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sains upsr

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    sains upsr sains upsr Presentation Transcript

    • SCIENCE UPSR-2010 Paper 018 1 HOUR 15 MINUTE [BILINGUAL / DWI BAHASA]SECTION QUESTION MARK A 1 - 30 60 1 2 B 3 40 4 5 TOTAL MARKS 100
    • DOES NOT COVER YEAR 4 ND 5 LACK OF SCIENCE KNOWLEDGEDON’T UNDERSTAND THE QUESTIONLACK OF SCIENCE TERMINOLOGY POOR OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE YEAR 4, 5 AND 6 - 503 VOCAB
    • CAN’T IDENTIFY THE KEY WORD CAN’T UNDERSTAND THE KEY QUESTION CAN’T MEMORISE KEY ANSWER CAN’T DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN OBSERVATION AND TRENDNO PARAMETER FOR WTC, WTM AND WKTSCAN’T MAKE PREDICTION EXACTLY CAN’T TRANSFER STATEMENT TO TABLE
    • STATEMENTDIAGRAM SECTION B TABLE GRAPH
    • KEY WORDOBSERVATION INFERENCE WHAT TO CHANGE WHAT TO OBSERVE WHAT KEEP THE SAME AIM / PURPOSE RELATIONSHIP / CONCLUSION TREND / PATTERN PREDICTION
    • OBSERVATIONState what you see in the picture, table, graph• What can you say• What can you observe INFERENCEExplain your observation.Give reason based on your observation.
    • Diagram shows a flowering plant in a pot. After 4 days thecondition of the plant looks like as follow.a) Write one observation after 4 days. The plant wiltedb) Based on the observation, give one reason. Because no water / sunlight
    • Number ofelephant 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years a) What can you observe? The number of elephant decreased b) What can you infer? Because of illegal hunting.
    • ERVATION AND INFERENCE River A River B Bigger size fish Smaller size fish OBSERVATION Size of the fish in river A is bigger than river B INFERENCE Because river A has no pollution compare to river B Because fish in river A got enough food than river B
    • CONTROLLING VARIABLESThe things you select in a fair test / experimenteg. What to change? What to measure? What keep the same? Answer Key Parameter + object Size of the ice-cube Amount of water Presence of sunlight Type of plant
    • Parameter Objects Volume of water Size of sponge Number of brick Distance of toy car Temperature of water Type of soil Except:Time, Day, Week, Month and Year
    • 1.2.3.
    • NUMBER OF BRICKS DISTANCE TRAVEL BY TOY CAR / cm 1 100 2 200 3 300WHAT TO CHANGE? NUMBER OF BRICKSWHAT TO OBSERVE? DISTANCE TRAVEL BY TOY CARWHAT KEEP THE SAME? SIZE OF BRICKS / SIZE OF PLANK / TYPE OF TOY CAR
    • PREDICTIONUsing the data / from past experienceState what will happen nextAnswer KeyStudy the trend / pattern changesPredict the number eg 75oC / 10 g / 6cm Predict the situation eg It will stay healthy It will be extinct
    • Predict the number 9 Time / minute 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Water temperature oC 30 40 50 60 70 80 90a. Predict the water temperature at the 9 minute. 75 o c 80 – 70 = 10 10 ÷ 2 = 5 70 + 5 = 75 or 80 - 5 = 75
    • Number of Predict the situationelephant 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years Based on the trend, predict the number of elephant for 2007 The elephant will extinct.
    • INTERPRETING DATAWrite the aim / purpose of investigationState the trend of change in the dataState the relationship between the variablesState the conclusion for the experimentQuestion KeyWhat is the aim / purpose of the investigation?Based on the ….. state the trend in the………What is the relationship between……………..What conclusion can be made from this investigation?
    • i. Aim / purpose To find out the relationship between {what to change} and { what to measure}ii. Trend Increase : From small getting bigger or larger From lower became higher Decrease: From bigger/larger getting smaller From higher getting lower Did not change / unchangediii. Relationship As { what to change} increase / decrease, the {what to measure} increase/ decreaseiv. Conclusion As { what to change} increase / decrease, the {what to measure} increase/ decrease Science concept : Plant needs water to stay alive General statement : Light can be reflected
    • As the WTC increase / decrease the WTM increase / decrease WTC WTMThe bigger the wooden block the longer the rubber band WTC WTMThe wider the base area the longer the time taken to fall WTC WTMAs the number of marbles increase the level of waterincrease
    • Relationshi p Week 1 2 3 4 Number of 20 30 40 50 frogs Number of 5 10 15 20 snakes What is the relationship between the number of frogs and snakes ? As the number of frogs increase, the number of snake increase.
    • Relationshi p WTO WTCThe bigger the wooden block the longer the rubber band Rubber band Wooden block
    • Conclusion Number of Level of water / ml marbles 12 14increase increase 16 18When the number of marbles increase the level of water increase
    • To find out the relationship between WTC and WTMTo investigate the relationship between WTC and WTMTo study the relationship between WTC and WTMTo show the relationship between the number of marblesand the level of water
    • Aim / purpose Battery Switch Bulb Number of Brightness of bulb battery 1 Dim 2 Bright 3 Brighter State the aim of the investigation. To find out the relationship between number of batteries and the brightness of the bulb.
