Petra Photo Album


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  • Petra Photo Album

    1. 1. PETRA PHOTO ALBUM December 2008
    2. 2. PETRA An ancient Nabataean city in western Jordan with massive facades carved out of red sandstone  ‘Petra’ is the Greek word for ‘rock’  Petra was probably Sela (‘rock’) or Mount Seir in the Old Testament  She was inhabited around 1200 BCE by the Edomites who were known as Idumeans in New Testament times The Idumeans were later displaced by the Nabataeans whose greatest king was Aretas IV (9 BCE to 40 CE)
    3. 3. The view from our room balcony at the Crowne Plaza Resort; it overlooks the Petra mountains
    4. 4. 3 ways into Petra 1. Ride a horse 2. Ride a horse 3. Walk carriage
    5. 5. A bilingual (Nabataean & Greek) inscription at the Bab as-Siq (‘gate of the Siq’); it mentions burials made by Abdmanku for his family (40-70 CE), probably referring to the adjacent Obelisk Tomb
    6. 6. The Obelisk Tomb shows Egyptian, Greek, & Nabataean influences
    7. 7. The dam on the left protected the entrance of the Siq from the floods
    8. 8. 2 rock-cut channels brought water from the Ain Musa (‘spring of Moses’ or the place where Moses struck a rock with his staff and water gushed out) into Petra; the channel on the left was for non-drinking purposes
    9. 9. The channel on the right was for drinking and was lined with clay pipes
    10. 10. The Siq  a 2-km passage into the city  the rocks on both sides could rise up to 80 m high the 2 water channels continue all the way into the city
    11. 11. Along the siq are betyls or These were representations of imageless stone god-blocks Du Shara (‘god of the Shara mountains’)
    12. 12. the water channel on the left A life-size carving of a man & his camel—signs of camel caravans Petra was an important trading city for spices as she was located at the intersection between the south-north trade route from Arabia & Egypt to the Mediterranean ports, and the westward trade route from the Far East
    13. 13. After much walking, we caught a glimpse of the Khaznat el- Faroun (‘Treasury of the Pharaoh’) glowing in the morning sun
    14. 14. It was believed that Pharaoh left his treasures in the urn at the top of the façade However, this was probably a royal tomb than a treasury This building was featured in the movie, ‘Indiana Jones & the Last Crusade
    15. 15. One of the rooms in the Treasury—probably a burial chamber
    16. 16. From here onwards, there are 3 modes of transport 1. Ride a donkey 2. Ride a camel 3. Walk
    17. 17. Bedouins used to live in these caves A well that still works till the government resettled them in the 1980s
    18. 18. The Bedouins agreed to move as they were given the exclusive right to sell souvenir products in Petra
    19. 19. The sand bottle uses the colourful sand found in the caves
    20. 20. The Uneishu Tomb—the ‘steps’ or ‘stairs’ indicate Assyrian influence
    21. 21. The Romans occupied Petra in 106 The decline of the city began with an CE and began to build theatres, earthquake in 363 CE temples, etc., rather than tombs
    22. 22. The Royal Tombs The Urn Tomb The Silk Tomb Key feature: urn Key feature: multi colours This was used as a church during the Byzantine times
    23. 23. Top: The Palace Tomb Key feature: look of a Hellenistic palace Left: The Corinthian Tomb Key feature: Corinthian capitals
    24. 24. The Treasury, looking rather subdued at dusk What we saw was only a few tombs out of the 800 carved tombs and about 15% of the whole city We walked a total of 8.4 km By the end of the day, we were literally covered from head to toe with the sand of Petra