The Online-Life of Media Art-Archives

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Slides from the presentation "The Online-Life of Media Art-Archives", at the conference "Reimagining the Archive", Panel 5.3 – Artists and Archives, UCLA, 12-14.11.2010

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The Online-Life of Media Art-Archives

  1. 1. THE ONLINE-LIFE OF MEDIA ART-ARCHIVES Florian Wiencek, M.A., Jacobs University Bremen Research Center „Visual Communication and Expertise“ (VisComX)14.11.2010 Presentation at the Reimagining the Archive. UCLA, 12-14.11.2010 Panel 5.3 – Artists and Archives
  2. 2. Outline 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  What is new in „Digital Archives“? ¨  How „natively digital“ are current archives and platforms for media art? ¨  What is the discourse space around media art formed by these platforms and archives?
  3. 3. Digital Archives (1) 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  dynamic content à user-generated through queries ¤  „shift from read-only to a generative, participative form of archival reading“ (Ernst 2010, p. 81)
  4. 4. Digital Archives (2) 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  task of the archive is „to meaningfully link up different information nodes“ (Ernst 2010, p. 84) à relation (e.g. through hyperlinks) ¤  „The Internet is a network where a different context is always only one click away, and everyone is engaged in a continuous process of (re)contextualizing. Linking to and commenting on other websites creates information filters, portals, and new contexts.“ (Paul 2010, p. 103)
  5. 5. Digital Archives (3) 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  Distinction of 2 generations of online collections (Cameron 2003) 1.  first generation: thematic solutions / narrative à „digital objects are presented in a hierarchical storyline with theme and subtheme“ (Cameron 2003, p. 3). n  use of classical museum devices (object labels, graphic images , didactic texts) in fixed order n  not many hyperlinks or interactive possibilities n  particular narratives are privileged 2.  second generation: offer alternative pathways through collection by the offer of greater contextual possibilities (e.g. alternative navigation systems (multimedia-, text- or image- based) like semantic maps) n  allows users to create new pathways n  non-hierarchical system ruled by relationships à next generation?
  6. 6. ¨  Categorization of the material 4 Dimensions of Meaning Generation in Digital Visual Archives main categories from virtualart.at main categories from V2_archive
  7. 7. ¨  Categorization of the material ¨  Interactive processes of digital archives ¨  Visualization and contextualization of archive material ¨  Retrieval 4 Dimensions of Meaning Generation in Digital Visual Archives main categories from V2_archive
  8. 8. ¨  Categorization of the material ¨  Interactive processes of digital archives ¨  Visualization and contextualization of archive material ¨  Retrieval 4 Dimensions of Meaning Generation in Digital Visual Archives Semantic Map, netzspannung.org
  9. 9. ¨  Categorization of the material ¨  Interactive processes of digital archives ¨  Visualization and contextualization of archive material ¨  Retrieval 4 Dimensions of Meaning Generation in Digital Visual Archives Advanced Search at GAMA (gama-gateway.eu)
  10. 10. Sample Institutional Archives ¨  Ars Electronica Archiv ¨  V2_archive ¨  virtualart.at ¨  Daniel Langlois Foundation ¨  Medien Kunst Netz à Educational Platform ¨  netzspannung.org à ¨  rhizome.org à Collaborative Online Platform ¨  GAMA à Subject Gateway Archives in Scientific Contexts Educational Platform / Collaborative Online Platform 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  11. 11. How digital are current Online-Archives and -Platforms? 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  Text & images are still the most prevalent mediation- modalities, but also video, audio and other means such as hyperlinks, automated search (dynamic content) and interactive applications / visualizations are used. ¨  natively digital objects (Rogers, 2009) ¤  „objects, content, devices and environments that are ‚born‘ in the new medium, as opposed to those that have ‚migrated’ to it“ (Rogers, 2009, p. 1) à What kind of digital objects does one find in online-archives and –platforms for media art?
