The E-workbook: Tablet-based interactive tool for video storytelling
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  • 1. TheE<workbook:Tablet<based interactivetoolforvideostorytelling Feb28,2012 AndrewLihAnnenbergInnovationLab http://andrewlih.com D<Books Twitter:Fuzheado Email:alih@usc.edu Associateprofessor UniversityofSouthernCalifornia AnnenbergSchoolforCommunicationandJournalismWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 2. Why$is$teaching$and$learning$ video$so$hard?Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 3. Ten$years$of$training$journalists$ and$students:$video$storytelling$is$ the$toughest$thing$to$teachWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 4. Problems Uncle$Murray$“video$painting” Unusable$pans/moves No$clear$concept$for$each$shot Bad$framing Not$enough$closeups Inability$to$shoot$sequences (Not$to$mention$audio)Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 5. Why$is$it$hard? Multitasking Technical$tools$complexity Intrusiveness$of$reporting Slow$feedback$loop$in shooting/editing Gaining$good$experienceWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 6. HandsMon$instruction$in$shooting$ is$low:$often$a$solo$act Story research Shooting EditingWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 7. Motivations Increase$in$organizations$making$ “footage$calls”$to$audience/crowd Video$coMcreation Collaborative$editingWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 8. Examples$for$Citizen$Journalism CNN$iReport Rawporter Videolicious Wikinews/WikipediaWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 9. Case:$Videolicious Requesting$userMgenerated$videos$ for$lifestyle$brands Unfortunately,$textMheavy$ descriptionsWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 10. 10Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 11. 11Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 12. #FAIL Toomuchtextinstruction Wouldn’tavisualsystembedesirable? 12Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 13. Case:$Rawporter Crowdsourced$videojournalism #FAIL Unclearonwhatstylesof videofootagedesiredby newsorganizations. Clip<based,notstory< based.Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 14. Solution Wikis$started$out$to$share$ programming$patterns How$about$video$patterns? Provide$templates/direction$for$ content$creatorsWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 15. BBC$5$Shot$method Pattern$pioneered$by$Michael$ Rosenblum,$NYT$Television,$NY1,$ BBC,$CurrentTVWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 16. Five$Shot$method Closeup$on$hands Closeup$on$face Wide$shot Over$the$shoulder Unusual/side$shotWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 17. Example:$Venice$Pier$Gets$its$Fill 17Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 18. 1 Closeup of the hands WHAT!is!being!done?! Mystery!is!good:!half!the! frame!should!be!hands 2 Closeup of the face WHO!is!doing!it?! Show*TWO*EYES,*not*a* profile*shot 3 Wide shot WHERE!is!it!being!done?! Respect*the*LINE*OF*ACTION 4 Over the shoulder HOW!is!it!done?! Combine*into*POVClike*shot 5 Unusual/ alternative WHAT*ELSE!should! viewer!know?Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 19. Five$Shot$basics Start$with$best$shot Get$audience$to$ask$questionsWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 20. Why$it$works Sequence$always$cuts$together Usable$BMroll$all$the$time Mystery$closeups$draw$viewers$inWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 21. Adam$Westbrook “What’s$the$difference$between$ amateurs$and$professionals?$ Pros$shoot$sequences.” http://adamwestbrook.wordpress.com/2011/10/24/10McommonMvideoMstorytellingMmistakesMandMhowMtoMavoidMthemMadamMwestbrookMonlineMvideo/Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 22. Method Compels$journalist$to$get$close Provides$known$game$plan Time$for$story$decision$making Web$video$demands$closeupsWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 23. Open$Source$Textbook Multimedia$journalism Collaboration$with Lam$Vo,$formerly$of$Wall$Street$Journal Teaching$material...Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 24. Materials Field$checklists http://andrewlih.com/blogWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 25. Challenge ChecklistMbased,$twoMhanded$operation$ can$be$cumbersome Combine$these$two!Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 26. Evolution Paperbook Text/Photo • Audio/Video Media$capture,$ analysis,$transmission Source:$http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eucharius_R%C3%B6%C3%9Flin_Rosgarten_Titel.jpgWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 27. Evolution Paperbook E<textbook Text/Photo • • Audio/Video • Media$capture,$ analysis,$transmission Source:$http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eucharius_R%C3%B6%C3%9Flin_Rosgarten_Titel.jpgWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 28. Evolution Paperbook E<textbook E<workbook Text/Photo • • • Audio/Video • • Media$capture,$ analysis,$transmission • Source:$http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eucharius_R%C3%B6%C3%9Flin_Rosgarten_Titel.jpgWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 29. Instead$of$paper$instruction... Build$the$5$shot$method$into$device iPad$screen$ridiculously$big,$so take$advantage$of$its$UI$spaceWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 30. Prototype$interfaces Shot$list,$instruction$and$cameraWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 31. Prototype$interfaces Analysis,$checklist,$camera$locationWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 32. Prototype$interfaces Storyboard$of$shots$needed Provide$instruction/analysis e-workbook Module: BBC 5 Shot 2 Closeup on REC face WHO is doing it? • Frame with rule of thirds • Give “talk space” in front of eyes/nose. • Can cut off top of head, but not the chin. • SHOW TWO EYES! Analyze FRAMING EYES NOSEROOM 1 2 3 4 5 Hands Face Wide OTS UnusualWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 33. Interested$Parties Vericorder iPhone$hardware/software Five$shot$materials$used$in$ video$training$at: Notre$Dame$University,$ West$Virginia$University,$ WTOP$in$Washington$DCWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 34. Challenges iBook$or$iOS$app?Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 35. iBookstitle(ePub) iOSappinAppStore Portability Manydevices Apple<locked Textmodel Reflowable Static Standard Open/malleable Closed/controlled Basic,text<centric,simple Advanced,multimedia< Multimedia videoandaudio rich,mediacapture Screenuse Framed/flowed Fullscreen Booksize Lightweight Heavy Authoring Simple,$variety$of$layout$tools Complicated,$programmingWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 36. Development$path Media$capture:$iOS$app$ only$way$to$go InMapp$editing/trimming Sending$video$for$evaluation Feedback$from$instructor/editorWednesday, February 29, 12
  • 37. Development$state$at USC$Annenberg$Innovation$Lab Example$footage$and$ evaluation$rubrics$done$ Video$system$being$prototyped Evaluation$system$being$designed Prototype$in$Spring$2012Wednesday, February 29, 12
  • 38. Future$work Generic$XMLMbased$“storyboard”$ language,$beyond$5$shots Algorithms$for$analyzing$intraMclip$ and$interMclip$quality Collaborative$features$for$immediate$ instructor/editor$feedbackWednesday, February 29, 12