Palm Beach County High Rise training


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  • This operation depends on all companies completing their assigned task in a timely fashion. If you are unable to complete your task in a timely fashion you need to advise command of why and what you need to complete it.
  • All crews operating within the structure may need to be removed if communications are not consistent. PBCFR BOSS requires new construction to meet minimum radio transmission and reception standards, if the building can not meet the standard a repeater must be installed. Existing construction is exempt.
  • Initial attack crews should rehab in a safe area close to the fire floor. They should not descend to street level until adequate personnel are in place to maintain the firefight.
  • The yellow object in the lower right corner is a door marking device. Hanging on the door handle is indicative of primary search complete. Folded and hanging is indicative of secondary search complete. The black “extra” female coupling is a Zip Nut it pushes on rather than turning on to the male.
  • The ECF will be able to maintain accountability for the crews that ascend and hand off the information to command/lobby control. If the company is not using the elevator take the DO with them and leave the command board in the lobby.
  • First in companies may lose the ability to communicate. The building systems such as a PA system in the all call mode may allow for communications from the lobby to upper floors. Phones in rooms, or cell phones may be used to call the lobby if the crews have the number. Fire service phones will have jacks near the stairs or elevators.
  • The lowest level of smoke detector activation is a good indicator of where the fire may be – smoke rises!
  • When operating in fire service mode – also called phase 2 – the buttons must be held in to control the elevator.
  • Checking the layout of the floors below may save your life. Know the locations of hose cabinets, stairwells and apartments. Stairwells may be your only safe refuge! There is usually a diagram near the elevator or stairs.
  • Help the DO only to the point that they can function on their own – get up to the fire floor!
  • If equipment is to be carried to staging rather than moved in the elevator make sure that you assign enough personnel so that they are carrying equipment for two floors only.
  • Beware of wind driven fires. Winds blowing through windows can force fire out an open apartment door and down the hallway very rapidly – faster than firefighters can move. Keep apartment doors closed and close those that have been left open ASAP. Be alert for signs of wind driven fire such as windows that have no glass but fire burning in them – the wind is blowing the fire away from the window. Apartment doors with fire blowing from the peep hole. Pressurized smoke from around apartment doors. Steel apartment doors that are glowing. Consider using the piercing nozzle from the apartment next to the fire apartment to achieve knockdown.
  • Palm Beach County High Rise training

    1. 1. Approved by The Fire Chiefs Association of Palm Beach County and The Fire Training Officers of The Palm Beaches
    2. 2. <ul><li>To provide a standardized method of organizing resources, developing strategies, and managing tactical operations that protects life and minimizes damage at high rise incidents. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>This S.O.G. is intended to provide a starting point from which to build an incident organization that will sustain firefighting and rescue efforts during a high-rise fire. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Deals with first alarm assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Based on “company” concept. A company is a minimum of 4 personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies pre-assigned duties </li></ul><ul><li>This S.O.G. is designed to be objective oriented, based on human resource requirements. Incident commanders must address these objectives in priority order while providing adequate human resources. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Staging- Two floors below the fire floor. SCBAs, necessary tools and equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Base - Two blocks away from the scene. </li></ul><ul><li>E.C.F.- Elevator Control Firefighter, controls the operation of the elevator. </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby Control- Level 3 accountability of all personnel above the first floor. Controls elevators not in use by ECF and access to stairwells. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Access to fire floor </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue of occupants </li></ul><ul><li>Fire control </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure protection </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation/Smoke spread </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Palm Beach County Fire Rescue Dispatch Protocol dictates a high rise assignment for buildings three stories and greater.