  12. 12. Digital Objects in Online-Archives and -Platforms ¨  hyperlinks ¨  hyperlink-lists ¨  static pages ¨  dynamic pages ¤  server generated ¤  based on user-input ¨  interactive data visualization / interactive applications ¨  database-search ¨  search results ¨  related items ¨  media gallery ¨  embedded media ¨  embedded archive content ¨  rollover ¨  information-layering ¤  pop-up windows ¤  html-layer ¨  filter-mechanisms ¨  different views on data ¨  personalized features ¨  community features ¨  comment space ¨  RSS-feeds ¨  share-features ¨  folksonomy / tags ¨  widgets ¨  Wiki ¨  subscribable calendar ¨  multimedia objects (video, flash; hypermedia lecture) ¨  clickable keywords / categories ¨  mailing lists ¨  quotation generator ¨  net art ¨  accessability tools 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  13. 13. Digital Objects // Hyperlinks 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive medienkunstnetz.de: navigation within a site; navigation in a page; position indicator within the site; link to internal sources medienkunstnetz.de: trigger searches via hyperlinks rhizome.org: share-button
  14. 14. Digital Objects // Dynamic Page (Server Generated) 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive V2_archive: aggregated page virtualart.at: random content
  15. 15. 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive Digital Objects // Dynamic Page (Based on User Input) GAMA: search results netzspannung.org: filter-mechanisms
  16. 16. Digital Objects // Database Search 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive GAMA: Advanced Search Ars Electronica Archive: Simple Search rhizome: Embedded Google-Search GAMA: Film Strip & Related Search
  17. 17. Digital Objects // Interactive Data Visualization / Interactive Applications 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive netzspannung.org: exploratory search interface Semantic Map & Timeline netzspannung.org
  18. 18. Digital Objects // Personalized Features ¨  expert communities (netzspannung) ¨  Ariadne’s Thread (netzspannung) ¨  search patterns (netzspannung) ¨  member-curated exhibitions (rhizome) ¨  netzkollektor (netzspannung) ¨  profile (netzspannung, rhizome) ¨  discussion board (with RSS feed) (rhizome) personalized features community features 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  19. 19. Digital Objects // Wiki 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive GAMA: Wiki – Guided Tour GAMA: embedded archive-object
  20. 20. Digital Objects // Tags, Folksonomy 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive rhizome.org: artist‘s terms VokabWiki
  21. 21. Interlink Analysis 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive Interlink Analysis of the sample using the tool „Issue Crawler“ (www.issuecrawler.net) by the Govcom.org Foundation, Amsterdam (NL).
  22. 22. http://www.netzspannung.org/about/partnerships/ http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/ http://www.netzspannung.org/about/partnerships/?lang=en http://www.netzspannung.org/about/partnerships/en http://www.netzspannung.org/about/workshops/learning/ http://www.netzspannung.org/learning/links/ http://www.netzspannung.org/learning/links/?lang=en http://www.netzspannung.org/learning/links/index.xsp?lang=en http://www.v2.nl/ http://framework.v2.nl/archive/archive/node/notion/default.xslt/nodenr-134057 http://www.fondation-langlois.org/ http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-funding_body?offset=1&sortby=name http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-organisation?offset=61&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/person/default.xslt/class-person?offset=231&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=electronicart http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=sound http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=glitch http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/works/magnet-tv/ http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/news http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=1970s http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=code http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=effects http://www.gama-gateway.eu/index.php?id=21 http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=13373 http://www.gama-gateway.eu/index.php?id=21&color=1 http://www.gama-gateway.eu/index.php?id=21&size=1 http://www.rhizome.org/ http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-network?offset=1&sortby=name http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-organisation?offset=211&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=14183 http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=13390 http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/festival_archive/festival_catalogs/festival_artikel.asp?iProjectID=9382 http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=1960s http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/works/public-supply-i/ http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=radio http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=transmission