Colonies to Revolution
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Colonies to Revolution

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Colonies to Revolution Colonies to Revolution Presentation Transcript

  • Test Review Colonies to American Revolution
  • Declaration of Independence
    • Why was it written?
      • Establish the US as an independent country
      • List grievances against the King
      • State that people have the right to rebel against unfair and oppressive governments
      • State natural rights (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness)
    • Who wrote most of it?
      • Thomas Jefferson
  • Early Settlers
    • Why did they come here?
      • Religious freedom
    • Where did they settle?
      • Maryland, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
    • Why?
      • Business, economic
    • Where?
      • Virginia (Jamestown, Roanoke)
      • New York, NJ
  • Colonies
    • New England (MA, RI, NH, CT)
      • Fishing, trade, shipbuilding
      • Rocky soil, short growing season
      • Exports – fish, whale oil, lumber, ships
    • Middle (NY, NJ, DE, PA)
      • Farming, trade,
      • Rivers, moderate growing season
      • Exports – farm goods, textiles, tea
    • Southern (MD, VA, NC, SC, GA)
      • Plantations, few cities
      • Tidewater area, long growing season
      • Exports – tobacco, rice, cotton
    Why different?
    • What document is this associated with?
    • The Albany Plan of Union
    • Drawn by Benjamin Franklin
    • Colonies should join together to be stronger
    • Made during conflict with Native American Indians
  • Proclamation of 1763
    • Came AFTER the French & Indian War
    • Banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
    • The goal was to avoid any more conflicts with Native American Indians
  • British Actions/Policies
    • Navigation Acts 1763
    • Sugar Act 1764
    • Stamp Act 1765
    • Townshend Acts 1767
    • Tea Act 1773
    • Intolerable Acts 1774
    • What was the main goal of these?
    • What did they lead to?
  • Reaction to British Policies
    • Boycotts – King, Britain lost money (economic hardship)
    • Protests – signs, public complaints
    • Violence – riots, tarring and feathering, mobs
    • Smuggling – importing/exporting non-British goods
    • Key Events – Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre
    • EVENTUALLY – Led to the American Revolution
    • WAR!!!
  • Protested “taxation without representation” Tarred & Feathered government officials Many lost homes after America won the war. Considered themselves American Considered themselves British Created and joined militias. Fought like the Indians. Supported British and Hessian troops Declared and fought for independence. Took sides with the king. PATRIOTS LOYALISTS
  • American Revolution – War!
    • Started in 1775
      • First battle – Lexington/Concord
    • Ended in 1781
      • Cornwallis surrenders – Yorktown, Virginia
  • Key Events/Battles - Massachusetts
    • Concord/Lexington
      • “Shot heard ‘round the world” – War begins
    • Bunker Hill
      • “Don’t shoot till you see the whites of their eyes”- Americans retreat but hurt the British badly
    • Dorchester Heights
      • Americans take the hill
      • Chase British out of Boston.
  • Key Events/Battles - New York
    • Long Island
      • British victory, many Americans lost, evacuation from Long Island to NYC during night.
    • Pell’s Point - Bronx
      • Americans hid behind stone walls & fought British all day and gave Washington time to escape NY
  • Key Events/Battles - New Jersey
    • Crossing the Delaware – Christmas 1776
      • Washington and troops crossed Delaware river in ice/snow.
      • Marched to Trenton to attack Hessian soldiers at night
      • Killed 200 and captured 900 Hessians.
      • France and Spain say they’ll join the war on American side.
  • Key Events/Battles - New Jersey
    • Valley Forge
      • Winter headquarters for American army.
      • Brutally cold!!
      • Very little clothing, food, shelter.
      • A lot of hardship and suffering.
  • Key Events/Battles - New York
    • Saratoga
      • Turning point in the war.
      • Big American victory!
      • France officially enters the war.
      • France will now send help to the Americans.