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Surrealism FINAL

Surrealism FINAL



Gabby, Arjun and Luke's Surrealism Project. Mr.Read's 4th Hour. 2013.

Gabby, Arjun and Luke's Surrealism Project. Mr.Read's 4th Hour. 2013.



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    Surrealism FINAL Surrealism FINAL Presentation Transcript

    • SurrealismGabby LeBlanc Luke HazenArjun Chadha
    • What is Surrealism?• A 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.
    • Intro to Surrealism• 1920’s-1930’s after WWI.• Surrealism developed out of the avant-garde Dada movement.• Dada was more violent and less artistically based compared to Surrealism.• It began in Paris in 1924 with Andre Breton’s Surrealist Manifesto.
    • Andre Breton• 1896-1966• He was a Dadaist and a Communist.• Founding father and leader of the Surrealist movement.• “Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one expresses… the actual functioning of thought.”
    • Sigmund Freud• Freud has many theories on free association, dream analysis, and the unconscious.• Psychoanalytic interpretation; used to illuminate unconscious mind.
    • Intro to Surrealism• Let go of traditional ways of painting.• Used drugs, alcohol, hypnotism, and hallucinations to provoke the subconscious.• A combination of dreams and reality.• Investigated the mind and new areas of art.
    • Automatists• The way in which the images of the subconscious reached the conscious.• Focused on feeling.• Did not believe in meaning. Andre Masson Automatic Drawing 1924
    • Veristic• Shows the dream world.• Deep meanings.• Subconscious surfaces to the conscious mind where it can be deciphered. Sleep Salvador Dali 1937
    • Max Ernst• 1891-1976• German-born artist who often worked with sculpture, painting, and collages.• Founder of two surrealist techniques decalcomania and frottage.
    • ElephantCelebus1921
    • Loplop introduces Loplop 1930
    • Pieta orRevolution byNight1923
    • La ForetPetrifee1929
    • Europe After the Rain1940
    • Salvador Dali• 1904-1989• Born in Catalonia, Spain.• “Hand-Painted Dream Photographs.”• Paranoid-Critical method.• Tried to decipher his subconscoius world.
    • The Persistence of Memory 1931
    • Dream Causedby the Flight of aBee around aPomegranateOne SecondBeforeAwakening1944
    • Daddy Long-Legs of the Evening… Hope! 1929
    • SoftConstructionwith BoiledBeans1936
    • Rene Magritte• 1898-1967• Core of the Belgian Surrealist group• Experienced his mother’s suicide
    • The RedModel1937
    • The False Mirror 1928
    • The Lovers 1928
    • The Treachery of Images 1929
    • The Rape 1934
    • Frida Kahlo• 1907-1954• Mexican painter born in Coyocan• Used psychological experiences that came from a life of physical suffering.
    • Henry Ford Hospital 1932
    • Self Portraitwith Monkeys 1943
    • The Dream 1940
    • Wounded Deer 1946
    • Joan Miro• 1893-1983• Born in Barcelona• Automatist• Catalan Nationalist
    • TheFarm1921-1922
    • Maternity 1924
    • Carnival of the Harlequin 1924-1925
    • The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) 1924
    • Influences• Surrealism taught the world to see art not merely visually and literally; but to appreciate it in a subconscious level as well.• Made America the art capital.• Resulted in Abstract Expressionism as well as other movements.
    • Summary• Surrealism started from the Dada movement with Andre Breton’s Surrealist Manifesto.• It focused on painting images from the subconscious.• It was influenced by Freudian Theories.• There were two types: Veristic and Automatic.• Lead into Abstract Expressionism and other movements.