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What is Design?Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The Ohio Stat...
Etymology & Grammar  • Comes from Italian word disegno: drafting or drawing of      a work; or the idea at the root of a w...
According to the OSU Department of Design  • Design is a purposeful, systematic,      and creative activity.Design 200: In...
Fine Art vs. Design    The primary motivation in:     • Art is usually oneself.     • Design is usually others.Design 200:...
Overview of Design          History &        ContributionsDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design       ...
The Real Beginnings    • Stone tools created 2 million years B.C.chopper                   hand axe             scraper   ...
Industrial Revolution  • 1765-1880  • A shift from craft labor to mass production; workshops to      factories.  • Mass pr...
The Steam Engine  • James Watt  • 1765  • England  • Powered by steam: expanding and cooling water within a      cylinder ...
Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The Ohio State University
Mass Production  • Cheap products, mass produced quickly.  • Poor quality.  • Many different styles: classical mythology, ...
Steam        Engine?• Classical façade.• Excessive Ornamentation  Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Desig...
Toilet?• Reference to classical  mythology “Chimaera,” part  lion.  Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Des...
Telephone?• 1888 on top• 1914 on bottom Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                         ...
New Manufacturing        Technologies  • Bent Beechwood   • Thonet, 1859          Chair No. 14     • Thonet, 1860         ...
Mass Marketing  • Josiah Wedgewood’s Pottery factory.  • Used old energy sources: horses, moving water; not      steam; 17...
Singer Sewing                     Machines  • 1850- Isaac Merritt Singer designs      first in-line shuttle sewing machine...
Installment Payments  • 1856- Edward Clark, working for the Singer      Manufacturing Co., originates the “hire-purchase” ...
World Fairs or                    Exhibitions    They provided an International    marketplace, International    competiti...
The Road to                       ModernismDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                      ...
Changing Aesthetics  • Driven largely by new technologies in manufacturing and      materials.   • Steam bending wood   • ...
Curvilinear vs.                   Rectilinear     C. R. Mackintosh                French Furniture CompanyDesign 200: Intr...
Curvilinear vs.                   Rectilinear     Henery van de Velde               Frank Lloyd WrightDesign 200: Introduc...
Frank Lloyd Wright  • Guggenheim Museum  • New York, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design        ...
“Form follows                     function.”  • Louis Sullivan  • ChicagoDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department o...
Simplification &                    AbstractionDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                   ...
Perspective & RationaleDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The O...
Corporate Identity  • Peter Behrens  • AEG - Electrical Products ManufacturerDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Departme...
The Bauhaus  • Founded in 1919 by      Walter Gropius  • Weimar, Dessau, Berlin  • Closed in 1933 due to      the rise of ...
Constructivism     Propaganda & Social MessagesDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                  ...
Streamlining     Transportation, Future Forms, & MarketingDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design       ...
Evolution of a ChairDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The Ohio...
Red & Blue Chair                                 Gerrit Reitveld, 1918Design 200: Introduction to Design           Departm...
Chair                                     Marcel Breuer, 1921Design 200: Introduction to Design             Department of ...
Wassily Chair                                     Marcel Breuer, 1925Design 200: Introduction to Design             Depart...
Barcelona Chair                             Mies van der Rohe, 1929Design 200: Introduction to Design       Department of ...
Grand Comfort LoungeDesign 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The Ohio...
Lounge Chair Wood                          Charles and Ray Eames, 1945Design 200: Introduction to Design      Department o...
RAR Rocker                          Charles and Ray Eames, 1948Design 200: Introduction to Design      Department of Desig...
Lounge Chair &Design 200: Introduction to Design   Department of Design                                     The Ohio State...
Tulip Chair                                     Eero Saarinen, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design             Departme...
Panton Chair                                 Verner Panton, 1959Design 200: Introduction to Design         Department of D...
That is about all we        have time for.       Without taking another two hours to cover Scandinavien, Minimalism, Post ...
