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Principle Beliefs of Christianity
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Principle Beliefs of Christianity

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  • 1.  Protestant Approach Catholic Approach FUNDAMENTALISM – theunderstanding that upholds thestrict, literal interpretation ofthe Bible INTERPRETATIVE – theunderstanding that the Bibleshould be interpreted andmade relevant to our lives
  • 2. P3 investigates religious traditions and belief systemsP4 examines significant aspects of religious traditionsP8 Uses appropriate terminology relates to religion and belief systems
  • 3. The belief that God hasinteracted with the world inthree different ways: God the Father, Creator of the Universe(bringing God’s new life to all creation) God the Son, Jesus Christ, Redeemerand Sustainer of Life (turning allcreation from sin and darkness andmore fully to God) God the Holy Spirit, the Sanctifier(blessing and making Holy)
  • 4. Christians believe in amonotheistic, transcendent Godthat is the Creator of all thingsThis SAME GOD is known asTHREE DISTINCT PERSONS: God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit It is the deepest Mystery andcentral dogma All three persons of the Trinity acttogether as the One God; eachperson of the Trinity is distinct butnever separate
  • 5. Nature of God and theTrinityGenesis 1: 1Exodus 20: 2-4Matthew 28: 19John 14: 6-7John 14: 26Acts 2: 1-51 Corinthians 12: 1, 4-8Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief ina monotheistic,transcendent Godand the Trinity:Passage Summary ExplanationGenesis 1: 1
  • 6. This teaching defines thenature of Jesus as a historical,tangible human person AND‘of the same substance’ as Godthe Father, thus divine. HUMAN: Jesus was born, ate, drank, slept,knew joy, suffering, uncertainty and loss.Could be tortured and killed. DIVINITY: Jesus’ role on earth was to bethe Saviour of humanity and defeater ofdeath. He was capable of miracles,defeating death via the resurrection andascended into heaven.
  • 7. Disputed throughout earlyChristianity, the argument overwhether Jesus was human or divinewas decided at the Council ofNicaea in 325 CE.It was accepted that Jesus was bothhuman and divine and the doctrineof the Holy Trinity was formulatedTherefore, Jesus was a humanperson that lived in a particular timeand place with the normal humanexperiences and limitations, yet hewas divine, capable of miracles andthe resurrection from the dead.
  • 8. Divinity andHumanity of ChristJohn 1: 14Luke 1: 31 and Luke 1: 35Matthew 17: 1-9 and2 Peter 1: 16-18Luke 22: 44Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief inthe divinity andhumanity of Christ:Passage Summary ExplanationJohn 1: 14
  • 9. The belief that Jesus’ death wasimportant to destroy sin andgive humanity the opportunityfor eternal lifeThe belief that the resurrectionof the body will occur for all atthe Final Judgement
  • 10. Salvation is the beliefthat human beingsrequire deliveranceby God from thepower of Sin
  • 11.  The Gospels’ record the trial, crucifixion, death, burial, resurrection andascension of Jesus. Referred to as his PASSION. AS HUMAN, Jesus was capable of suffering and dying. In Jesus’ death, Christians believe that SALVATION has been made available toALL PEOPLE and SINS forgiven AS DIVINE, a part of GOD, Jesus was capable of defeating death. He returnedin a glorified state. Jesus’ resurrection is the proof of the future resurrection of all people.THE HEART AND FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITYHumanity and Divinity+Death and Resurrection+Salvation
  • 12. Salvation can be experienced NOWbut is fully REVEALED in Heaven, inthe presence of GodThere are obstacles in life, as humanJesus experienced some of these. Assuch, people cannot achieve it forthemselves and only through God’sgrace can it be truly realised.Jesus Christ is central for Salvation
  • 13. Death and Resurrection ofJesusMark 15: 37Mark 16: 6-7Mark 16: 19Salvation• John 3: 16• John 10: 10• John 11: 23-27• John 14: 6-7• Acts 15: 11Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian beliefsin the death andresurrection of ChristAND Salvation:Passage Summary ExplanationMark 15: 37
  • 14. The transmissionof knowledge fromthe divine to thehumanBiblical RevelationJESUS God’s interaction withhumanityExodus EventAnnunciationProphets
  • 15. Revelation is the interaction between God andHumanity; of God actually interfering in HUMANHISTORYIt reveals truths previously hidden or partly knownProof of God’s love and desire for a relationship withall humankindUltimate revelation = JesusThe Bible is a record of Revelations and is RevelationRevelation
  • 16. Revelation• Exodus 3: 1-6• Jonah 1: 1-2• Matthew 3: 16-17• John 3: 16• Acts 2:1-12Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief inRevelation:Passage Summary ExplanationMark 15: 37
  • 17.  Nature of God and the Trinity Genesis 1: 1 Exodus 20: 2-4 Matthew 28: 19 John 14: 6-7 John 14: 26 Acts 2: 1-5 1 Corinthians 12: 1, 4-8Divinity and Humanity of Christ John 1: 14 Luke 1: 31, 35 Death and Resurrection of Jesus Mark 15: 37 Mark 16: 6-7 Mark 16: 19• Revelation• Matthew 3: 16-17• John 3: 16*• Salvation• John 3: 16*• John 10: 10• John 14: 6-7*• Acts 15: 11Explain how these passagesrelate to each of the majorbeliefs of Christianity.Note the doubled passageswhich are indicated by the *