Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Paul
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Paul

207

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
207
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • JF
    Benjamin the youngest son of Jacob
    Beloved by his father
    Smallest among all the tribes from which came Saul, after whom the apostle was named
    Same tribe from whom came Jeremiah
  • JF
    Benjamin the youngest son of Jacob
    Beloved by his father
    Smallest among all the tribes from which came Saul, after whom the apostle was named
    Same tribe from whom came Jeremiah
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
    That is what our catholic faith based on
  • In Chapter 12 he talks about the different gifts
    What does God do: God serves
  • Prophecy fulfilled only through Jesus
    Sign of new covenant is love alone.
  • Prophecy fulfilled only through Jesus
    Sign of new covenant is love alone.
    Ex. Paul would convert a community and when he moved on they began to fall apart due to new doctrines & new controversies.
  • Thirteen letters attributed to Paul & named after the community or person to whom it is addressed.
  • Galatians and Romans were written late in paul’s career,
    In earlier letters like corinth and thess he is indiffernt about the law
    In later ltters he atacks vehemently see ellis 174
  • Every individual is conditioned by his/her environment & influenced by his/her training & education
    Theology is approached differently from a Hellenistic mind to a Rabbinic mind*.
    We must consider these concepts to better understand St. Paul
    Even in the way we look at God, in Rabinic thought, God changes his mind
    And gets angry and regrets what he has done, in Hellenistic thought that is far from
    Ever happening.
  • considered itself set apart from rest of Jews.
  • He dealt with Covenant beween God and his people
  • LXX Greek Septuagint
    that gets angry, regrets, changes his mind.
    Covenant wit hGodsee romans
  • Although Luke has him brought up in Jerusalem & educated by Gamaliel*
  • In this example Paul is showing to the Corinthians that salvation is not something they have already achieved (as exaltation theology would have it) but something for which they must strive and even suffer.
    Isthmian games were held regularly at Corinth as a sort of warm up for the Olympics, and the city was regularly filled with athletes. Paul compares the Christian to an athlete who knows that he has to train if he wants to triumph in the games.
  • Paul’s Cynic-Stoic mode of argumentation
    Conversational style
    Lively debate with an imaginary interlocutor
    Short sentences & Interjected questions
    The church as the “body” of Christ is developed from Greco-Roman understanding of State as body politic.
  • As a Pharisee Paul already believed in the resurrection of the dead.
    His vision did not initiate his belief in the resurrection of the dead but confirmed it.
    Pharisees believed in the Resurrection of the dead
    With Old Testament Roots in Daniel 12 (ex 2)
    2 MC 6-7; Wisdom 1-4
    Pharisees believed the resurrection of the dead as a sign of the coming and completion of God’s promised kingdom.
  • Parousia is second coming
    They wanted God to suddenly come and destroy his enemies & rewards his friends.
    God will soon consume his plan of salvation.
    They still held the Jewish thought in their minds that God will give them victory as they saw it.
    Later on they saw more to Christ coming back than squaring of acc
    Paul was convinced that the end has begun now that Jesus’ resurrection has occurred.
    Most important aspect of parousia for him was the fulfillment of union with Christ.
  • “Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed, in an instant, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.”
    1 Cor 15:51-52
  • The rejection of bodily resurrection, as opposed to “soul” resurrection, by the Greeks and early Gnostics caused Paul to defend the bodily resurrection of the Christians.
  • “There are both heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the brightness of the heavenly is one kind and that of the earthly another. …So also is the resurrection of the dead.
    It is sown corruptible; it is raised incorruptible. It is sown dishonorable; it is raised glorious. It is sown weak; it is raised powerful. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual one.” 1 Cor. 15:36-44
    He will change our lowly body to conform with his glorified body by the power that enables him also to bring all things into subjection to himself.”
  • “There are both heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the brightness of the heavenly is one kind and that of the earthly another. …So also is the resurrection of the dead.
