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Around The Sea Of Galilee Photo Album
 

Around The Sea Of Galilee Photo Album

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    Around The Sea Of Galilee Photo Album Around The Sea Of Galilee Photo Album Presentation Transcript

    • AROUND THE SEA OF GALILEE Israel November 2008
    • We stayed at the Kibbutz Maagan which is by the southern shore of the Sea of Galilee
    • On the night that we arrived, we saw some Jews celebrating the Passover meal
    • On the morning that we took a boat ride the winds were pretty strong The Sea of Galilee is also the Lake of It is 53 km in circumference, 21 km Gennesaret, Sea of Kinnereth, or Sea long, & 13 km wide of Tiberias Its deepest depth is only 43 m It is Israel’s largest freshwater lake At 209 m below sea level, it is the lowest freshwater lake on earth
    • The strong winds prevented us from going over to Tiberias which is across the sea
    • After we boarded the boat, the At our request, he hoisted the seaman hoisted the flag of Israeli flag & sang the anthem Singapore as we sang the with the other crew members anthem
    • Surprising, the boat was quite spacious
    • With such unpredictable sea conditions, it is no wonder swimming is forbidden
    • We had the famous St Peter’s fish (a tilapia) from the Sea of Galilee for lunch
    • These were some of the sights we saw as we drove to the Mount of Beatitudes, the place where Jesus delivered the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 5:1-8)
    • The Catholic chapel was built in 1939 & designed by the noted architect Antonio Barluzzi who dedicated his life to build churches in the Holy Land
    • The chapel is on a hill about 175 m above the north western shore of the Sea of Galilee
    • To bring out the significance of this sacred place, Antonio Barluzzi made the ceiling walls octagonal in shape, representing the 8 beatitudes Each window on the ceiling wall displays one of these beatitudes Its dome has gold mosaic
    • Inside the chapel Outside the chapel
    • Soft music greeted us at Tabgha, the traditional site of the miracle of the multiplication of the fish & loaves (Mark 6:30-44)
    • The mosaic of the fish & loaves is laid next to a large rock which is believed to be where Jesus stood when he blessed the fish & loaves
    • Other floor mosaics The beautiful 5th-century mosaic A tower marked with bands floor depicting birds & plants bearing Greek letters, probably for measuring the water level of the Sea of Galilee (i.e., a “nilometer”)
    • The olive tree in the church courtyard
    • Also in the courtyard is a black basalt & a black basalt stone olive oil stone olive press to squeeze oil out separator—the oil will float on water & from the olives, flow out of the grooves
    • A 5th-century baptismal fount in the shape of a cross Apparently, they practised baptism by immersion
    • Our next stop was Capernaum—Jesus’ own city (Matt 9:1; Mark 2:1) & the place where he lived (Matt 4:13)
    • It was also the home of Jesus’ first converts—Peter & Andrew (Mark 1:21, 29) The plague before this statue of Peter reads, “Thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my church” (Matt 16:18)
    • A modern Franciscan church lies above the stone house where Peter lived
    • Capernaum (“Nahum’s village”), situated on the north- west shore of the Sea of Galilee, was a fishing village that existed only from150 BCE onwards (i.e., during the Hasmonean Dynasty) Black basalt stone seemed to be the main material used in construction during that time Here, you can see a black basalt stone olive press within an olive mill
    • In later times, white limestone was used
    • A Roman milestone on the Via A column with Aramaic Maris (“Way of the Sea”) bearing inscription that reads, “Alpheus, the son of an inscription from the period of the Emperor Hadrian (117-138 Zebidah, the son of John, made CE) this column. May he be blessed.”
    • The 4th- or 5th-century (Byzzntine-era) white limestone synagogue Its southern façade faces Jerusalem
    • This synagogue was built over a layer of black basalt foundation, very possibly the synagogue of Jesus’ days that was built by a Gentile centurion (Luke 7:5)
    • The columns in the prayer hall were placed on high pedestals & supported Corinthian capitals while stone benches were placed along the western & eastern walls
    • On a column in the prayer hall is a Greek inscription: “Herod, son of Mo[ni]mos, and Justus his son, together with (his) children, erected this column.”
    • The north-south main street
    • Houses lined both sides the north-south main street & the side streets
    • The walls of these houses were constructed with coarse basalt blocks & reinforced with stone & mud
    • Here, grinding mills for wheat Capernaum was devastated by an earthquake that took place in 746 CE It was abandoned in the 11th century (Crusader Period) & its ruins were left untouched until it was discovered in the 19th century Think about this as you think about the authenticity of Peter’s house & the synagogue