A international displacement• Forced migration (also called deracination) refers to the coerced movement of a person or persons away from their home or home region.• A specific form of forced migration is population transfer, which is a coherent policy to move unwanted persons• Forced migration has accompanied religious and political persecution, as well as war• Development-induced displacement is a subset of forced migration.
Situation and Push factors• Armed Conlfict• Citizens of Darfur is forced to move• The war with the Sudanese military and a militia group called Janjaweedand formed rebel groups as Sudan Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement• A fight mostly between Afro-Arab Abbala tribes and the non- Arab Muslim ethnic groups of Fur, Zaghawa and Masalit• Attacks against civilians by the militia and Janjaweeed• Government kills and rapes civilians• ‘Black people’ are being hunted on and have to move to survive
A Picture Used To Illustrate The Murders• http://www.iansa.org/women/images/darfur1 .jpg
Pull Factors of Destination• Safety• The possibility of living in peace• Closest and easiest• Jobs
Consequences• Overpopulation in Chad• Lack of resources to support incoming refugees• Higher fertility rate in Chad, as refugees settle down.• High Fertility leads to worse living conditions because of overpopulation• Low literacy rates continue to Increase, not enough room in school.• Chad Government not able to support added migrants in their country.
Final Results• Increasing tension between African nations, especially Chad and Sudan• Possible uprising in Chad, civil war occurring in Chad already.• International Turmoil, Major Powers feuding, not cooperating. Ill effects for trading etc?• Mortality Rates continue to rise in Darfur.• Fear of spread of conflict to other African nations.