    It is sown corruptible; it is raised incorruptible. It is sown dishonorable; it is raised glorious. It is sown weak; it is raised powerful. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual one.” 1 Cor. 15:36-44
    He will change our lowly body to conform with his glorified body by the power that enables him also to bring all things into subjection to himself.”
  • Not sure which incident, paul has been arressted many times and put in prison
    * This lead Paul to a more profound conception of Christian existence and its relationship to the passion, death, & resurrection of Christ.
  • Asia: a Roman province in western Asia Minor, the capital of which was Ephesus.
    6 [9-10] The sentence of death: it is unclear whether Paul is alluding to a physical illness or to an external threat to life. The result of the situation was to produce an attitude of faith in God alone. God who raises the dead: rescue is the constant pattern of God's activity; his final act of encouragement is the resurrection.
  • Corinth city in Greece
    So called apostles who cam to Corinth after Paul left, charged money and preached a different gospel.
    They were more elegant than Paul and made fun of him.
  • He’s like we gotta do something about this.
  • So called apostles who cam to Corinth after Paul left, charged money and preached a different gospel.
    They were more elegant than Paul and made fun of him.
  • So called apostles who cam to Corinth after Paul left, charged money and preached a different gospel.
    They were more elegant than Paul and made fun of him.
  • Paul spoke of this experience as the revelation of the Son to him by the Father NJB & DH
    This experience also involved a call to proclaim Christ to those who had not heard of him, especially to non-Jews. NJB & DH
  • Transcript

    • 1. 1 Pauline TheologyPauline Theology “Critical Events”“Critical Events” Holy Name of Jesus Catholic Community Georges B. Aboutanos Email: gaboutanos@earthlink.net Blog: www.gaboutanos.net October 31, 2010
    • 2. 2 “What will separate us from the love of Christ? Will anguish, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or the sword? No, in all these things we conquer overwhelmingly through him who loved us.” Romans 8:35, 37-39
    • 3. 3 “For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor present things, nor future things, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Romans 8:35, 37-39
    • 4. 4 “To each … the Spirit is given for some benefit” “To one … wisdom; To another … knowledge … To another faith … To another gifts of healing … To another mighty deeds … To another prophecy … To another discernment of Spirits; To another varieties of tongues; To another interpretations of tongues.” 1 Corinthians 12:7-10
    • 5. 5 “Strive eagerly for the greatest spiritual gifts. But I shall show you a still more excellent way… 1 Corinthians 12:31- 13:3
    • 6. 6 I am a resounding gong or a clashing cymbal.” If I speak in human and angelic tongues but do not have love, …
    • 7. 7 “And if I have the gift of prophecy and comprehend all mysteries and all knowledge; if I have all faith so as to move mountains but do not have love, I am nothing.” 1 Corinthians 12:31-13:3
    • 8. 8 “If I give away everything I own, and if I hand my body over so that I may boast but do not have love, I gain nothing.” 1 Corinthians 12:31- 13:3
    • 9. 9 “Love is patient, love is kind. It is not jealous, is not pompous, it is not inflated, it is not rude, it does not seek its own interests, it is not quick-tempered.” 1 Corinthians 13:4-51 Corinthians 13:4-5
    • 10. 10 “it does not brood over injury, it does not rejoice over wrongdoing but rejoices with the truth. It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.” 1 Corinthians 13:5-71 Corinthians 13:5-7
    • 11. 11 “Love never fails… So faith, hope, love remain, these three; but the greatest of these is love.” 1 Corinthians 13:8-131 Corinthians 13:8-13
    • 12. 12 “Do not conform yourself to this age but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may discern what is the will of God” Romans 12:2
    • 13. 13 Pauline EpistlesPauline Epistles Following the death, Resurrection & ascension of Jesus, & Pentecost, St. Paul saw himself primarily as an apostle to the gentiles began to travel & preach proclaiming Jesus the crucified Messiah
    • 14. 14 Pauline EpistlesPauline Epistles  Paul wrote letters in response to problems in Christian communities that he has founded & evangelized.  His letters preserved & read as sermons are the earliest Christian documents.
