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    Creature of the Sea Presentation Creature of the Sea Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Creatures of the Sea Mrs. Trager's 8th Grade Internet Class
    • Chocolate Chip Starfish By. Braydan West
      • Scientific Name:  Protoreaster Nodosus
        • Found in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Red Sea
        •   Live in warm oceans or seas
        • Live in shallow tidal pools or reefs up to 100 feet deep
        • Feed on bacteria or the remains of dead fish or other animals
        • Starfish mouths are at the bottom of there bodies
        • Cover their food with their bodies and push their food with their stomachs.
        • Grow up to 5 to 25 inches long
      Pisano , Jaclyn. &quot;Chocolate Chip Starfish.&quot; (2004): n. pag. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artnov04macro/jpstarfish.html>. &quot;Chocolate Chip Starfish.&quot; Chocolate Chip Starfish . Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.richard-seaman.com/Wallpaper/Nature/Underwater/Invertebrates/SeaStars/GhavutuStarFish.jpg>.
    • Sea Turtles By Eva Sorensen
        • Beautiful
        • Endangered
        • Graceful
        • Eat jellyfish, seaweed, shrimp, crabs, algae, and small mollusks.
        • Eggs are laid into the sand of close beaches
        • 7 different types of Sea Turtles
        • Most live in warm waters 
        • Loggerhead Sea Turtles live in cold waters
        • They all weigh at least 100 lbs
        • Spend their entire life in the sea, except for when going to lay eggs
      • How to help them:
        • Don't litter
        •   Don't release balloons into the atmosphere
        • Don't turn beach lights on
        • Boat carefully
        • Adopt a Sea Turtle nest
        • Recycle
        • Donate to local marine specialists
      Badskin-Salzberg, Anita and Allen. &quot;Sea Turtles.&quot; The following is a sample of the book: Turtles. N.p., n.d. WSeydenham S. R., Thomas. &quot;Sea Turtles.&quot; animals. N.p., 2008. Web. 10 Feb 2011.  <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/turtlesea.htm>. eb. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.herpdigest.org/turtles/seaturt.htm>. &quot;Save the Sea Turtle foundation.&quot; Turtle blog. N.p., 2009. Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://savetheseaturtle.org/?p=285>.
    • Mandarin Fish By Lily McNeil
        • Part of the Dragonets species
        • One of the coral reef’s fish with the most variety of color
        • Psychedelic colors
        • Very colorful but are hard to find
        • Live in groups with two fish and can be up to five
        • Usually found right before sundown
        • Scientific name is Synchiropus Splendidus
        • They usually consume Mysids, Amiphods, Isopods, and Benthic Copepods
        • Do not have scales
        • Male is larger and more colorful than the female
        • Male has long spikes along his dorsal fin for protection
      • &quot;Mandarin Fish.&quot; New Approach To Dive 9/18/2006: 3. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.zerobar.org/mandarin-fish/>.
      • Sewell, Terry. &quot;Mandarin Fish .&quot; Fishbowl DC. Media Bistro, 4/5/10. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.mediabistro.com/fishbowldc/>.
    • Peacock Mantis Shrimp By Sandra Murillo
        • Found in the Pacific Ocean including Hawaii
        • Not endangered
        • Live on coral reefs
        • What they eat things: clams, snails and crabs
        • Can crawl up to 50-75mph
        • Can break aquarium glass
        • Known as the Harlequin Mantis or a Shrimp or Painted Mantis Shrimp  
        • Are predators
        • Peacock Mantis Shrimp is a hard pet to keep and not a lot of people have them as pets
        • The best way to feed the Peacock Mantis Shrimp is by feeding it live crabs
        • Foot in a half in length
        • Interesting to watch smash everything 
      &quot;Peacock Mantis Shrimp.&quot; Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>. &quot;Peacock Mantis Shrimp.&quot; Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.jrank.org/pages/1760/Mantis-Shrimps-Stomatopoda-PEACOCK-MANTIS-SHRIMP-Odontodactylus-scyllarus-SPECIES-ACCOUNTS.html>.
