L01 Historical Overview
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L01 Historical Overview L01 Historical Overview Presentation Transcript

  • What is Design?Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Etymology & Grammar • Comes from Italian word disegno: drafting or drawing of a work; or the idea at the root of a work. • A noun and a verb. “Design is to design a design to produce a design.”Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • According to the OSU Department of Design • Design is a purposeful, systematic, and creative activity.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Fine Art vs. Design The primary motivation in: • Art is usually oneself. • Design is usually others.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Overview of Design History & ContributionsDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • The Real Beginnings • Stone tools created 2 million years B.C.chopper hand axe scraper needle Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Industrial Revolution • 1765-1880 • A shift from craft labor to mass production; workshops to factories. • Mass production and interchangeable parts allowed design standardization. • Steam engine. • Mass production & Mass marketing.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • The Steam Engine • James Watt • 1765 • England • Powered by steam: expanding and cooling water within a cylinder drove a piston up and down.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Mass Production • Cheap products, mass produced quickly. • Poor quality. • Many different styles: classical mythology, Baroque, Gothic, Romanesque, Renaissance. • Lots of Ornamentation: machined lathed/band saw parts were interchangeable.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Steam Engine?• Classical façade.• Excessive Ornamentation Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Toilet?• Reference to classical mythology “Chimaera,” part lion. Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Telephone?• 1888 on top• 1914 on bottom Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • New Manufacturing Technologies • Bent Beechwood • Thonet, 1859 Chair No. 14 • Thonet, 1860 RockerDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Mass Marketing • Josiah Wedgewood’s Pottery factory. • Used old energy sources: horses, moving water; not steam; 1769. • First to market to the middle class; pioneer of mass marketing; earthenware that was affordable, aesthetically pleasing, could take sudden changes in temperature; quick to produce.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Singer Sewing Machines • 1850- Isaac Merritt Singer designs first in-line shuttle sewing machine. • 1855- Singer becomes the worlds largest sewing company. Singer begins overseas expansion, starting in Paris, France, making Singer the world’s first international company.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Installment Payments • 1856- Edward Clark, working for the Singer Manufacturing Co., originates the “hire-purchase” plan, the prototype for all installment selling or time payment purchases.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • World Fairs or Exhibitions They provided an International marketplace, International competition, and exhibited the latest advancements in technology. • London, 1851 • Paris, 1889Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • The Road to ModernismDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Changing Aesthetics • Driven largely by new technologies in manufacturing and materials. • Steam bending wood • Steel • Glass • Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear C. R. Mackintosh French Furniture CompanyDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear Henery van de Velde Frank Lloyd WrightDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Frank Lloyd Wright • Guggenheim Museum • New York, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • “Form follows function.” • Louis Sullivan • ChicagoDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Simplification & AbstractionDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Perspective & RationaleDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Corporate Identity • Peter Behrens • AEG - Electrical Products ManufacturerDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • The Bauhaus • Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius • Weimar, Dessau, Berlin • Closed in 1933 due to the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Constructivism Propaganda & Social MessagesDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Streamlining Transportation, Future Forms, & MarketingDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Evolution of a ChairDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Red & Blue Chair Gerrit Reitveld, 1918Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Chair Marcel Breuer, 1921Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Wassily Chair Marcel Breuer, 1925Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Barcelona Chair Mies van der Rohe, 1929Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Grand Comfort LoungeDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Lounge Chair Wood Charles and Ray Eames, 1945Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • RAR Rocker Charles and Ray Eames, 1948Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Lounge Chair &Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Tulip Chair Eero Saarinen, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • Panton Chair Verner Panton, 1959Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  • That is about all we have time for. Without taking another two hours to cover Scandinavien, Minimalism, Post Modernism, Deconstructivism...Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University