The nature of religion and beliefs review prelim sor
The Nature of Beliefs S
Define the Supernatural DimensionS The Supernatural dimension is: S Aspects of the human experience that is beyond its comprehension or ability to explain. S An element that is attributed to the creation or formation of the current realm of existence
Transcendent WorldviewS A belief in a divine power and/or powers beyond the human
Immanent WorldviewS Belief in a divine power and/or powers dwelling within the individual
Characteristics of ReligionS Beliefs and BelieversS Sacred Texts and WritingsS EthicsS Rituals and Ceremonies
Define the Chrateristics of ReligionS Beliefs and Believers S Beliefs – an acceptance of something as real or true. S Believers – The adherence to a particular religion.S Sacred Text and Writings S Written, visual or oral texts that contain the truths of a particular religion and provide guidanceS Ethics S Moral principles that govern a person or group behaviour providing guidelines to proper and improper behaviours.S Rituals and Ceremonies S A set or series of actions performed in a proscribed order for religious meaning. The practice and practical application of beliefs.
Dynamic Living ReligionS Dynamic S A force that stimulates change or progress within a system or processS Living S Alive, relevant and meaningful to the adherent
Characteristics Interact to Create a dynamic living religionS Believers form meaning Formalize their understanding and record through Sacred Texts. The Sacred Texts inform Ethical Teachings and Rituals and Ceremonies. Believers abide by Ethical Teachings and Perform Rituals and Ceremonies.S Sacred Texts maintain the integrity of the Principle Beliefs.S As the adherents develop over time, their interpretation of Sacred Texts can cause changes in its expression. (i.e. Ethical Teachings and Rituals and Ceremonies)
Contribution of Religion to Society - IndividualS Helps construct meaningS Gives ethical guidanceS Gives a sense of belonging
Contribution of Religion to Society - CommunityS Social CohesionS Conservative force (sexual morality)S Progressive force (social justice/reforms)
Aboriginal Beliefs and Spiritualities The Dreaming S
The Nature of the Dreaming – Definition of DreamingS A belief system of the Aboriginal PeopleS A complex concept of fundamental importance to Aboriginal culture that embraces the creative era in which Ancestral beings instituted Aboriginal society as well as the present and future.
The Nature of the Dreaming – OriginsS Refers to the ‘Dreamtime’S The ancestral spirits interacted with the physical world, shaping the landscape and instituting indigenous culture/law/rituals.S Eg, Rainbow Serpent
The Nature of the Dreaming – Stories of the DreamingS Relate the stories of the ‘Dreamtime’S Contain sacred knowledge (secret sacred) of the origins of the universe, rituals and law as well as practical geographical instruction (i.e. hunting sites, ceremonial sites) which establishes connection to ‘their’ country (land)S Two primary styles of story S Origin S Etiological
The Nature of the Dreaming – Sacred SitesS The places where ancestral beings became a part of ‘their’ land.S Can refer to communal, gender specific or sites restricted to elders, initiates or non-initiates (eg, Karlu Karlu)S Gives responsibility of the person/tribe to specific sites linked to ‘their’ ancestor spirits (ritual estate)
The Nature of the Dreaming – ArtS A visual expression of the spiritual reality.S Art communicates the dreaming, enables passage of knowledge and represents religious and social relationships (kinship)
The Inextricable Connection of the Dreaming, the Land and IdentityS Dreaming Land S Time of creating and bestowing the land to the Aboriginal people by ‘their’ Ancestral spirits S Sacred sites represent the resting place of ‘their’ Ancestral spirits S Specific sense of responsibility to ‘their’ geographical centre (ritual estate)
The Inextricable Connection of the Dreaming, the Land and IdentityS Dreaming Land Identity S Expressed through the use of Totemic representation S Identifies with an animal, plant or particular landmark through which a person is linked to the Ancestral spirit responsible for their existence. S Celebrated through rituals and ceremonies S Acknowledge the role of the Ancestral spirit in their past, present and future S Concreted through their place in a social structure or ‘kinship’ group and their obligations/responsibilities to that group.