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Australian aboriginal beliefs and spiritualities terminology

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  • 1. AUSTRALIANABORIGINALBELIEFS ANDSPIRITUALTIES TERMINOLOGY
  • 2. INDIGENOUS PEOPLE Those people who arethe original inhabitants of any country
  • 3. ABORIGINALDerived from the Latin ab origine, meaning “from the beginning”. This is the term given to theIndigenous peoples of Australians by the Europeans
  • 4. Koori – (South) NSW, Victoria, TasmaniaMurri – QueenslandYolngu – Northern TerritoryNunga – South AustraliaNyungah – Western Australia
  • 5. TORRES STRAIT ISLANDERThe indigenous people of theTorres Strait Islands which arelocated north of the Cape YorkPeninsula and south of Papua NewGuinea.Torres Strait Islanders often use thename of their island community:e.g. Badu, Murray, Yam
  • 6. DREAMINGA complex concept of fundamentalimportance to Aboriginal culture,embracing: • the creative era when the Spiritual Beings and Ancestral Beings roamed and instituted Aboriginal society • the present and future
  • 7. ANCESTRALBEINGSCommonly, this term refers to deities/spiritsregarded as direct ancestors that shapedcreation in the Dreaming and founded theceremonies, marriage laws and other lawsof human society. They continue to exist.
  • 8. COUNTRY The term used byAboriginal people to referto the land in which theybelong and their place of Dreaming
  • 9. SACRED SITESThe places where the ancestralbeings became a part of the land(e.g. watering holes, rocks, trees).Thus the Ancestral Beings remainpresent in the sacred sites,linking past and present, thepeople and the land.
  • 10. KINSHIPThe system of relationships traditionally accepted by aparticular culture and rights and obligations they involve
  • 11. ELDERSKey persons and keepers of various sacred-secret knowledge within Aboriginalcommunities.They are the overseers of the Dreaming tracksHighly respected: matriarchal and patriarchalMatriarchal/patriarchal: a form of socialorganisation in which the mother (L: mater –mother) or Father (L: pater – father) is the headof the family or social group
  • 12. TOTEM An object such as an animal, pant or particularlandmark through which a person is linked to the Ancestral Being responsible for his or her existence