A Frame Work To Strength Resilience Resilience can be defined as: ‘Normal development under difficult conditions (Fonagy et al 1994). This is to say, we find and strengthen protective factors for young person. In some cases if those protective factors cannot be found then other thresholds and interventions must be considered.
Three ecological levels or dimensions are as follows• Young Person• Family Relationships• Wider Community
1. The Young Person• The individual, for example, in dispositional and temperamental attributes. In simple terms “the way they are such as happy or sad, etc. Are they easy going or angry and what are they good at.
2.Family Relationships.• Close relationships or substitute family relationships, for example in secure attachments.
3. The Wider Community• The wider community means other supports. For those children of school age, the importance of school can be highlighted for the following reasons as well as educational values,• School can act as a complimentary secure base.• It can help children develop cognitively.• It can provide charismatic people who may make up for certain parental deficits.Good educational attainment is associated with good outcome.
Education ContinuedSchool also offers other resilience factors such as peer relationships, opportunities to build self-esteem and give boundaries and routines
Wider Community• Other agencies can improve home conditions and relationships within he family.• Also over appropriate relationships and bring protection and emotional warmth into the home.• They teach family values and give routines and boundaries.• Make assessments and interventions
The next steps• Professionals Need to consider each young person under each domain and identify the specific areas of strengths and weakness to each young person. Then a plan needs to be made on how best to improve that domain and with the the plan can be reviewed at the next meeting and by professionals during the course of their day to day contact family.
Assessing and Promoting ResilienceThe 6 domains are as follows:• 1. Secure Base: This domain of resilience acts as a focus for deliberate strategies of basic care, routines. Etc (Family/Carer).• 2. Education: Good education is associated with good outcomes and is therefore a protective factor.
Domains Continued• 3. Friendships:• Resilience is associated with having a generally positive peer relationships.• 4. Talents and Interests:• Self-esteem is one of the fundamental building blocks of resilience
Domains continued• 5. Positive Values:• Holding positive values and having the capacity to act in a helpful, caring and responsible was towards others is associated with resilience.• 6. Social competence• Social competence is possessing and using the ability to integrate thinking, feelings and behaviours to achieve social tasks.