http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=2408 http://90.146.8.18/de/festival2008/program/project.asp?iProjectID=14399 http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=12879 http://rhizome.org/artbase/ http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/person/default.xslt/class-person?offset=1081&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://www.fondation-langlois.org/e/collection/vasulka/archives/ http://rhizome.org/editorial/fp/month.php?month=200110 http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-organisation?offset=141&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://netzspannung.org/ http://rhizome.org/editorial/fp/month.php?month=200409 http://framework.v2.nl/archive/index/organisation/default.xslt/class-organisation?offset=201&maxitems=10&sortby=name http://rhizome.org/RSG/ http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/works/random-access/images/5/ http://www.fondation-langlois.org/html/e/page.php?NumPage=1949 http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=dance http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/artist/beckett/biography/ http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=process http://www.fondation-langlois.org/html/e/page.php?NumPage=2026 http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/works/tv-hijack/ http://www.fondation-langlois.org/html/e/page.php?NumPage=2186 http://rhizome.org/editorial/tag.php?tag=research http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/artist/mark/biography/ http://www.netzspannung.org/tele-lectures/hypermedia-lectures/ http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/themen/ http://www.fondation-langlois.org/html/e/page.php?NumPage=152 http://rhizome.org/art/ Interlink Analysis Graph showing the page-level 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive hyperlinks are used • content-related • indications of institutional relations • reference to context • link as gateway
  23. 23. Actors according to Google.de 1. European Media Art Festival (Osnabrück) 2. medienkunstnetz ... 4. IMAI ... 9. ZKM ... 11. mediaartnet.org ... 37. Werkleitz Gesellschaft ... 39. Edith-Russ-Haus ... 41. GAMA ... 79. ISEA 2010 ¨  Archives ¨  Cultural Institutions ¨  Scientific Portals ¨  Educational Platforms ¨  Universities / Research Institutions ¨  Publishing House ¨  Funding Agencies ¨  Artists ¨  Events (Festivals, Conferences) ¨  Blogs ¨  Art Platforms ¨  Broadcaster ¨  Companies (Design, Advertising, Web, Bookstore...) ¨  Company Directories ¨  PR-Portal ¨  Cities 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive Query for „media art“, 01.11.2010 Actortypes:
  24. 24. Actors according to Google.de (2) 1. de.wikipedia.org 2. medienkunstnetz ... 9. Edith Russ Haus ... 15. Werkleitz Gesellschaft ... 35. ISEA 2010 ... 73. European Media Art Festival 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive Query for „Medienkunst“, 01.11.2010 ¨  Archives ¨  Cultural Institutions ¨  Educational Platforms ¨  Universities / Research Institutions ¨  Publishing House (incl. Book on Demand) ¨  Funding Agencies ¨  NGOs ¨  Individuals (Artists, Ressearchers, Curators) ¨  Art Projects ¨  Events (Festivals, Conferences) ¨  (Research) Blogs ¨  Art Platforms / Art Magazines ¨  Newspapers / Magazines (Print & Online) ¨  Broadcaster ¨  Companies (Design, Advertising, Web, Bookstore...) ¨  Company Directories ¨  Social Media Platforms ¨  Shopping Platforms ¨  Cities / City Marketing / Counties Actortypes:
  25. 25. Inlink Analysis ¨  other archives / platforms ¨  festivals ¨  cultural institutions ¨  blogs ¨  research blogs ¨  private pages of idividuals (artists, researchers, curators) ¨  conferences ¨  universities, colleges & other research institutions ¨  libraries ¨  research networks, platforms ¨  art portals & magazines ¨  information services on art ¨  research projects ¨  companies (partly involved in these projects) ¨  administration ¨  web services ¨  social bookmarking ¨  broadcaster 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive Classification of hosts linking to archive‘s homepages:
  26. 26. Conclusions 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive ¨  All sites use natively digital objects, but some are „more digital“in their approach than others. ¨  Archives should try to bind the discourse to the archive material. ¤  tools for collaborative meaning making are needed
