Protestant Approach Catholic Approach FUNDAMENTALISM – theunderstanding that upholds thestrict, literal interpretation ofthe Bible INTERPRETATIVE – theunderstanding that the Bibleshould be interpreted andmade relevant to our lives
P3 investigates religious traditions and belief systemsP4 examines significant aspects of religious traditionsP8 Uses appropriate terminology relates to religion and belief systems
The belief that God hasinteracted with the world inthree different ways: God the Father, Creator of the Universe(bringing God’s new life to all creation) God the Son, Jesus Christ, Redeemerand Sustainer of Life (turning allcreation from sin and darkness andmore fully to God) God the Holy Spirit, the Sanctifier(blessing and making Holy)
Christians believe in amonotheistic, transcendent Godthat is the Creator of all thingsThis SAME GOD is known asTHREE DISTINCT PERSONS: God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit It is the deepest Mystery andcentral dogma All three persons of the Trinity acttogether as the One God; eachperson of the Trinity is distinct butnever separate
Nature of God and theTrinityGenesis 1: 1Exodus 20: 2-4Matthew 28: 19John 14: 6-7John 14: 26Acts 2: 1-51 Corinthians 12: 1, 4-8Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief ina monotheistic,transcendent Godand the Trinity:Passage Summary ExplanationGenesis 1: 1
This teaching defines thenature of Jesus as a historical,tangible human person AND‘of the same substance’ as Godthe Father, thus divine. HUMAN: Jesus was born, ate, drank, slept,knew joy, suffering, uncertainty and loss.Could be tortured and killed. DIVINITY: Jesus’ role on earth was to bethe Saviour of humanity and defeater ofdeath. He was capable of miracles,defeating death via the resurrection andascended into heaven.
Disputed throughout earlyChristianity, the argument overwhether Jesus was human or divinewas decided at the Council ofNicaea in 325 CE.It was accepted that Jesus was bothhuman and divine and the doctrineof the Holy Trinity was formulatedTherefore, Jesus was a humanperson that lived in a particular timeand place with the normal humanexperiences and limitations, yet hewas divine, capable of miracles andthe resurrection from the dead.
Divinity andHumanity of ChristJohn 1: 14Luke 1: 31 and Luke 1: 35Matthew 17: 1-9 and2 Peter 1: 16-18Luke 22: 44Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief inthe divinity andhumanity of Christ:Passage Summary ExplanationJohn 1: 14
The belief that Jesus’ death wasimportant to destroy sin andgive humanity the opportunityfor eternal lifeThe belief that the resurrectionof the body will occur for all atthe Final Judgement
Salvation is the beliefthat human beingsrequire deliveranceby God from thepower of Sin
The Gospels’ record the trial, crucifixion, death, burial, resurrection andascension of Jesus. Referred to as his PASSION. AS HUMAN, Jesus was capable of suffering and dying. In Jesus’ death, Christians believe that SALVATION has been made available toALL PEOPLE and SINS forgiven AS DIVINE, a part of GOD, Jesus was capable of defeating death. He returnedin a glorified state. Jesus’ resurrection is the proof of the future resurrection of all people.THE HEART AND FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITYHumanity and Divinity+Death and Resurrection+Salvation
Salvation can be experienced NOWbut is fully REVEALED in Heaven, inthe presence of GodThere are obstacles in life, as humanJesus experienced some of these. Assuch, people cannot achieve it forthemselves and only through God’sgrace can it be truly realised.Jesus Christ is central for Salvation
Death and Resurrection ofJesusMark 15: 37Mark 16: 6-7Mark 16: 19Salvation• John 3: 16• John 10: 10• John 11: 23-27• John 14: 6-7• Acts 15: 11Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian beliefsin the death andresurrection of ChristAND Salvation:Passage Summary ExplanationMark 15: 37
Revelation is the interaction between God andHumanity; of God actually interfering in HUMANHISTORYIt reveals truths previously hidden or partly knownProof of God’s love and desire for a relationship withall humankindUltimate revelation = JesusThe Bible is a record of Revelations and is RevelationRevelation
Revelation• Exodus 3: 1-6• Jonah 1: 1-2• Matthew 3: 16-17• John 3: 16• Acts 2:1-12Extracts from theBible that illustratesthe Christian belief inRevelation:Passage Summary ExplanationMark 15: 37
Nature of God and the Trinity Genesis 1: 1 Exodus 20: 2-4 Matthew 28: 19 John 14: 6-7 John 14: 26 Acts 2: 1-5 1 Corinthians 12: 1, 4-8Divinity and Humanity of Christ John 1: 14 Luke 1: 31, 35 Death and Resurrection of Jesus Mark 15: 37 Mark 16: 6-7 Mark 16: 19• Revelation• Matthew 3: 16-17• John 3: 16*• Salvation• John 3: 16*• John 10: 10• John 14: 6-7*• Acts 15: 11Explain how these passagesrelate to each of the majorbeliefs of Christianity.Note the doubled passageswhich are indicated by the *