    • 15. 15 Pauline EpistlesPauline Epistles  Romans  1st Corinthians  Galatians  Philippians  1st Thessalonians  1st Timothy  Titus  2nd Corinthians  Ephesians  Colossians  2nd Thessalonians  2nd Timothy  Philemon Thirteen letters attributed to Paul named after the community or person to whom they are addressed
    • 16. 16 Seven Indisputable LettersSeven Indisputable LettersPEPE 1. I Thessalonians 51 A.D. from Corinth 2. 1 Corinthians 54 A.D. from Ephesus 3. Philippians (~60) 56 A.D. from Ephesus 4. 2 Corinthians 57 A.D. from Macedonia 5. Galatians 58 A.D. from Corinth 6. Romans 58 A.D. from Corinth 7. Philemon 61 A.D. from Rome
    • 17. 17
    • 18. 18 Paul’s Jewish Background*
    • 19. 19 Jewish BackgroundJewish Background “Circumcised on the eighth day, of the race of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrew parentage, in observance of the law a Pharisee.” Phil 3:5-6
    • 20. 20 Jewish BackgroundJewish Background “Are they Hebrew? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendent of Abraham? So am I.” 2 Cor 11:22
    • 21. 21
    • 22. 22 Jewish BackgroundJewish BackgroundOF & JFOF & JF • Pharisees:  A pious Jewish group formed in the 2nd Cent. B.C.  Accepted both the oral & the written law.  Criticized Jesus for forgiving sins, breaking the Sabbath, & associating with sinners.  Jesus objected their legalism & self-righteous.  Jesus was defended & entertained by some.
    • 23. 23 Jewish BackgroundJewish BackgroundNJB & JFNJB & JF  Paul’s writings reveal his Jewish way of thinking.  He studied and thought like a Jewish Rabbi.  He was proud of his Jewish heritage & being a member of God’s chosen people.*
    • 24. 24 Jewish BackgroundJewish BackgroundNJB & JFNJB & JF  The OT remained for Paul a means through which God speaks to humanity  He thought & expressed himself in OT categories & images, quoting the OT LXX 90 times  He does not quote scripture as one would in 20th cent., he gives OT new meaning & allegorize it.
    • 25. 25 Paul’s Hellenistic Background
    • 26. 26 Hellenistic BackgroundHellenistic BackgroundJFJF  Paul’s writing do not show Palestinian Judaism influence.  His writings reveal that he is a Jew of the Diaspora educated in the Hellenistic tradition.
    • 27. 27 Hellenistic BackgroundHellenistic BackgroundNJBNJB  Paul used of a Roman name  Appealed to the Greek OT LXX  Composed his letters in Greek  Used Greek commercial terms (Phlm 18-19)  Used Greek legal terms (Gal 3:15)  Alluded to Greek games (1 Cor 9:24-27)
    • 28. 28 Hellenistic BackgroundHellenistic Background “Thus I do not run aimlessly; I do not fight as if I were shadowboxing. No I drive my body and train it, for fear that, after having preached to others, I myself should be disqualified.” 1 Cor 9:26-27
    • 29. 29 Hellenistic BackgroundHellenistic BackgroundNJBNJB Paul employed the Hellenistic ideas of  Freedom (Gal 5:1,13)  Conscience (1 Cor 8:7)  Contentment (2 Cor 9:8) He used Cynic-Stoic mode of argumentation He developed idea church as the “body” of Christ from State as body politic
    • 30. 30 Hellenistic BackgroundHellenistic BackgroundJFJF  Paul’s Greek cultural background enabled him to cope with the problems & difficulties of carrying the Christian gospel from its Palestinian Jewish matrix into the world of the Roman empire  Paul’s practical experience & concrete contact with Diaspora Jews & with Gentiles of that area had a significant impact on his view of Christianity
    • 31. 31 Critical Events That Influenced Paul’s Theology
    • 32. 32 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 1) Paul’s vision of the risen Christ  The Vision convinced Paul that Jesus is the Messiah sent by the Father.  He saw Jesus’ resurrection as the beginning of the end, the turning point of all history when God fulfills his promises to Israel.