    8. 8. <ul><li>The hazards to firefighters are magnified exponentially due to the size, height, and potential high occupancy loads present in high-rise buildings. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>If 800-mhz radios are ineffective in a high rise building, then the simplex “talk-around” channels should be used. Simplex channels are 14A, 14B, and 15A for PBCFR system. Simplex channels have a limited range of approximately one mile. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>The Incident Commander should assign a Communications Aide to monitor the working simplex channel. Dispatch is unable to hear or record transmission of simplex channels. Any assignment of alternate channels should be done prior to entry if possible. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Initial fire attack crews will likely experience a delay in getting relief or help. </li></ul><ul><li>High-rise structures can hide a significant amount of smoke and/or fire, making it difficult to determine the scope of the incident from outside the structure at the time of arrival. </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Successful high-rise operations are offensive in nature and require an aggressive, well-staffed, well-coordinated attack of the fire. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>In most high-rise fires, the occupants will benefit from an immediate aggressive fire attack in conjunction with comprehensive rescue, evacuation and ventilation efforts. </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Apparatus Placement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address side/main entrance of building in position for aerial use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary Objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Attack </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide Arrival Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call for additional alarms, if needed </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><ul><li>High rise pack (minimum 100’ 1 ¾” hose, combination nozzle high-rise double gated wye, spanner wrenches) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TIC, portable radio, hand lights, spare SCBA cylinder (only if taking the elevator), building & elevator keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forcible entry tools. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. <ul><li>Proceed to Lobby </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain keys, building phone handsets, lobby phone number </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alarm Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check panel to determine location and type of alarm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establish Command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advise floor, method of ascent, and PAR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accountability Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D/O will be the E levator C ontrol F irefighter w/ tactical accountability board and UIP’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If no elevator used, leave tactical accountability board in the lobby for lobby control personnel. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 20. <ul><li>Method of Ascent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use Elevators with Caution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90% fail at approx. 20 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider only if fire is above the7 th floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exit elevator 2 floors below reported fire floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECF will use “Fire Service” mode </li></ul></ul>
    18. 21. <ul><li>The elevator must have a Fire Service Elevator Control switch </li></ul><ul><li>Always check the elevator shaft for smoke – do not use the elevator if smoke is present. </li></ul><ul><li>Always check the elevator shaft for water – do not use the elevator if water is present. </li></ul>
    19. 23. <ul><li>Floor Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check floor conditions and floor layout as the company ascends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check at least every 5 floors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess need for ventilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exit two floors below fire floor </li></ul></ul>
    20. 24. <ul><li>The company will assess for future staging location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two floors below fire floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check conditions for future Staging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine stairs closest to fire (attack stairwell) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECF will leave spare SCBA cylinders two floors below fire floor for future staging. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If no ECF, leave spare cylinders in the lobby. </li></ul></ul>
    21. 25. <ul><li>Identify Evacuation and Fire Attack Stairwell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Announce over radio I.E. “North side stairwell # 2 is attack stairwell.” “South side stairwell #1 is evacuation stairwell.” Use the names that are provided on the building signs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform ventilation assessment – request as required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The company will proceed to the fire floor </li></ul>
    22. 26. <ul><li>Constantly assess the need for ventilation and request through command (if available). Ensure that a hose line is readily available and charged prior to making this request as fire conditions may change drastically with ventilation. </li></ul>
    23. 27. <ul><li>Hook to standpipe in stairwell of fire floor if fire conditions permit, flake hose up the stairs and back down. </li></ul><ul><li>If fire conditions do not permit hook up in the fire stairwell hook to standpipe on the floor below. </li></ul><ul><li>Advise dispatch, or E.C.F. “ E-4 entering 21 st floor on fire attack with a par of 3.” </li></ul>
    24. 28. <ul><li>Combination </li></ul><ul><li>Nozzle </li></ul><ul><li>(FOG) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100’ of 1¾” flowing 150 GPM at 50 psi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May cause disruption of thermal layering. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 29. <ul><li>Smooth Bore </li></ul><ul><li>(Breakaway) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100’ of 1¾” flowing 185 GPM at 50 psi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15/16” Tip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces steam in non-vented areas, maintains better visibility. </li></ul></ul>
    26. 30. <ul><li>Water weighs 8.34 pounds per gallon. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiply 150 or 185 gallons per minute by the weight of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Equals 1250 to 1500 pounds of water per minute. </li></ul><ul><li>High-rises are not designed to sustain that much weight in one small area. </li></ul>
