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Gianluca TognonSpecialist in Food Science and Human Nutritionwww.gianlucatognon.comwww.epilife.seWhat is a "healthy diet"?...
Today in Sweden….Bär: Okej i måttliga mängder. Goda med vispad gräddeSource: http://www.kostdoktorn.se/lchf/
50 years ago in Finland ...
In 1972, as people realized that it was notnormal to suffer from chest pain before theage of 50, a national community-base...
People were educated to pay attention tohealth related issues, particularlysmoking and dietPrograms at workplaces to losew...
Diet• The industry focused on the development oflow fat/salt dairy and meat products• Close collaboration with vegetable o...
What happened?• Finland has reduced the number of heartattacks by 75% since the early 1970s• Many still die for cardiovasc...
• Published in 1972• 4 steps:approach, weightloss, pre-maintenanceand definitivemaintenance• Carbohydrate intake isreduced...
• Published in a bookin 1995• 40% energy fromcarbohydrates, 30%from protein, 30%from fat• It is supposed toimprove the pla...
• Attack (3-10 days): proteinpredominate (eggs, fish, meatand dairy products low infat), fruit and vegetablesbanned• Cruis...
Low carb/High fat (LCHF)• Up to 70% of energy fromfat• High intakes of animal andvegetable fat products• High intakes of v...
The Mediterranean diet
General features
Children: The Idefics StudyA European study including 16,224 boys andgirls, aged 2 - 9 years from 8 different countries:Sw...
Adults: The VästerbottenIntervention Program•90,000 men and women from the North of Sweden•The largest Swedish population ...
Elderly: The H70 StudyAround 1,300 men and women from Gothenburgand interviewed in their 70s in different periodssince the...
Can we translate this into aSwedish Healthy diet?Cereal grainsFish and shell fishFruit, berries and nutsVegetables and leg...
Thanks for your attention!Gianluca Tognonwww.gianlucatognon.comwww.epilife.se
Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet
Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet
Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet
Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet
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Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet

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What is a "healthy diet"? The health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are well known. However, many different kinds of diets have also been proposed: LCHF, low-fat, even blood type diets! How to disentangle the intricate web of healthy diets? Does diet really make a difference?

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Transcript of "Ideas from an Italian nutritionist who ended up in Scandinavia to study the Mediterranean diet"

  1. 1. Gianluca TognonSpecialist in Food Science and Human Nutritionwww.gianlucatognon.comwww.epilife.seWhat is a "healthy diet"?The health benefits of theMediterranean diet arewell known.However, many differentkinds of diets have alsobeen proposed:LCHF, low-fat, even bloodtype diets! How todisentangle the intricateweb of healthy diets?Does diet really make adifference?foto Cornelia Schmidt
  2. 2. Today in Sweden….Bär: Okej i måttliga mängder. Goda med vispad gräddeSource: http://www.kostdoktorn.se/lchf/
  3. 3. 50 years ago in Finland ...
  4. 4. In 1972, as people realized that it was notnormal to suffer from chest pain before theage of 50, a national community-basedprogram was set up to reduce the risk factorsfor cardiovascular diseases
  5. 5. People were educated to pay attention tohealth related issues, particularlysmoking and dietPrograms at workplaces to loseweight, quit smoking or to increase theavailability of vegetables at work canteensTV series were broadcast where a group ofpeople volunteered to make healthylifestyle changes with the help of experts
  6. 6. Diet• The industry focused on the development oflow fat/salt dairy and meat products• Close collaboration with vegetable oil productmanufacturers to produce healthier spreads• A project that encouraged people to growberries
  7. 7. What happened?• Finland has reduced the number of heartattacks by 75% since the early 1970s• Many still die for cardiovascular diseasescompared to some other countries, but resultshave still been tremendous and this is clearlydue to the reduction in risk factors
  8. 8. • Published in 1972• 4 steps:approach, weightloss, pre-maintenanceand definitivemaintenance• Carbohydrate intake isreduced to 20 g perday and subsequentlyincreased
  9. 9. • Published in a bookin 1995• 40% energy fromcarbohydrates, 30%from protein, 30%from fat• It is supposed toimprove the plasmalipid values
  10. 10. • Attack (3-10 days): proteinpredominate (eggs, fish, meatand dairy products low infat), fruit and vegetablesbanned• Cruise (one week for each kgto lose): in additionvegetables low in sugar.• Consolidation (10 days forevery kg of weight lost)reappear carbohydrates, butthe regime is still not optimalfor the body
  11. 11. Low carb/High fat (LCHF)• Up to 70% of energy fromfat• High intakes of animal andvegetable fat products• High intakes of vegetables• Small intakes oflegumes, fruit, nuts• No cereal grains, potatoesand no sweet products
  12. 12. The Mediterranean diet
  13. 13. General features
  14. 14. Children: The Idefics StudyA European study including 16,224 boys andgirls, aged 2 - 9 years from 8 different countries:Sweden, Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Germany, Hungary and SpainMediterraneanDietHealthy weight
  15. 15. Adults: The VästerbottenIntervention Program•90,000 men and women from the North of Sweden•The largest Swedish population study on nutritionMediterraneanDiet• Longer life overall• Less deaths forcardiovascular diseasesand cancer
  16. 16. Elderly: The H70 StudyAround 1,300 men and women from Gothenburgand interviewed in their 70s in different periodssince the ’70MediterraneanDietLonger life
  17. 17. Can we translate this into aSwedish Healthy diet?Cereal grainsFish and shell fishFruit, berries and nutsVegetables and legumes
  18. 18. Thanks for your attention!Gianluca Tognonwww.gianlucatognon.comwww.epilife.se
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