    • Dumbo Octopus By: Rory Cole The Dumbo octopus or Grimpoteuthis is one of the rarest species of octopus. They move by jet propulsion, using their eight arms, and, or moving their elephant-earl-like-flaps. By using all of these different methods of movement, the Dumbo octopus can hover or swim. They eat copepods bivalves and crustaceans. An interesting  fact about Dumbo octopi is that they eat their prey whole. This kind of octopus can dive  farther than any other octopus. They are seen most frequently at depths of 3,000-4,000 meters below sea level, but have been seen up 7,000 meters below sea level. Beccary, . &quot;Dumbo Octopus with elephant ears.&quot; Nature's Crusaders . N.p., 09/26/08. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://naturescrusaders.wordpress.com/2008/10/26/dumbo-an-octopus-with-elephant-ears/>.
    • The Puffer Fish By Haylee Pettit
        • Puff up because they swallow large amounts of water and their elastic stomachs blow up like a balloon
        • More than 120 specimens of Puffer Fish in the world
        • Sizes range from 1 inch to over 2 feet
        • Do not have scales
        • Have pointy and tough skin
        • Have 4 sharp pointy teeth
        • They have teeth that are used for eating algae, clams, mussels and other shell fish with their birdlike beaks
        • Some Puffer Fish are poisonous
        • Poisonous puffers are believed to get their deadly toxin from the bacteria in the animals they eat 
      Laughlin, Chris. &quot; Pufferfish Tetraodontidae.&quot; National Geographic . National Geographic, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/pufferfish.html>.
    • The Stingray By Valeria Morse
        • Its scientific name is Dasytidae
        • Many have teeth so they can crunch mollusks like clams, oysters, and mussels 
        • Live in the shallows of a temperate sea 
        • Its mouth, nostrils, and gills are positioned on its underbelly  
        • Their appearance usually copies the seafloors shading, helping it hide from predatory sharks and larger rays
        • Spend the majority of their time inactive, hiding in the sand  
        • Swim close to divers and snorkelers without fear  
        • Tail has a poisonous barb, but is only used to protect themselves  
        • Tail is used to move around in the water, but its main purpose is for protection
      &quot;Stingrays, Stingray Pictures, Stingray Facts - National Geographic.&quot; Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic . National Geographic, 1996. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/stingray/>. &quot;Creative Commons Search.&quot; Creative Commons Search . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=stingrays>.
    • Emperor  Angelfish By:Bailey Cleven
        • Scientific Name - Pomacanthus Imperator
        • Adults have a black band across their eyes to confuse predators so they won't know which end to attack
        • Commonly grow up to 13 inches long 
        • Can be found near ledges and caves in rich coral growth
        • Live alone in reefs in the Pacific Ocean and Red Sea
        • Eat sponges and sea squirts.
        • To eat they use coarse teeth like bristles on a brush to scrape their food off of rocks and coral
      &quot;Emperor Angelfish.&quot; Shedd The World's Aquarium . John G. Shedd Aquarium , ©2001-2006. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://sea.sheddaquarium.org/sea/fact_sheets.asp?id=100#top>.  &quot;Emperor Angelfish.&quot; Foster and Smith Aquatics . Web. 9 Feb 2011. <https://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=15+18+411&pcatid=411>.
    • Parrotfish By: Sierra Judd
        • Scienticfic Name: Scaridae
        • Most of the food they eat is algae
        • If they get any coral when they eat the algae, it is crushed by the teeth in their throats so that they can get to the polyps, which are full of algae
        • Before they sleep at night, they coat themselves with mucus in order to cover up their scent to protect themselves from animals that hunt them
        • They are related to the wrasse
        • If you see sand near a parrotfish it is most likely the coral that was not fully digested and then defecated
        • They change sex and appearance during their lifetime.
        • Size: less than 1 foot to 4 feet (30-120 centimeters)
      • &quot;Parrot Fish, Parrot Fish Pictures, Parrot Fish Facts - National Geographic.&quot; Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic . National Geographic. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. < http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/parrot-fish/ >.
      Creative Commons . Web. <http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=%22parrotfish%22>.
