Rural energy considerations (for FMO workshop Jan'11)

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Presentation for Rural Energy workshop 25 Jan 2011, the Hague, Netherlands, organised by FMO.

The challenge of rural energy access in developing countries is considered against the background of rural electrification in the Netherlands.

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Rural energy considerations (for FMO workshop Jan'11)

  1. 1. RURAL ENERGY IN PERSPECTIVE<br />Some reflections<br />Frank van der Vleuten<br />Program leader - Energy Access<br />ETC Netherlands<br />
  2. 2. Rural energy in NL<br />
  3. 3. Rural electrification in NL<br />1913, Amsterdam<br />
  4. 4. Rural electrification in NL<br />1913<br />Eindhoven, 1917<br />
  5. 5. Rural electrification in NL<br />Provinces implement energy <br />for all policy<br />1919<br />1913<br />1917<br />
  6. 6. Rural electrification in NL<br />Provinces implement energy <br />for all policy<br />1919<br />1913<br />1917<br />
  7. 7. Rural electrification in NL<br />
  8. 8. “BoP” Rural end-user<br />End-user living in poor and marginalized communities, not served by modern energy solutions, and out of reach of national energy systems and national energy policy. <br />The rural end-users:<br /><ul><li>Remote rural village, low accessibility, highly dispersed
  9. 9. Low electrification level
  10. 10. Dependent on energy market (formal and informal)
  11. 11. Rely on traditional solutions (health risks, low quality, high costs)
  12. 12. Have little or no control over their choices for energy access
  13. 13. Cannot rely on the state as it only fulfils a facilitating role in the energy sector</li></ul>Energy needs of target group in developing countries<br />
  14. 14. UNDP/WHO Report Nov 2009<br />Share of population without electricity access in rural and urban areas, 2008<br />Population without access to electricity<br />In developing countries: 1.5 billion people*<br />28% of the population<br />In LDCs: 824 million people<br />79% of the population<br />In SSA: 777 million people<br />74% of the population<br />10% of urban population lack access to electricity, compared to 41% of the rural population<br />* World Energy Outlook 2009, OECD/IEA 2009 <br />
  15. 15. International Energy Agency<br />Electricity deprivation <br />
  16. 16. UNDP/WHO Report Nov 2009<br />Indoor air pollution from solid fuel use is responsible for almost 2 million annual deaths<br />Every year, indoor air pollution is responsible for nearly 900 000 deaths due to pneumonia among children under five years of age. <br />
  17. 17. UNDP<br />
  18. 18. UNDP/WHO Report Nov 2009<br />Developing countries lag far behind in access to modern energy services to accelerate achievement of the Millennium Development Goals  <br />Out of 140 developing countries, 68 countries have established targets for access to electricity, but only 17 countries for access to modern fuels and 5 countries for access to mechanical power. <br />Almost 1.2 billion additional people will need access to electricity and 1.9 billion people will need access to modern fuels by 2015 if the goal of halving the proportion of people living in poverty (MDG 1) is to be met. <br />
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  28. 28. Global development community has ambitious up-scaling initiatives<br />Etcetera …<br />
  29. 29. Observation 1: Focus<br />How to get energy access supply chains with massive numbers of actors?<br />Development community<br />?<br />Technicians<br />(region/district)<br />10.000.000<br />Distributors<br />National lead firms<br />Retailers/ Dealers<br />(region/district)<br />International lead firms<br />End-users<br />1.000 50.000 1.000.000 2.000.000.000+<br />
  30. 30. Observation 2: Check out the kitchen<br />
  31. 31. Observation 2: Check out the kitchen<br />
  32. 32. Observation 2: Check out the kitchen<br />
  33. 33. Observation 3: Plan sector development<br />Rural energy<br />
  34. 34. Observation 3: Plan sector development<br />Rural cooking<br />Woodfuel & agroforestry<br />Improved cookstoves<br />Biogas<br />Biomass regulations<br />Projects<br />Kerosene stoves<br />LPG<br />Impr.charcoal stoves<br />3-stone<br />charcoal stoves<br />“fuel ladder”<br />
  35. 35. Observation 3: Plan sector development<br />Lighting<br />Solar lanterns<br />Solar Home Systems (SHS)<br />Projects<br />Awareness<br />Financing schemes<br />Subsidies?<br />Kerosene lanterns<br />Flashlights<br />Solar (components)<br />Kerosene wick<br />Candles<br />Dry cells<br />
  36. 36. Observation 3: Plan sector development<br />Village power<br />Grid extension<br />Renewable (Micro hydro, biomass gasification, wind/hybrid, biofuels , Solar power plants)<br />Liberalisation<br />Rural Energy Agencies<br />Grant funding<br />Diesel gensets<br />Mini/micro grids<br />TV Battery charging<br />Phone charging<br />Public services<br />
  37. 37. Observation 4: Joint learning curve<br />
  38. 38. Observation 5: Smart interventions<br />NGOs, projects, donor support<br />influencing capacity building & facilitation<br />Business associations<br />Training centers, schools<br />Government and energy access programs<br />Regional/local government<br />Service providers<br />Technicians<br />(region/district)<br />Nat lead firms (distributors)<br />Retailers/ Dealers<br />(region/district)<br />International lead firms<br />End-users<br />(men/women)<br />temporary<br />interventions<br />(semi) permanent<br />services<br />permanent<br />value chain<br />Improved interventionparadigm<br />
  39. 39. Observation: What is he doing?<br />
  40. 40. Questions?Contact: f.vleuten@etcnl.nlwww.ease-web.orgwww.energyforall.info<br />

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