    27. 31. <ul><li>Side A of the building </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for victim rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for portable stand pipe evolution – last resort for water supply. </li></ul>
    28. 32. <ul><li>The following system shall be utilized to avoid duplication of effort. The high rise pack should be equipped with a piece of chalk, a construction crayon or a commercial door marking device. As crews enter a floor or room, a single large diagonal line, along with the company designation, shall be marked on the entry door. </li></ul>
    29. 33. <ul><li>When the floor or room has been searched, a second diagonal line is marked on the door to complete the “X”. The door shall be left closed to minimize smoke and fire spread. This can be repeated to indicate completion of secondary search. </li></ul>
    30. 34. <ul><li>Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Pump to the Standpipe/ sprinkler no more than 200 psi Position apparatus to supply FDC. </li></ul><ul><li>Back Up </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with attack company to ascertain need for back up line. If not required, assume RIC function in fire floor stairwell </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Intervention Crew </li></ul><ul><li>An entire company (minimum 4 personnel) should be assigned as the RIC and will be deployed to the fire floor stairwell. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    31. 36. <ul><li>The company will proceed to the lobby area and if a Chief Officer has not yet arrived, the Officer will establish/assume command. </li></ul><ul><li>The company shall commence with lobby control operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign one member of company as Site Access Control Leader to initiate Level 3 Accountability. Gather UIP’s from previous arriving companies. </li></ul>
    32. 37. <ul><li>Forcible entry tools, life safety/search rope </li></ul><ul><li>Hand lights, pike poles/hooks </li></ul><ul><li>Portable radios </li></ul><ul><li>TIC </li></ul><ul><li>Spare SCBA cylinders </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical accountability boards </li></ul><ul><li>UIP </li></ul><ul><li>EMS equipment (airway, backboards) </li></ul>
    33. 38. <ul><li>Companies that enter the lobby from this time forward will need to be tracked by unit identification, number of members, where they are going, stairwell or elevator number being used, time they went up, air supply and to whom they will be reporting. </li></ul>
    34. 39. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Return all other elevators to ground floor and verify that all occupants are removed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control stairwell access </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact building engineer or fire protection service contractor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check and gain control of HVAC systems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire pumps/control room </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency generator </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish movement of equipment to two floors below fire for future Staging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 40. <ul><li>The ECF will deliver spare SCBA cylinders, along with ropes, hose and nozzles, pike poles/hooks to two floors below the fire. If elevators are not being used, stockpile the equipment in the lobby. </li></ul>
    36. 41. <ul><li>The ECF will deliver the company to two floors below the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>The company will ascend using the “attack” stairwell to the floor above the fire(may have to use “evac” stairwell depending on fire conditions)to access the floor above . </li></ul>
    37. 42. <ul><li>Constantly assess ventilation needs and request through command. Always ensure that fire attack has an operating hose-line prior to request. </li></ul>
    38. 43. <ul><li>Forcible entry tools </li></ul><ul><li>Hand lights </li></ul><ul><li>Portable radios, TIC, UIP and a door marking device. </li></ul>
    39. 44. <ul><li>Check floor above fire for extension and smoke conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Perform search </li></ul><ul><li>Perform evacuations and rescue as required </li></ul>
    40. 45. <ul><li>Assess the need for ventilation and request through command. Always ensure that fire attack has an operating hose line prior to request. </li></ul><ul><li>This company is working above the fire without spare SCBA cylinders and must pay close attention to their position in the building and their air supply. </li></ul>
    41. 46. <ul><li>Request re-assignment when completed. Do not self deploy to the floor above. Spare SCBA cylinders must be retrieved before deployment above the fire. </li></ul>
    42. 47. <ul><li>The company will determine the number of stairwells in the building and their location prior to entry. </li></ul><ul><li>The ECF will deliver the company two floors below the fire. </li></ul>
    43. 48. <ul><li>Constantly assess the need for ventilation and request through command. </li></ul><ul><li>The company will ascend to the top of the “attack”stairwell (may have to use “evac” stairwell, depending on fire conditions) search the top of all stairways and the top floor. </li></ul><ul><li>The company will then complete a search of all stairwells. </li></ul>
    44. 49. <ul><li>Forcible entry tools </li></ul><ul><li>Hand lights </li></ul><ul><li>Portable radios, TIC, UIP and a door marking device. </li></ul><ul><li>One spare SCBA cylinder for each member, to remain with them while above the fire floor. </li></ul>
    45. 50. <ul><li>Assume command of incident. Transfer will be from unit in lobby. If transferred from lobby, a face-to-face would be appropriate if possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish an effective exterior command post. </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain progress of fire conditions and call for additional resources, if necessary. </li></ul>
    46. 51. <ul><li>Make specific assignments in priority order for additional Chief Officers: </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Floor Division Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby Control Unit Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Floor above fire division supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Incident Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Operations (two floors below fire) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify incident objectives and assign additional personnel accordingly. </li></ul>
    47. 52. <ul><li>Remember that per the National Fire Service Incident Management System Consortium publication “Model Procedures Guide for High Rise Firefighting” it will take three companies of four personnel to keep one hose-line flowing continuously and three more companies for each additional hose-line. </li></ul>