    • Seahorses By Katja Peller
        •   More than 15 species
        • Only animal in the animal kingdom where the male is pregnant
        • Sea Horse life- grow up, attract mates, and give birth  
        • Largest collection of Charismatic animal 
        • The sea horse looks like a combination of animals-head like a horse, tail like a monkey and pouches like a kangaroo
        •   Baby seahorses live in males protective pouch 
        • Scientist don't know how may seahorses there are in the world 
        • Smallest seahorse is 1/2 inch long know as the Satomi's Pygmy Seahorses 
        • Largest seahorse is the Potbelly and can be up to 14 inches long 
                                   Information Citations:  &quot;The Secret Lives of Seahorses .&quot; Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>.  &quot;Seahorse Exhibit Animals .&quot; Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <https://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/efc_seahorse/seahorse_animals.aspx>.                              Picture Citation: Dwarf Seahorse.&quot; Monterey Bay Aquarium . Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>. 
    • Lion Fish By Evan Dahms
        • The lion fish has red and white  stripes, it also has long pectoral fins the lion fish is poisonous 
        • deadly the side affects of getting bitten are troubles breathing and nausea
        • The usually live  reefs and  crevices 
        • A very big lion fish can grow up to 15 inches
        • The regular size is about 12 inches
        • The lion fish is food in some countries like Japan
        • They are worth a lot more as pet fish or fish in a aquarium
        • The lion fish has many other nicknames
      (&quot;http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/&quot;) &quot;Lion Fish.&quot; http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish . N.p., 1/15/2010. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish &quot;Travel into the world.&quot; Travel into the world Starfish (2008): 1. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://travelintospain.blogspot.com/2008/09/under-indian-ocean-world.html>
    • Freshwater Jellyfish By: Nora Jones
        • Oval-shaped
        • Diameter is 5-25mm
        •   Glassy
        • Whitish or green tinge
        • Short tentacles help with feeding
        • Long tentacles help with swimming
        • Total number of tentacles is 50 to 500
        • Have been seen throughout the United States
        • These animals do not harm humans
        • Small fish can be paralyzed by their stings
      I nformation Citation: McKercher, Liz, Danny O'Connell, Pam Fuller, and Jim Liebig. United States. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species-Craspedacusta sowerbyi . , Aug 19, 2009. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=1068>. Picture Citation: &quot;Tiny Jellyfish thrive in Moscow River.&quot; RT.com . Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://rt.com/news/sci-tech/tiny-jellyfish-thrive-moscow/>.
    • Portuguese Man of War By Cormac Heneghan
        • Biology- found in tropic locations
          • Polyps- Organism that can not survive independently
            • Polyp #1 gas filled object at the top
            • Polyp #2 tentacles
              • stuns prey and brings food to digestive polyp
            • Polyp #3 digestive
            • Polyp #4 reproductive
          •   Size
            •   12 in. long 5 in. wide
            • Tentacles up too 165 ft. 30 ft. is average
        •   Effects of sting
          •   Burning, stinging, welts, difficulty with breathing, cardiac arrest
      Bibliography &quot;Portuguese Man-of-Wars, Portuguese Man-of-War Pictures, Portuguese Man-of-War Facts - National Geographic.&quot; Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic . Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/portuguese-man-of-war.html>.
    • &quot;ocean-census-flamingo-tongue-snail.&quot; The daily green . Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/squid-octopus-pictures>.  Nahabedian, Sarah, James B. Wood, and Melissa Parr. Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda . Sarah Nahabedian, 2-10-11. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.thecephalopodpage.org/MarineInvertebrateZoology/Cyphomagibbosum1.html>.
        • The Flaming Tongue Snail
        • By: Estefani Murillo
        • Commonly seen in Caribbean and south Atlantic coral reefs
        • Approximately one inch long
        • Feeds on corals
        • When alive it appears to be yellow and orange with black spots on the back 
        • Member of the Octopus, and Oyster family
        • Seen in places from North Carolina to Florida
        • Lives and feeds on Gorgonian Corals
        • It is toxic