State that people have the right to rebel against unfair and oppressive governments
State natural rights (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness)
Who wrote most of it?
Why did they come here?
Where did they settle?
Maryland, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
Virginia (Jamestown, Roanoke)
New York, NJ
New England (MA, RI, NH, CT)
Fishing, trade, shipbuilding
Rocky soil, short growing season
Exports – fish, whale oil, lumber, ships
Middle (NY, NJ, DE, PA)
Rivers, moderate growing season
Exports – farm goods, textiles, tea
Southern (MD, VA, NC, SC, GA)
Plantations, few cities
Tidewater area, long growing season
Exports – tobacco, rice, cotton
What document is this associated with?
The Albany Plan of Union
Drawn by Benjamin Franklin
Colonies should join together to be stronger
Made during conflict with Native American Indians
Proclamation of 1763
Came AFTER the French & Indian War
Banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
The goal was to avoid any more conflicts with Native American Indians
Navigation Acts 1763
Sugar Act 1764
Stamp Act 1765
Townshend Acts 1767
Tea Act 1773
Intolerable Acts 1774
What was the main goal of these?
What did they lead to?
Reaction to British Policies
Boycotts – King, Britain lost money (economic hardship)
Protests – signs, public complaints
Violence – riots, tarring and feathering, mobs
Smuggling – importing/exporting non-British goods
Key Events – Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre
EVENTUALLY – Led to the American Revolution
Protested “taxation without representation” Tarred & Feathered government officials Many lost homes after America won the war. Considered themselves American Considered themselves British Created and joined militias. Fought like the Indians. Supported British and Hessian troops Declared and fought for independence. Took sides with the king. PATRIOTS LOYALISTS
American Revolution – War!
Started in 1775
First battle – Lexington/Concord
Ended in 1781
Cornwallis surrenders – Yorktown, Virginia
Key Events/Battles - Massachusetts
“Shot heard ‘round the world” – War begins
“Don’t shoot till you see the whites of their eyes”- Americans retreat but hurt the British badly
Americans take the hill
Chase British out of Boston.
Key Events/Battles - New York
British victory, many Americans lost, evacuation from Long Island to NYC during night.
Pell’s Point - Bronx
Americans hid behind stone walls & fought British all day and gave Washington time to escape NY
Key Events/Battles - New Jersey
Crossing the Delaware – Christmas 1776
Washington and troops crossed Delaware river in ice/snow.
Marched to Trenton to attack Hessian soldiers at night
Killed 200 and captured 900 Hessians.
France and Spain say they’ll join the war on American side.