This presentation demonstrates the new capabilities of PowerPoint and it is best viewed in Slide Show. These slides are designed to give you great ideas for the presentations you’ll create in PowerPoint 2010!For more sample templates, click the File tab, and then on the New tab, click Sample Templates.
The Nature of Science
Exploring the world of SCIENCE…The TEACHING of SCIENCE
The TEACHING of SCIENCE Science The Instructional Resources as a Science and Materials Subject Processes for Science Teaching
“What is the most interestingsubject in the schoolcurriculum?”
Science as a subject, deals withalmost everything in theenvironment. The topics leave thestudents and even adultswonderstruck, stunned and awed.
The instructionalmaterials that can beused in teaching areabundant, rich andeasily available. Theyare within reach.
The principles andlaws in science whenapplied enable us tocome up with new andimproved products andnew ways of doingthings.
Equipped with scientificknowledge we become creative,that means, we are able tooriginate novel ways of doingthings rather that follow out datedtraditional ways and practice.
Scientific knowledge andprocedures make us competentin searching for new and betterways of explaining why andhow events occur and exist inthe environment and all overour earth.
Science teaching keeps usabreast with discoveries andinventions, thus at pace withglobal trends andmodernization.
The SCIENCE ProcessesDeveloping the students’ competence in searching for knowledge and information
INFERRINGInfer means to state an idea whichis based on observations.An inference is an interpretationor a tentative conclusion based onobservations.
Advantages in Developing the Skill1. The skill can lead them into investigationsfollowing the scientific method.2. Inferring can enhance their reasoningability.
3. They will be motivated to gathermore observations in order to formcorrect inferences.
How to Develop the Skill1. Provide more practice on inferring tosharpen their reasoning ability.2. When asking for inferences, cautionthem in forming ideas only after gatheringenough observations that were thoroughlyanalysed.
3. Problem solving that calls fortentative conclusions can developthe skill in the long run.
PredictingIt is the process of making a forecastbased on observed events.The predictions made betweenobserved data is called interpolationand one made beyond observed datais called extrapolation.
Advantages in Developing the Skill1. With the skill well-developed, studentsbecome more careful in making forecasts,otherwise they will turn out to be guesses.2. Skill in predicting speaks of a scientificmind.
3. For as long as the forecast is basedon reliable data, this is a guarantee thatstudents will always be confident infollowing the scientific method.4. Constant practice in predictingmakes students stick to accuratemeasurements, data and otherinformation.
How to Develop the Skill1. Record observations in the form of graphs ortabulations where students can see a trend or apattern.2. Provide experiences in making forecasts aboutevents in the environment that are controlled bytime, measuring equipment and price.
3. Emphasize that there may be severalvariables that can affect the predictedevent; hence the prediction will not beaccurate.4. Caution them on making predictionsbeyond observed events because thesame results cannot be guaranteed.
Controlling Variables Variable is the factor or condition of the effect of which is being tested.
The variables in an experiment areclassified into three: Manipulated variable Constant variable Responding variable
Advantages in Developing the Skill1. The students become skilled insearching for reliable evidence beforeformulating a conclusion.2. The training on how to design onexperiment is developed.
3. Such a controlled set-up enablesstudents to follow the scientificmethod.
How to Develop the Skill1. Before proceeding, identifyclearly the variable to be changed.2. Be strict with keeping the rest ofthe conditions the same.
3. Provide practice in this kind ofactivity. They will be trained insearching for cause-and-effects insome conditions in the environment.4. How to arrive at correctconclusions must be the objective.
Interpreting Data Data collected from a variable in an experiment should be analyzed thoroughly in order to arrive at a clear and reliable conclusion.
Advantages in Developing the Skill1. The students become skilled indetermining relationship betweenvariables, proficiency much-needed ininterpreting results.
2. The exercise will sharpentheir ability in observing andrecording data in an orderlymanner.3. Proficiency in interpretingobservations will bedeveloped.
How to Develop the Skill1. Train them in presenting datathrough various illustrations such ascolored graphs, circular diagrams toshow percentages and tabulations .
2. Let them interpret different kinds ofrelationship in order to make themdifferentiate between relevant andirrelevant data. 3. An objective and unbiasedinterpretation form part of their studyand work habits.
Experimenting The skill in experimenting is the final test that requires competence in science processes especially controlling variables, interpreting data and formulating hypothesis.
Advantages in Developing the Skill1. A scientific mind that has cultivateda scientific methodology is definitelyone the best goals of science teaching.
2. The skill in experimenting has a lastingeffect on how they approach any learningactivity, individually or in cooperation withco-experimenters. 3. It becomes easy for students to try toseek solutions or answers to everydayproblems and questions .
How to Develop the Skill1. Making every learning activity problem-based and solution-oriented is ideal in ascience course.2. The scientific methodology becomesperfected if the students experiencesuccess and is recognized.
3. Involve the students in planning andimplementing the designed set-up.4. Revision in some steps in theprocedure may be allowed in order toenhance their creativity in findingappropriate answers to everyday inquiries.
INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES and MATERIALS for SCIENCE TEACHING
The TEACHING of SCIENCEPrepared by:Ms. Gizzelle A. Pangilinan