    • Aim / purpose 3cm 6cm 9cm 12cm The length of 3cm 6cm 9cm 12cm string The number of 10 8 6 4 swing(1min) What is the aim of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the length of string and the number of swing.
    • Aim / purpose What do you want to know? Plant needs water to stay alive
    • TrendNumber oftigers 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years a. What is the trend in the number of tigers from 2000 to 2005? Decreasing
    • Pattern Time Length of the shadows (cm) 12.00am 0 1:00 pm 20 2:00 pm 40 3:00 pm 60 4:00 pm 80 5.00 pm 100a. What is the trend for the length of the shadows from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm? Increasing
    • Relationshi p Fertilizer 0 1 2 3 (gm) Height of 0 1.0 1.5 2.0 plants (cm) What is the relationship between the amount of fertilizer and the height of plants ? When / If / As the amount of fertilizer increase, the height of the plant increase.
    • Relationshi p Week 1 2 3 4 Number of 20 30 40 50 frogs Number of 5 10 15 20 snakes What is the relationship between the number of frogs and snakes ? When the number of frog increase, the number of snake Increase.
    • Conclusion What conclusion can be made from this investigation Plants need water to stay alive
    • Conclusion Time ( min) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Water temperature C o 30 40 50 60 70 80 90a. What is the conclusion of the experiment? As the time to heat the water increase, the watertemperature increase
    • ConclusionWhat can you say about this investigation?Plants need bigger space to grow well
    • Conclusion What can you say about this experiment? Light travels in straight line
    • TECHNIQUE FOR ANSWERING STRUCTURED QUESTIONS SPSSteps 1. Read the information given Study the diagram / graph / table of result 2. Look for the 2 main variablesU a. What is changed (W2C) b. What is measured ( W2M) 3. Study the trend / pattern changed Decrease Increase No change 4. Use the key words to answer each question Aim Relationship Conclusion
    • Distance of the torch Size of the shadow (cm) from the ball (cm) 30 50 60 30 What is What is 90 10 measured changeda) In the investigation : i. what is changed? Distance of the torch from the ball ...................................................................... ii. what to measured? The size of the shadow ......................................................................b) What is the aim of the investigation ? the distance of the torch from the ball To find out the relationship between ............................................................. size of the shadow and the .............................................................................
    • Distance of the torch Size of the shadow (cm) from the ball (cm) 3 50 decrease increase 6 30 9 10b) State the relationship between the variables distance of the torch from the ball increase As the ...................................................................................., the size of the shadow decrease ............................................................................................................. c) What conclusion can be made from the investigation? distance of the torch from the ball increase When the ....................................................................................., the size of the shadow decrease .............................................................................................................
    • What is changed Number of batteries 1 2 3 Brightness of the bulbs dim bright brightest What ismeasured a) In the investigation : number of batteries i. what is changed? ..................................................... ii. What is measured? brightness of the bulbs .....................................................b) What is the aim of the investigation ? number of batteries To find out the relationship between .......................................and brightness of the bulbs .........................................................................................................
    • What is changed increase Number of batteries 1 2 3 Brightness of the bulbs dim bright brightest What is increase measuredb) State the relationship between the variables number of bulb increase As the .............................................. the brightness of the bulbs increase ...............................……........c) What conclusion can be made from the investigation? As the number of bulb increase the brightness of the bulbs increase ........................................ ...............................……..........
    • No. of marbles Length of the spring (cm) 3 +3 3 +2 6 5 +3 9 +3 8 12 +4 +3 12D. Predict the length of the spring if 12 marbles are used in this investigation 12 cm .............................................................................................
    • grain of sugar 9.00 am 9.05 am 9.10 am Some grain of sugar is left near the ant trail in the classroom at 9.00 The number of ant is recorded as abovea. What is the aim of the investigation? To find out the relationship between time and the number of antb. State the information gathered in the investigation Time Number of ant
    • c. What is the relationship the information given in (b) When the time increase the number of ant coming also increased. Predict the number of ant coming at 9.15 am 9
    • 3. Identify ( W2C), ( W2M ) from the graph. changes( W2M ) (W2C ) (W2C ) W2M
    • Number of tigers 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years The graph above shows the number of tigers in the junglea) State two information gathered in the investigation? Year Number of tigerb) State the relationship between the two information given in (a) As the year increase the number of tiger decrease
    • c) What is the trend of change in the number of tiger from 2000 to 2005? Decreasing d) State your inference (reason) for answer in ( c ) The forest has been cut down // Illegal hunting / not enough food
    • KELEMAHAN CALON• TIDAK FOKUS• MALAS-TIDAK MENGULANG KAJI PELAJARAN• TIADA DAYA USAHA• CUAI KETIKA MENJAWAB SOALAN• TIDAK MENYEMAK• SUBJEK SAINS TENGGELAM DALAM INGATAN
    • SAINS NAK LULUS SENANGTAPI NAK SCORE A TU YANG PAYAHNYA NAK SCORE A, MURID MESTI MENGUASAI TEKNIK SOALAN BHG.A DAN BHG.B
    • • KETELITIAN ANDA ADALAH PENTING BAGI MENGELAKKAN KESILAPAN 2. KERANA KESILAPAN YANG ANDA LAKUKAN ADALAH SATU PENGINAYAAN UNTUK : I. DIRI ANDA II. IBU BAPA ANDA III. GURU ANDA IV. SEKOLAH