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L01 Historical Overview

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Transcript of "L01 Historical Overview"

  1. 1. What is Design?Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  2. 2. Etymology & Grammar • Comes from Italian word disegno: drafting or drawing of a work; or the idea at the root of a work. • A noun and a verb. “Design is to design a design to produce a design.”Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  3. 3. According to the OSU Department of Design • Design is a purposeful, systematic, and creative activity.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  4. 4. Fine Art vs. Design The primary motivation in: • Art is usually oneself. • Design is usually others.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  5. 5. Overview of Design History & ContributionsDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  6. 6. The Real Beginnings • Stone tools created 2 million years B.C.chopper hand axe scraper needle Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  7. 7. Industrial Revolution • 1765-1880 • A shift from craft labor to mass production; workshops to factories. • Mass production and interchangeable parts allowed design standardization. • Steam engine. • Mass production & Mass marketing.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  8. 8. The Steam Engine • James Watt • 1765 • England • Powered by steam: expanding and cooling water within a cylinder drove a piston up and down.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  9. 9. Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  10. 10. Mass Production • Cheap products, mass produced quickly. • Poor quality. • Many different styles: classical mythology, Baroque, Gothic, Romanesque, Renaissance. • Lots of Ornamentation: machined lathed/band saw parts were interchangeable.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  11. 11. Steam Engine?• Classical façade.• Excessive Ornamentation Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  12. 12. Toilet?• Reference to classical mythology “Chimaera,” part lion. Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  13. 13. Telephone?• 1888 on top• 1914 on bottom Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  14. 14. New Manufacturing Technologies • Bent Beechwood • Thonet, 1859 Chair No. 14 • Thonet, 1860 RockerDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  15. 15. Mass Marketing • Josiah Wedgewood’s Pottery factory. • Used old energy sources: horses, moving water; not steam; 1769. • First to market to the middle class; pioneer of mass marketing; earthenware that was affordable, aesthetically pleasing, could take sudden changes in temperature; quick to produce.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  16. 16. Singer Sewing Machines • 1850- Isaac Merritt Singer designs first in-line shuttle sewing machine. • 1855- Singer becomes the worlds largest sewing company. Singer begins overseas expansion, starting in Paris, France, making Singer the world’s first international company.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  17. 17. Installment Payments • 1856- Edward Clark, working for the Singer Manufacturing Co., originates the “hire-purchase” plan, the prototype for all installment selling or time payment purchases.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  18. 18. World Fairs or Exhibitions They provided an International marketplace, International competition, and exhibited the latest advancements in technology. • London, 1851 • Paris, 1889Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  19. 19. The Road to ModernismDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  20. 20. Changing Aesthetics • Driven largely by new technologies in manufacturing and materials. • Steam bending wood • Steel • Glass • Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  21. 21. Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear C. R. Mackintosh French Furniture CompanyDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  22. 22. Curvilinear vs. Rectilinear Henery van de Velde Frank Lloyd WrightDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  23. 23. Frank Lloyd Wright • Guggenheim Museum • New York, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  24. 24. “Form follows function.” • Louis Sullivan • ChicagoDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  25. 25. Simplification & AbstractionDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  26. 26. Perspective & RationaleDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  27. 27. Corporate Identity • Peter Behrens • AEG - Electrical Products ManufacturerDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  28. 28. The Bauhaus • Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius • Weimar, Dessau, Berlin • Closed in 1933 due to the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany.Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  29. 29. Constructivism Propaganda & Social MessagesDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  30. 30. Streamlining Transportation, Future Forms, & MarketingDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  31. 31. Evolution of a ChairDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  32. 32. Red & Blue Chair Gerrit Reitveld, 1918Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  33. 33. Chair Marcel Breuer, 1921Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  34. 34. Wassily Chair Marcel Breuer, 1925Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  35. 35. Barcelona Chair Mies van der Rohe, 1929Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  36. 36. Grand Comfort LoungeDesign 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  37. 37. Lounge Chair Wood Charles and Ray Eames, 1945Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  38. 38. RAR Rocker Charles and Ray Eames, 1948Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  39. 39. Lounge Chair &Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  40. 40. Tulip Chair Eero Saarinen, 1956Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  41. 41. Panton Chair Verner Panton, 1959Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
  42. 42. That is about all we have time for. Without taking another two hours to cover Scandinavien, Minimalism, Post Modernism, Deconstructivism...Design 200: Introduction to Design Department of Design The Ohio State University
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