to population pyramids Presentation Transcript

    • Population Pyramids
    • Population Pyramids
    • What are Population Pyramids?
      • The population composition or structure of a country
      • population pyramid or age-sex pyramid
    • Males and Females
      • Figures for males are recorded on the left of the diagram.
      • Figures for females are recorded on the right of the diagram.
    • Males and Females
    • Sex Ratio
      • The division between the sexes can also be analysed by calculating the
      • male : female ratio
      • or sex ratio
      • This expresses the number of men in the population as a proportion of the number of women.
    • Horizontal Axis
      • The horizontal axis may either represent
      • actual numbers
      • OR
      • the percentage of
      • the total population in each age category.
    • Actual Numbers
    • Percentage
    • Vertical Axis
      • The population is normally divided into five year groups e.g. 0-4, 5-9, 10-14 on the vertical axis.
      • However, sometimes you will see one and ten year intervals too.
      • The final years are collapsed into one category (e.g. 90+)
      • Different age groups are known as cohorts
    • Five Year Cohorts
    •  
    • Population Pyramids Developing Countries
      • Wide base which indicates a youthful population (as a result of high birth rates);
      • Narrow top (there are fewer people in the older age groups because life expectancy is lower);
    • Sudan – a typical developing country pyramid
    • Implications for governments in developing countries
      • Limited resources will be stretched to meet the needs of a large number of dependent children for schooling, nutrition and health care;
      • As this group reaches working age, a large number of jobs will need to be created to enable them to support themselves and their families.
      • As this group reaches child-bearing age, it is likely that fertility rates will be high , leading to continued high rates of natural population increase.
    • Population Pyramids Developed Countries
      • Narrower base (due to lower birth rate)
      • WHY LOWER BIRTH RATES?
      • Wider top (reflecting a longer life expectancy)
      • WHY A LONGER LIFE EXPECTANCY?
      • In some developed countries there is a bulge in 40-45 age cohort as a result of the “baby boomers” of the 1960s
    •  
    • Japan – a typical developed country pyramid
    • An ageing population
      • The issues faced by many developed countries is of an ageing population where a smaller proportion of the population are of working age and are faced with the task of generating enough wealth to provide high levels of support for the elderly population.
    • Dependency Ratio
      • The ratio of non-economically active to economically active people in the population is called the dependency ratio.
    • Zero Population Growth
      • The population pyramid can also show zero-growth.
      • This means that birth rates and death rates cancel each other out.
      • In this case, the age-sex pyramid is more like a column than a pyramid, and people are distributed evenly throughout the cohorts
    •  
    • Developed and Developing Countries
    • Past, Present and Future Trends
      • As well as illustrating the effect of past changes, population pyramids can also indicate both short and long term future changes in population.
      • We can use population pyramids to show the results of migration
    • Canada change over time
    • Characteristic of Population Pyramids - Summary
      • A wide base suggests a high birth rate, a high proportion of young people and thus a rapidly growing population
      • A narrow base tells us that the birth rate has fallen
      • Straight or near vertical sides tell us that the death rate is low
      • Sides that narrow inwards from the bottom show a high death rate
      • Large numbers of males around 20-34 year groups suggest high rates of immigration.
      • A small number of young people indicates high rates of outmigration