    • 33. 33 Critical EventsCritical EventsPE,NABPE,NAB 2) Expectation of imminent 2nd coming  Early church expected the 2nd coming shortly.  Paul assumes Parousia will occur in his own lifetime although time is not known (1 Thes 5:1-2)  These thoughts effected his early writings: 1 Thessalonians, 1 Corinthians & Philippians*
    • 34. 34 “Indeed, we tell you this on the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord . . . Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air . . .” 1 Thes 4:14-17
    • 35. 35 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 3) The Greeks rejection of the bodily resurrection  Greeks thought of the person as soul & body where the body imprison the soul & must not be resurrected  Paul, as a Jew, thought of the person as a body-person and defended the resurrection of the body ( 1 Cor. 15 & 2 Cor.)
    • 36. 36 “…But someone may say, "How are the dead raised? With what kind of body will they come back?" You fool! What you sow is not brought to life unless it dies. And what you sow is not the body that is to be but a bare kernel of wheat, perhaps, or of some other kind; but God gives it a body as he chooses, and to each of the seeds its own body. …” 1 Cor. 15:36-44
    • 37. 37 “He [Christ] will change our lowly body to conform with his glorified body by the power that enables him also to bring all things into subjection to himself.” Phil 3:21
    • 38. 38 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 4) Paul’s brush with death at Ephesus  This made Paul realize that he might not be alive for the Parousia.  It also made him realize that following Christ and growth in Christ meant more than sharing in his victory– it also meant sharing in his sufferings & death. (Phil. & 2 Cor)*
    • 39. 39 “We do not want you to be unaware, brothers, of the affliction that came to us in the province of Asia*; we were utterly weighed down beyond our strength, so that we despaired even of life. Indeed, we had accepted within ourselves the sentence of death, that we might trust not in ourselves but in God who raises the dead.” 2 Cor 1:8-9
    • 40. 40
    • 41. 41 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 5) Paul’s Encounter with false apostles at Corinth*  This Lead Paul to reflect on the purpose and meaning of apostleship & on distinguishing true from false apostle.  He came to realize that an apostle is called not only to preach Christ but to pattern his life on the life of the suffering of Christ, preaching the gospel with his life.
    • 42. 42 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 6) The Controversy with Jewish Christians about the Mosaic law  Paul the Pharisee defended justification by observance of the law  His devotion to the law shriveled when he came to realize that it is Christ that justifies (Philippians, Galatians, and Romans)
    • 43. 43 Critical EventsCritical EventsPEPE 7) The Jews rejection of Gentiles’ acceptance of the Gospel  Paul realized that the Gentiles not the Jews are the ones accepting the Gospel  He re-evaluated his pharisaic belief that Gentiles have to become Jews first  He began to theologize on the Father’s plan for salvation (Romans)
    • 44. 44 “For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated one, how much more will they who belong to it by nature be grafted back into their own olive tree.” Romans 11:24
    • 45. 45 Summary of Critical EventsSummary of Critical EventsPEPE 1) Paul’s vision of the risen Christ 2) Expectation of imminent 2nd coming 3) The Greeks rejection of the bodily resurrection 4) Paul’s brush with death at Ephesus
    • 46. 46 Summary of Critical EventsSummary of Critical EventsPEPE 5) Paul’s Encounter with false apostles at Corinth (see 2 Cor. 11) 6) The Controversy with Jewish Christians about the Mosaic law 7) The Jews rejection of Gentiles’ acceptance of the gospel
    • 47. 47 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to PaulDHDH  Around A.D. 32 or 33 Paul, A Jew born in Tarsus of Cilicia, a Pharisee by choice, a persecutor of Christians by conviction, underwent a remarkable transformation.
    • 48. 48 Paul’s experience influenced his theology & developed his faith in the risen Christ as the Son of God.