  27. 27. f.wiencek@jacobs-university.de Thank you for your attention! 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  28. 28. References (1): Assmann, A. (2004). Zur Mediengeschichte des kulturellen Gedächtnisses. In A. Erll & A. Nünning, . Berlin, New York. Bolter, J. D., & Grusin, R. A. (1996). Remediation. Configurations, 4(3). Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/ journals/configurations/v004/4.3bolter.html. Caianiello, T., & Giebeler, J. (2010). Conserving Interactivity. imai Case Study on Bill Seaman's "Exchange Fields." ISEA 2010, Panel "Still Accessible? Rethinking the Preservation of Media Art 1, 24.08.2010. Dortmund. Cameron, F. (2003). Digital Futures I: Museum Collections, Digital Technologies, and the Cultural Construction of Knowledge. Curator, 46(3), 325-340. doi: 10.1111/j.2151-6952.2003.tb00098.x. Daniels, D. (2004). Das Vermittlungsparadox der Medienkunst – Thesen und Modelle zur multimedialen Vermittlung. In G. J. Lischka & P. Weibel, Die Medien der Kunst – die Kunst der Medien (pp. 90-104). Wabern, Bern: Benteli. Ernst, W. (2010). Underway to the Dual System – Classical Archives and / or Digital Memory. In D. Daniels & G. Reisinger (Eds.), netpioneers 1.0 - contextualising early net-based art (pp. 81-99). Berlin, New York: Sternberg Press. Retrieved from http://143.50.30.21/static/publication09/np_ernst_09.pdf. Ernst, W. (2002). Das Rumoren der Archive : Ordnung aus Unordnung. Internationaler Merve-Diskurs ; 243. Berlin: Merve-Verl. Haber, P. (2006). Gegenwart dokumentieren – Eine Annäherung aus historischer Sicht. In L. Reddeker, gegenwart dokumentieren. handbuch zur erschließung moderner und zeitgenössischer kunst in archiven und datenbanken (pp. 17-26). Wien: basis wien - Kunst, Information und Archiv. Kampman, M. (2009). YouTube's Flagging System. Retrieved from http://www.minkekampman.nl/index.php/ 2009/09/04/index/. Lemke, J. L. (2002). Travels in hypermodality. Visual Communication, 1(3), 299-325. doi: 10.1177/147035720200100303. 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  29. 29. References (2): Lovink, G., & Niederer, S. (Eds.)(2008). Video Vortex Reader – Responses to Youtube. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. Retrieved from http://networkcultures.org/wpmu/portal/files/2008/10/vv_reader_small.pdf. Ludwig Boltzmann Institut Medien.Kunst.Forschung. (2009). Abschlussbericht 09 des Ludwig Boltzmann Institut Medien.Kunst.Forschung. Retrieved from http://mediaartresearch.at/de/news.php?iMenuID=35&iNewsID=98. Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Media.Art.Research. (2009). Visualization Showcase - Projects. Retrieved from http:// vis.mediaartresearch.at/webarchive/public/view/mid:1. Manovich, L. (2001). The language of new media. Leonardo. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: MIT Press. Manovich, L. (2008). Software takes command. Retrieved from http://softwarestudies.com/softbook/ manovich_softbook_11_20_2008.doc. Morville, P., & Callender, J. (2010). Search Patterns (1 ed.). O'Reilly Media. Retrieved from http:// www.amazon.de/dp/0596802277. Mulder, A. (2007). The Exercise of Interactive Art. In J. Brouwer & A. Mulder, (pp. 52-69). Rotterdam: V2 Pub./NAi Publishers. netzspannung.org. (2009). netzspannung.org – Werkzeuge zur Wissenserschließung. Retrieved from http:// netzspannung.org/about/tools/. Paul, Christiane (2010): Context and Archive: Presenting and Preserving Net-Based Art. In D. Daniels & G. Reisinger (Eds.), netpioneers 1.0 - contextualising early net-based art (pp. 101-120). Berlin, New York: Sternberg Press. Retrieved from http://143.50.30.21/static/publication09/np_paul_09.pdf Rogers, R. (2009). The End of the Virtual – Digital Methods. Retrieved from http://www.govcom.org/ rogers_oratie.pdf. Schröter, J. (2009). On the Logic of the Digital Archive. In P. Snickars & P. Vonderau (Eds.), (pp. 330-346). Stockholm: National Library of Sweden. 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  30. 30. References (3): Snickars, P., & Vonderau, P. (Eds.) (2009). The YouTube Reader. Stockholm: National Library of Sweden. V2_ Institute for Unstable Media. (2004). Capturing Unstable Media. Retrieved from http:// capturing.projects.v2.nl/recomm.html. Weinberger, D. (2007). Everything is miscellaneous. New York, NY: Times Books. Retrieved from http:// katalog.suub.uni-bremen.de/DB=1/LNG=DU/CMD?ACT=SRCHA&IKT=8000&TRM=82269460*. Wiencek, F. (2009). Gedanken zur Online-Vermittlung von Medienkunst. In A. Rotert, H. Nöring, & R. Sausmikat, Katalog des European Media Art Festival Osnabrück 2009 (pp. 216-217). Osnabrück. 14.11.2010Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive
  31. 31. 14.11.2010Wiencek, Seizov, Müller - Multimodal Online Mediation @ ECREA 2010 References (4): Sample: Ars Electronica Archive: http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/index.asp; http://90.146.8.18/de/archives/ prix_archive/prix_projekt.asp?iProjectID=2475# Daniel Langlois Foundation: http://www.fondation-langlois.org/html/e/; http://www.fondation-langlois.org/ html/e/page.php?NumPage=2186 GAMA: http://www.gama-gateway.eu; http://www.gama-gateway.eu/index.php? id=search&workdetail=gama:ars-electronica:main:Work:966 Medien Kunst Netz: http://www.medienkunstnetz.de; http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/werke/very-nervous- system/ netzspannung.org: http://www.netzspannung.org; http://netzspannung.org/cat/servlet/CatServlet? cmd=document&subCommand=show&forward=%2fnetzkollektor%2foutput %2fproject.xml&entryId=147823&section=base&lang=de rhizome.org: http://www.rhizome.org Virtualart: http://www.virtualart.at; http://www.virtualart.at/database/general/work/very-nervous-system.html V2_archive: http://www.v2.nl/archive; http://framework.v2.nl/archive/archive/node/work/default.xslt/ nodenr-162937 Wiencek – The Online Life of Media Art-Archives @ Reimagining the Archive

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