    • 49. 49 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to Paul “Now I want you to know, brothers, That the gospel preached by me Is not of human origin. For I did not receive it from a human being, Nor was I taught it, But it came through a revelation of Jesus Christ.” Gal 1:11-12
    • 50. 50 The Revelation to Paul*The Revelation to Paul* “But when [God], who from my mother’s womb had set me apart and called me through his grace, was pleased to reveal his Son to me, so that I might proclaim him to the Gentiles.” Gal 1:15-16
    • 51. 51  In this revelation Paul saw Jesus like the rest of the Apostles saw the resurrected Christ  His apostolic role was apparently challenged in the early church, yet he defended his position
    • 52. 52 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to Paul “Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord?” 1 Cor 9:1
    • 53. 53 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to Paul “[Christ] appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve … Last of all, as to one born abnormally, he appeared to me.” 1 Cor 15:5-8
    • 54. 54 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to PaulJF&NJBJF&NJB  This encounter with Jesus changed Paul’s understanding of the Messiah to someone who frees humanity  Far more than his Pharisaic background & Hellenistic cultural roots, the revelation of Jesus gave Paul an ineffable insight into the “mystery of Christ” and God’s plan of salvation.
    • 55. 55 The Revelation to PaulThe Revelation to Paul “If I preach the gospel, this is no reason for me to boast, for an obligation has been imposed on me, and woe to me if I do not preach it.” 1 Cor 9:16
    • 56. 56 “to reveal his Son to me, so that I might proclaim him to the Gentiles…” Gal 1:16
    • 57. 57 ReferencesReferences 1. [RB] An Introduction to the New Testament. Raymond Brown S.S. Ph.D. Doubleday, 1997. 2. [MG] Apostle of the Crucified Lord. A theological Introduction to Paul & his Letters. Michael J. Gorman. Eerdmans, 2004. 3. [SM] Paul, His letters & his theology. An Introduction to Paul’s Epistles. Stanley B. Marrow. Paulist Press, 1986. 4. [NJB] The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Brown, Fitzmyer, Murphy. Prentice Hall, 1990.
    • 58. 58 ReferencesReferences 5. [JF] According to Paul. Studies in the Theology of the Apostle. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J. 1993. 6. [VK] What are they saying about Paul & the law? Veronica Koperski. Paulist Press 2001. 7. [JA] Paul & Judaism: The apostle in the Context of Recent Interpretation. James W. Aageson. Word & World Volume XX No. 3 Summer 2000. 8. [CC] The Letters of Paul. Charles B Cousar. Interpreting Biblical Text IBT. Abingdon Press 1996. 9. [NTW] What Saint Paul Really Said. N. T. Wright. Eerdmans, 1997.
    • 59. 59 ReferencesReferences 10.[OF] A Concise Dictionary of Theology. Gerald O’Collins S.J. & Edward G. Farrugia, S.J. Paulist Press 2000. 11.[PP] Reading the New Testament. Pheme Perkins. Paulist Press 1983. 12.[NAB] New American Bible. The Catholic Bible. Personal Study Edition. Oxford University Press 1995. 13.[CCC] Catechism of the Catholic Church. Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1994.
    • 60. 60 ReferencesReferences 14.[DH] Meeting St. Paul Today, Understanding the Man His Mission and His Message. Daniel J. Harrington S.J. Loyola Press 2008. 15.[PE] Seven Pauline Letters. Peter F. Ellis. The Liturgical Press. 1982 16.[FJ] New Testament Letter Structure by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D. http://catholic-resources.org/Bible/NT_Letters.htm 17.[JB] Jesus is Lord: Paul’s Life in Christ. Joseph Blenkinsopp. Paulist Press. 1964.
    • 61. 61 ReferencesReferences 18.[DBH] Born Fundamentalist Born Again Catholic. David B. Currie Ignatius Press 1996. 19.[CTT] Crossing the Tiber. Stephen K. Ray Ignatius Press 1997. 20.[RW] 101 Questions & Answers on Paul. Ronald D. Witherup Paulist Press 2003.

    ×